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Boating Skills And Seamanship 1 Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. The Rules Of The Nautical Road Chapter 6 Reprinted with permission.

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Presentation on theme: "Boating Skills And Seamanship 1 Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. The Rules Of The Nautical Road Chapter 6 Reprinted with permission."— Presentation transcript:

1 Boating Skills And Seamanship 1 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. The Rules Of The Nautical Road Chapter 6 Reprinted with permission from, A Cruising Guide to Puget Sound and the San Juan Islands, Second Edition by Michael Scherer

2 Boating Skills And Seamanship 2 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Lesson Objectives How Navigation Rules apply Differences between Inland and International Rules General Responsibility Rule Assessing Accident Liability Responsibility for helping others

3 Boating Skills And Seamanship 3 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Lesson Objectives (2) Safe conduct of your vessel Proper sound signals Proper light configurations Operation in restricted visibility What lights and shapes tell you Legal distress signals

4 Boating Skills And Seamanship 4 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Two Sets of Rules Why do we need Navigation Rules? Reprinted with permission from, A Cruising Guide to Puget Sound and the San Juan Islands, Second Edition by Michael Scherer

5 Boating Skills And Seamanship 5 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Two Sets of Rules for Navigable Waters Navigable Waters International Inland Sole State Waters

6 Boating Skills And Seamanship 6 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Two Sets of Rules What is the purpose and appearance of demarcation lines? Reprinted with permission from The Weekend Navigator by Bob Sweet

7 Boating Skills And Seamanship 7 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Vessel Definitions Who can tell the difference in the following: Sailing vessel Power driven vessel Seaplane

8 Boating Skills And Seamanship 8 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Vessel Definitions Underway Not anchored, grounded, made fast Adrift or Drifting Making way Being propelled Reprinted with permission from Seaworthy: Essential Lessons From Boat U.S. 20 year case file of things Gone Wrong by Robert Adriance

9 Boating Skills And Seamanship 9 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Vessel Definitions Fishing vessel Vessel restricted in ability to maneuver Vessel in sight of another Vessel not under command Vessel constrained by draft Reprinted with permission from Seaworthy: Essential Lessons From Boat U.S. 20 year case file of things Gone Wrong by Robert Adriance

10 Boating Skills And Seamanship 10 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Rule 2, General Responsibility Rule Rule of Good Seamanship Must follow the rules and practice good seamanship The General Prudential Rule In case of imminent danger of collision you must use good seamanship and take any action necessary to avoid the collision, even if it violates a navigation rule.

11 Boating Skills And Seamanship 11 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Assessing Legal Liability What do you think your responsibility is when involved in a collision?

12 Boating Skills And Seamanship 12 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Assessing Legal Liability All parties usually share responsibility for accident. You may be partly at fault, no matter what the other skipper does. If under the influence you will be partially at fault regardless of the cause.

13 Boating Skills And Seamanship 13 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. General Considerations Vessel size and rules Maintain a lookout Safe speed Radar at 20 knots at 40 knots at 60 knots Reprinted with permission from Fast Powerboat Seamanship by Dag Pike

14 Boating Skills And Seamanship 14 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Conduct in a Narrow Channel Who can recall some of the rules to observe when operating in a narrow channel? Reprinted with permission from Seaworthy: Essential Lessons From Boat U.S. 20 year case file of things Gone Wrong by Robert Adriance

15 Boating Skills And Seamanship 15 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Conduct in a Narrow Channel Keep to the right Don’t cross in path of another vessel. Don’t anchor except in an emergency. Vessel traveling with the current has the right of way (Inland Rules only)

16 Boating Skills And Seamanship 16 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Traffic Separation Schemes International Rules Vessel Traffic Services Reprinted with permission from A Cruising Guide to Puget Sound and the San Juan Islands Reprinted with permission from, A Cruising Guide to Puget Sound and the San Juan Islands, Second Edition by Michael Scherer

17 Boating Skills And Seamanship 17 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Stand On or Give Way Stand on vessel Give way vessel

18 Boating Skills And Seamanship 18 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Stand On or Give Way/Danger Zone Who can describe the three sectors on a vessel?

19 Boating Skills And Seamanship 19 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Stand On or Give Way Who is stand on when you see the following: Red/Green light together White light drawing closer Red light

20 Boating Skills And Seamanship 20 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Rules for Special Vessels Reprinted with permission from Rules of the Road and Running Light Patterns: A Captain’s Quic Guide by Charlie Wing

21 Boating Skills And Seamanship 21 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Rules for Special Vessels Overtaking and Overtaken Vessels Overtaken vessel Sailing vessel Seaplanes

22 Boating Skills And Seamanship 22 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Rules for Special Vessels Sailing Vessel is give way if Wind on port side Windward of another Reprinted with permission from Rules of the Road and Running Light Patterns: A Captain’s Quic Guide by Charlie Wing

23 Boating Skills And Seamanship 23 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Risk of Collision Constant bearing + decreasing range = collision course Make course change large enough to be evident (at least 60 degrees)

24 Boating Skills And Seamanship 24 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Risk of Collision Sound Signals SHORT BLAST (1 Sec) A MANEUVERING SIGNAL PROLONGED BLAST (4-6 Sec) ALSO A MANEUVERING SIGNAL ATTENTION GETTER, USE WHEN: LEAVING A DOCK APPROACHING SHARP BEND IN FOG OR RESTRICTED VISIBILITY

25 Boating Skills And Seamanship 25 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Risk of Collision Lights Sound signals Intl & Inland different words, same result 1 short pass with you on my port 2 short pass you on my starboard 3 short operating in reverse 5 or more short danger/doubt International meeting Signal action I’m taking No response required unless danger/doubt Inland meeting Signal intention Respond same if agree, danger/doubt if not

26 Boating Skills And Seamanship 26 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Reprinted with permission from Federal Requirements & Safety Tips for Recreational Boats, U.S. Coast Guard Office of Boating Safety Risk of Collision Meeting Head-on / nearly so No right-of-way Port-to-port preferred Crossing Side light visible Right’s right - pass astern Overtaking No side lights visible Overtaking - stay clear Prefer overtaken vessel on port

27 Boating Skills And Seamanship 27 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Risk of Collision Crossing Situations Crossing signals Crossing in International Waters Crossing in Inland Waters Reprinted with permission from Federal Requirements & Safety Tips for Recreational Boats, U.S. Coast Guard Office of Boating Safety

28 Boating Skills And Seamanship 28 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Reprinted with permission from Federal Requirements & Safety Tips for Recreational Boats, U.S. Coast Guard Office of Boating Safety Risk of Collision Overtaking Situations Inland Waters International Waters Narrow channel –Signal Intention –Sound two prolonged blasts before either one or two short blasts –Response for agree is “C” (Clear) regardless of side. Prolong, short, prolong, short.

29 Boating Skills And Seamanship 29 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Risk of Collision Bend signals Who can tell us what signals are used when nearing a bend when your view may be restricted?

30 Boating Skills And Seamanship 30 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Restricted Visibility What should a boater do when there is restricted visibility?

31 Boating Skills And Seamanship 31 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Restricted Visibility Go slowly; no one has right of way Use sound signals Post added outlooks Use radar if available to target objects

32 Boating Skills And Seamanship 32 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Restricted Visibility Sound signals underway Power driven making way 1 prolonged blast every 2 minutes Power driven adrift 2 prolonged blasts every 2 minutes Power driven other circumstances and Sail driven making way 1 prolonged 2 short blasts every 2 minutes

33 Boating Skills And Seamanship 33 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Restricted Visibility Sound signals not underway Anchor in open water Vessel aground Special anchorages

34 Boating Skills And Seamanship 34 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Sound signals not underway Anchor: 12 meters or greater – ring bell rapidly for 5 seconds every one minutes. Less than 12 meters – make sound every 2 minutes. 100 meters or more – bell in forepart followed by gong in aft part every one minute. May also sound one short, one prolonged and 1 short whistle. Aground: Same as at anchor with 3 distinct strokes of bell immediately before and after rapid ringing of bell. Special anchorage: vessels less than 20 meters do not sound signals.

35 Boating Skills And Seamanship 35 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Vessel Lights and Shapes What kinds of information do lights and day shapes on boats provide? Light TypeArc On - Diagram

36 Boating Skills And Seamanship 36 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Vessel Lights and Shapes Sailing vessels underway Separate lights Combined side lights Alternative lights – less than 20 meters Using both power and sail Optional all-round mast lights under sail Sailing vessel less than 7 meters and row boat Reprinted with permission from Federal Requirements & Safety Tips for Recreational Boats, U.S. Coast Guard Office of Boating Safety

37 Boating Skills And Seamanship 37 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Vessel Lights and Shapes Power driven underway Less than 20 meters long 12 meters or more 50 meters or more Reprinted with permission from Federal Requirements & Safety Tips for Recreational Boats, U.S. Coast Guard Office of Boating Safety

38 Boating Skills And Seamanship 38 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Vessel Lights and Shapes Special lights and shapes Fishing vessels Restricted in ability to navigate Constrained by draft (Intl. rule) Towing vessels Other special vessels

39 Boating Skills And Seamanship 39 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Vessel Lights and Shapes Fishing: dragging nets – 2 all-round lights in vertical line –green over white. Day shapes, 2 cones in vertical line with apexes touching. Not trawling - 2 all-round lights in vertical line, red over white. Restricted in ability to maneuver. (i) two all-round red lights or two balls in a vertical line to indicate the side on which the obstruction exists; (ii) two all-round green lights or two diamonds in a vertical line to indicate the side on which another vessel may pass; (iii) when at anchor, the lights or shapes prescribed in this paragraph instead of the lights or shape prescribed in Rule 30. Constrained by draft – Intl. rule only. 3 red all-round lights vertically stacked. Day – black cylinder. Towing astern – Power driven – 2 mast head lights in vertical line and yellow towing light above white stern light. Over 200 meters – 3 vertical mast head lights and diamond shape in day. Special vessels Law enforcement – blue flashing light. Public safety activities – red and yellow flashing light.

40 Boating Skills And Seamanship 40 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Vessel Lights and Shapes Vessels at anchor Who remembers what lights a vessel at anchor has and what day shapes are displayed? Reprinted with permission from Federal Requirements & Safety Tips for Recreational Boats, U.S. Coast Guard Office of Boating Safety

41 Boating Skills And Seamanship 41 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Vessel Lights and Shapes at Anchor Less than 50 meters long all-round white light in forepart. Day shape – ball 50 meters or longer an additional all-round white light near its stern lower than the forward light. All may show deck lights. 100 meters or more must show deck lights

42 Boating Skills And Seamanship 42 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Vessel Lights and Shapes Diving operations What lights does a vessel engaged in diving operations show? Reprinted with permission from Federal Requirements & Safety Tips for Recreational Boats, U.S. Coast Guard Office of Boating Safety

43 Boating Skills And Seamanship 43 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Distress Signals Who remembers some of the distress signals?

44 Boating Skills And Seamanship 44 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Distress Signals Mayday on radio, Morse Code signal SOS Gun fires, continuous sounding of fog horn. Black square & ball on orange background, Code flags N and C., flames on vessel, rocket parachute flare, red star shells. Smoke signal, raising of arms outstretched, radio telephone alarm, EPIRB signal.

45 Boating Skills And Seamanship 45 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Homeland Security Measures WATCH

46 Boating Skills And Seamanship 46 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Drawbridges Limitations Signals

47 Boating Skills And Seamanship 47 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Penalties You can be fined for not obeying the rules


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