Presentation on theme: "What were the Origins of Slavery?"— Presentation transcript:
1 What were the Origins of Slavery? What Impact did it have on the development of the North American colonies?
2 Key Concept 2.1.iiThe British–American system of slavery developed out of the economic, demographic, and geographic characteristics of the British-controlled regions of the New World.
3 Slavery In Africa / Pre-Colonial NOT generational (children could not be enslaved to their mother’s owner)NOT defined as propertyCOULD rise to positions of influenceNOT racially prescribedSource:
4 Chattel Slavery, Pre-colonial Period “chattel” = personal property15th c. Portugal established slave trade in W. Africa1482 Elmina, “the mine,” first exchange point for slaves on W. African mainlandPortugal and Spain export chattel slavery to New Worldnative peoples African slaves“Middle passage,” transatlantic slave trade~10 – 12 million Africans exported from 1492 – 180817th – 18th centuriesVast majority to Caribbean, S. America~400,000 to N. America (and the majority after 1700)Source:
5 Chattel Slavery / Colonial Period first cargo of African slaves arrive in VA in 1619still, importing African slaves was expensiveChesapeake depended primarily upon indentured servants until introduction of “slave codes” through the Slave Act of 1705.Source:
6 Indentured Servitude / Colonial Period “white slaves”Voluntary debt bondage to pay for passageGranted land after 5-7 yrs.(if survived).“headright” system benefitted masters“freedom dues”: seeds, clothes, landChesapeake imported 100,000 by 1700hardened lot: discipline, scarce land/freedom dues; low wage hire-backsBut they were not slavesThe Planter owned the labor, not the bodySource:
15 Historian, Howard ZinnWhen it came to implementing the enslavement of Africans in the colonies, “Racism was not a natural reaction, but had to be instituted by the colonial governments”.
16 Virginia Slave CodesActivity: Document Shuffle Identify the Laws enacted by the Virginian Colonial Government. Why were they enacted? What do you think was the impact of these laws? Identify the economic, demographic, geographic, characteristics of the development of slavery from the documents and the Zinn readings.
17 Growth of the Black Population in Virginia 1625 – – – 2, – 3, – 16, – 26, – 30, – 60, – 210,000Source: Colonial Williamsburg
18 Characteristics Economic developments Demographic developments Shortage of indentured servantsGrowing European demand for colonial goodsDemographic developmentsLack of effective means to enslave native populationsEnglish colonies attracted males and femalesLittle intermingling/marriage = rigid racial hierarchyStrong belief in British racial, cultural superiorityGeographic developmentsAbundance and consolidation of landThriving tobacco, wheat plantations in SouthSource:
21 Slave RebellionsAfricans developed both overt and covert methods to resist the dehumanizing aspects of slavery1712 New York City slave revolt1739 Stono rebellion, largest before the Civil Warlater1831 Nat Turner rebellion