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 In 1900 congress passed the Foraker Act › Authorized POTUS to appoint a governor and part of the legislature of Puerto Rico › The rest of the legislature.

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Presentation on theme: " In 1900 congress passed the Foraker Act › Authorized POTUS to appoint a governor and part of the legislature of Puerto Rico › The rest of the legislature."— Presentation transcript:

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2  In 1900 congress passed the Foraker Act › Authorized POTUS to appoint a governor and part of the legislature of Puerto Rico › The rest of the legislature would be determined by a general election in PR  U.S. taxed Puerto Rican goods  Puerto Ricans did not have the same rights as U.S. citizens

3  Granted Puerto Ricans more citizenship rights  Gave them greater control of their legislature  Still didn’t have all the same rights as Americans

4  Platt Amendment › Restricted rights of the Cubans › Brought Cuba within the US sphere › Prevented Cuba from making agreements with other nations without US approval › Required Cuba to lease naval stations to the US › Gave US the “right to intervene” to preserve order in Cuba › Cubans didn’t like it!

5  TR’s policy for US action in Latin America › Depended on a strong military to achieve goals  “Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far.”  America had a duty to “civilize” weaker nations  America’s captains of industry should be international leaders

6  U.S. bought a French company’s claim in 1903 for $40 million  Before building a canal to connect the Pacific to the Atlantic the US needed the permission of the Colombian govt  Colombia demanded more than the US was willing to give  TR sent warships to assist in the Panamanian rebellion against Colombia

7  Colombia backed down after the military presence of the US  Panama declared its independence and granted the US control over the “canal zone”  US agreed to pay Panama $10 million and annual rent of $250,000  US transferred control in 1999

8  More than 35,000 workers dug canal  More than 5,000 died from disease or accidents  Opened in 1914

9  Europe was angry because Latin Americans were not paying debts to foreign investors  Updated the Monroe Doctrine  TR wanted to keep the Western Hemisphere free from European intervention  US would act as police › Latin Americans wanted to police themselves!

10  “Less big stick, more dollars” › “substitute dollars for bullets”  Wanted to increase American investments in Central American businesses and banks  “Big Stick” sometimes had to be used to protect “dollar diplomacy” › Example: Nicaragua…troops sent twice to protect the pro-American govt there

11 Taft’s diplomacy basically failed

12  Unlike his predecessors, Wilson was anti- imperialism  Vowed US would not conduct territorial conquests, instead they would promote “human rights, national integrity, and opportunity.”  Despite his rhetoric, he still used military to “guide” Latin Americans › Example: Haiti, Dominican Republic, and Mexico

13 Wilson’s plan didn’t really work either :’(

14  Mexico arrested US sailors › Wilson sent in Marines and collapsed Mexican government  Things were good for a short time › Rebels rose again led by Pancho Villa  Villa attacked and killed 18 Americans in NM › Troops sent to Mexico on a “punitive expedition”  WWI distracted US from Villa

15 US gave up the hunt, but he was killed by an unknown assassin in 1923.

16  At the end of the Spanish-American War, the U.S. had accomplished its goal of becoming a world power, a role we still retain today. What problems have we faced as a nation historically because of the role we play in the rest of the world?


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