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Ch. 4: Slavery and Empire.

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Presentation on theme: "Ch. 4: Slavery and Empire."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ch. 4: Slavery and Empire

2 4.1: The Beginning of African Slavery

3 A. The Beginnings of African Slavery
Morally wrong to enslave Christians but not Muslims or Africans! Portugal's Legacy (1441) Africans capture slaves in exchange for goods Sugar most important commodity

4 4.2: The African Slave Trade

5 A. The Demography of the Slave Trade
Mostly went to the Caribbean; next Brazil 5% (600,000) to the US Mostly men 15-30 y/o


7 B. The Triangular Trade & Middle Passage

8 B. The Middle Passage Conditions & travel time? Once on land?

9 C. LTC on Africa Economically: Politically
economy suffers due to decrease population for employment Slaves for goods = bad deal Politically a. low resistance to 18th C colonization


11 4.3: Development of North American Slave Societies

12 A. Slavery Comes to North American
1619 first slaves in Virginia Chesapeake = From society w/slaves to a slave society Planter elite dominate lands Expensive upfront Slave codes (laws denying rights) Children slaves Christianity cannot save you Master can kill slave = murder

13 B. Slavery & the South

14 C. Slavery & the French Natchez Rebellion (1729) slave uprising
a. Natchez Indians and slave uprising b. Although put down, limited use of slavery until late 1700sa.

15 D. Slavery & the North Farming regions Port cities 1-2 craftsman
Quakers and slaves By 1758 Pa. Friends condemns slavery Push for abolishment

16 4.4: From African to African American

17 A. Contrast Northern and Southern Slaves
Middle Colonies Worked side by side w/owner Familial Live closer or with owner 2. South Harsher conditions Slave quarters Benefits of living on large plantation?


19 B. Families and Communities
No legal marriages Families on neighboring plantations Names influenced by both African and English traditions Emotional support by “family”

20 C. African American Culture
Music and dance Great Awakening Music feared by owners = codes Foods

21 C. Violence and Resistance
Fear used against slaves: psychologically, emotionally, socially Passive/aggressive slaves Runaways Revolting: Chesapeake and Stono The newer the slave… LTC? Harsher laws c. Which type of slave is more likely to revolt?


23 6.5: Slavery & Empire

24 A. How slavery grew the British Economy.
Slavery produced 95% of exports from Amer. to GB Increase in population = increase demand for goods Profits allowed for growth of other industries i.e.: banks & ins. co raw cotton = Industrial Revolution (IR) Impact Cotton gin

25 4.6: Slavery and Freedom “Freedom for white men based on the slavery of African Americans is the most important contradiction of American history.”

26 Social Structure: “White Privilege”

27 South v. North North Less cash crops=less slaves
Planter elite 60% of wealth Strategic marriages >100 slaves mansions Gov’t officials “stick together” Other 50%: Small farmers 1-4 slaves North Less cash crops=less slaves More diversified economy Gap between the have and have-nots much smaller

28 “White Skin Privilege”
Irrespective of wealth Race mixing illegal Did not apply to “masters” Sally Heming and Ann Dandridge

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