Presentation on theme: "VACCINARE Î N FA Vaccinare –solu ţ ie control î n FA ?!"— Presentation transcript:
VACCINARE Î N FA Vaccinare –solu ţ ie control î n FA ?!
Contribu ţ ii rom â ne ş ti 1929- MIHAI CIUC Ă (RFC ) 1956-1965 Dr. MUN Ţ IU NICOLAE (SECRETAR PERMANENT –COMISIA EUROPEAN Ă FAO 1960- PRIMUL VACCIN ANTIAFTOS (POPOVICI ILIE Ş I JIVOIN PETRU ) 1977- LABORATOR PRODUC Ţ IE INDUSTRIAL Ă VACCIN ANTIAFTOS (72 milioane doze )
STRATEGII DE CONTROL A FA The FMD status of country /region can be defined as endemic, epidemic (sporadic), or free. FMD-free regions can be defined by : - national borders (e.g., Australia, Indonesia), - supranational borders (e.g., Europe, North America) - disease free zones within non-free areas maintained by movement control (e.g., Zimbabwe). The historically free of FMD, Australia being a prime example. Other regions have eradicated FMD, following : -mass annual prophylactic vaccination campaigns -application of zoosanitary measures following outbreaks. The basis to control FMD is to limit access of the virus to FMD-susceptible animals. The methods of control depend upon the prevalence of the disease : - stamping out - vaccination and stamping out - buffer zones between the vaccination /non-vaccination area - annual vaccination along borders
CONTROL FA Î N PREZEN Ţ A VACCIN Ă RII FMD outbreaks were numerous throughout Europe ; However, as a result a large-scale production of vaccine use as mass annual vaccination in most of country reduce the outbreaks Some countries never vaccinated (e.g., U K Ireland), or had given up vaccination a long time ago (Denmark), control FMD through : -importation control, -slaughter - zoosanitary measures. Mass annual prophylactic vaccination was very successful in totally eliminating European outbreaks by 1990. Inactivated cell culture vaccine Romania –ring vaccination around borders till 1991 - import and movement control
VACCINAREA SOLU Ţ IE DE NECESITATE EU FMD Policy Post 1991 - Directive 90/423/EC, - non-vaccination policy to control FMD in Europe - The experience of the EU since 1991 confirmed that the non- vaccination policy was correct. (Italy in 1993; Greece in 1994 and 1996). - However- vaccination stop the virus spread to the susceptible animals so – ring emergency vaccination could take in the consideration
ŢĂ RI LIBERE DE FA Albania Australia Austria Belarus Belgium Belize Bosnia and Herzegovina Brunei Bulgaria Canada Chile Costa Rica Croa t ia Cuba Cyprus Czech Rep. Denmark Dominican Republic El Salvador Estonia Finland Former Yug. Rep. of Macedonia France Germany Greece Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland Indonesia Ireland Italy Japan Korea (Rep. of) Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malta Mauritius Mexico Montenegro Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Norway Panama Poland Portugal Romania Serbia(1) Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Ukraine United Kingdom United States of America Vanuatu