Presentation on theme: "THE HISTORY OF TOURISM. The word -TOURISM - comes from the Greek word TORNOS which means a circular move around a central point or axis comes from the."— Presentation transcript:
THE HISTORY OF TOURISM
The word -TOURISM - comes from the Greek word TORNOS which means a circular move around a central point or axis comes from the Greek word TORNOS which means a circular move around a central point or axis -TOURIST – 17th century the word ‘tourist’ related to the young aristocratic people who left for Italy or France to continue studying
Ancient times First travels appeared in the Ancient Egypt. People travelled to take part in religious celebrations or to admire huge pyramids
ANCIENT TIMES Also religion was the reason why the Greek travelled. Their destinations were the oracle of Delphi or The Temple of Olympian Zeus in Athens. Also religion was the reason why the Greek travelled. Their destinations were the oracle of Delphi or The Temple of Olympian Zeus in Athens.
ANCIENT TIMES The situation in Rome was totally different. Developed roads inns helped people travel. Theor safety was regulated by the law. They travelled because of medical reasons as well as leisure. The most popular resorts wereBaden- Baden, Nepal, Vichy Baden Baden ruins
MEDIVAL Reason to travel: Religion
Renaissance – Great Travel Marco Polo – travel to China
Renaissance Christopher Columbus. The discovery of America.
Renaissance The shortest way to India – Vasco de Gama
XVII and XVIII century Used horse carriages
XVII and XVIII century Development of climbing. The Mount Blanc The Mount Blanc was reached in 1786 Grienenwald Michel-Gabriel Paccard
XVIII century Develop of health resorts. SPA VICHY BADEN BADEN
XIX and XX century Introduce steam engine. First railway line.
XIX and XX century ORIENT EXPRESS
XIX and XX century Development of international transport. Mass production of cars by Henry Ford
XIX and XX century First motorway in Italy
First travel agency
Winter olimpic games
After World War II Mediterranean Sea Basin Ski tourism
After World War II
Country Regional market International tourism arrivals 1FranceEurope76,8 million 2United StatesAmericas59,7 million 3ChinaAsia55,7 million 4SpainEurope52,7 million 5ItalyEurope43,6 million 6United KingdomEurope28,1 million 7TurkeyEurope27 million 8GermanyEurope26,9 million 9MalaysiaAsia24,6 million 10MexicoAmericas22,4 million