Presentation on theme: "Ch. 4: Slavery and Empire. 4.1: The Beginning of African Slavery."— Presentation transcript:
Ch. 4: Slavery and Empire
4.1: The Beginning of African Slavery
A. The Beginnings of African Slavery 1. Morally wrong to enslave Christians but not Muslims or Africans! 2. Portugal's Legacy (1441) a. Africans capture slaves in exchange for goods b. Sugar most important commodity
4.2: The African Slave Trade
A. The Demography of the Slave Trade 1. Mostly went to the Caribbean; next Brazil 2. 5% (600,000) to the US a. Mostly men b y/o
B. The Triangular Trade & Middle Passage
B. The Middle Passage 1. Conditions & travel time? 2. Once on land?
C. LTC on Africa 1. Economically: a. economy suffers due to decrease population for employment b. Slaves for goods = bad deal 2. Politically a. low resistance to 18 th C colonization
4.3: Development of North American Slave Societies
A. Slavery Comes to North American first slaves in Virginia 2. Chesapeake = a. From society w/slaves to a slave society b. Planter elite dominate lands c. Expensive upfront 3. Slave codes (laws denying rights) a. Children slaves b. Christianity cannot save you c. Master can kill slave = murder
B. Slavery & the South
C. Slavery & the French 1. Natchez Rebellion (1729) a. Natchez Indians and slave uprising b. Although put down, limited use of slavery until late 1700s a.
D. Slavery & the North 1. Farming regions 2. Port cities a. 1-2 b. craftsman 3. Quakers and slaves a. By 1758 Pa. Friends condemns slavery b. Push for abolishment
4.4: From African to African American
A. Contrast Northern and Southern Slaves 1. Middle Colonies a. Worked side by side w/owner b. Familial c. Live closer or with owner 2. South a. Harsher conditions b. Slave quarters c. Benefits of living on large plantation?
B. Families and Communities 1. No legal marriages 2. Families on neighboring plantations 3. Names influenced by both African and English traditions 4. Emotional support by family
C. African American Culture 1. Music and dance 2. Great Awakening 3. Music feared by owners = codes 4. Foods
C. Violence and Resistance 1. Fear used against slaves: psychologically, emotionally, socially 2. Passive/aggressive slaves 3. Runaways 4. Revolting: Chesapeake and Stono a.The newer the slave… b.LTC? Harsher laws c. Which type of slave is more likely to revolt?
6.5: Slavery & Empire
A. How slavery grew the British Economy. 1. Slavery produced 95% of exports from Amer. to GB 2. Increase in population = increase demand for goods 3. Profits allowed for growth of other industries i.e.: banks & ins. co 4. raw cotton = Industrial Revolution (IR) 5. Impact Cotton gin
4.6: Slavery and Freedom Freedom for white men based on the slavery of African Americans is the most important contradiction of American history.
Social Structure: White Privilege
South v. North South 1. Planter elite a. 60% of wealth b. Strategic marriages c. >100 slaves d. mansions 2. Govt officials 3. stick together 4. Other 50%: 1. Small farmers 1-4 slaves North 1. Less cash crops=less slaves 2. More diversified economy 3. Gap between the have and have- nots much smaller
White Skin Privilege 1. Irrespective of wealth 2. Race mixing illegal a. Did not apply to masters b. Sally Heming and Ann Dandridge