Presentation on theme: "Skysail IRPCS Training 1 of 63 Colregs - IRPCS - Collision Regs Test yourself online RYA Day Skipper and Yachtmaster International Regulations for Preventing."— Presentation transcript:
Skysail IRPCS Training 2 of 63 Day Skipper Colregs Before the detailed Collision Regs examples, there is a short section on what you need to know for the RYA Day Skipper course. The full text of IRPCS is here: http://www.btinternet.com/~keith.bater/irpcs_colregs_complete.htm
Skysail IRPCS Training 3 of 63 Day Skipper - Colregs 2 General Rules for Priority: 1. Not Under Command 2. Restricted Ability to Manoeuvre 3. Constrained by Draught 4. Fishing 5. Sail 6. Motor (including motor sailing) Tugs are treated as motor vessels, unless they are also RAM or CBD Exceptions to General Rules: Narrow channels Traffic Separation Schemes. Overtaking boats keep clear - sail and power. Sailing Rules 1. Starboard tack boat 2. Port tack boat Sailing boats on the same tack: Windward boat keeps clear. Motoring Rules Boats meeting head on - both turn to starboard. If two power vessels are crossing, the boat which has the other on her own starboard side shall keep out of the way.
Skysail IRPCS Training 4 of 63 Day Skipper Colregs 3 What is the meaning of this sign? Vessel at anchor Keep a good lookout at all times by all possible means What are the rules concerning lookout? Do the words ‘Right of Way’ appear in the Rules? What is the meaning of this flag ? Diver down Keep well clear at slow speed No
Skysail IRPCS Training 5 of 63 Day Skipper Colregs Sailing vessel Motor sailing What is the meaning of this sign? Vessel fishing Head on: Turn to Starboard Keep to Starboard side of channel Converging: Boat on right stands on B goes behind, slows down or stops Two motor boats meet head on, what action is required? Two motor boats converge B A
Skysail IRPCS Training 6 of 63 Day Skipper Colregs 5 give type of vessel, size and aspect What vessel carries these lights? Motor vessel What vessel carries this light? Sailing Port side What vessel carries this light? Stern light - any vessel Vessel at anchor Small craft Over 50m long from ahead
Skysail IRPCS Training 7 of 63 Overtaking - Rule 13 When is a vessel overtaking? A planing sailing dinghy is overtaking a motor cruiser. Which keeps clear? Any overtaking vessel must keep clear When it is approaching from an angle more than 22.5º abaft the beam of another vessel (ie in the arc of the stern light). 22.5º
Skysail IRPCS Training 8 of 63 Rule Which vessels can you distinguish as either ‘under way’ or ‘making way’ at night? 1. Not Under Command 2. Restricted Ability to Manœuvre 3. Fishing All other vessels can only be identified as ‘under way’ at night.
Skysail IRPCS Training 9 of 63 Rule How do vessels at night indicate they are making way? Not Under Command: shows side and stern lights NB no steaming light at masthead. Restricted Ability to Manœuvre, and Fishing: show side lights, stern lights and masthead (steaming) lights.
Skysail IRPCS Training 10 of 63 Rule Which vessels can only be distinguished as ‘under way’ at night? 1. Sail 2. Power 3. Constrained By Draught 4. Pilot Define Tugs as ‘Towing’.
Skysail IRPCS Training 11 of 63 Definitions - Rule 21 Match the lights listed to their arcs of visibility: Masthead light, Sidelight, Stern light, All round light 360º 112.5º on each side of bow 112.5º on one side of bow only 67.5º on each side of stern All-round light Masthead light Side light Stern light (overtaking sector is 22.5 º aft of the beam)
Skysail IRPCS Training 12 of 63 Rule 24 What additional lights are shown by a tug with: length of tow 200m or less length of tow greater than 200m? One additional masthead light. Yellow towing light at the stern Two additional masthead lights Yellow towing light at the stern
Skysail IRPCS Training 13 of 63 Rule 24 What lights are shown by a vessel being towed? Sidelights and a Sternlight (Same as a sailing vessel, ie no power)
Skysail IRPCS Training 14 of 63 Fishing Vessels - Rule 26 What additional lights must a vessel engaged in trawling show at night? What shape must it show by day? All-round green over all-round white Two cones, apex together
Skysail IRPCS Training 15 of 63 Rule 26 What additional lights must a vessel engaged in fishing other than trawling show at night? When its gear extends more than 150m to the side what further additional light and shape must it show? All-round white light in the direction of the gear All-round red over all round white
Skysail IRPCS Training 16 of 63 Rule 27 What additional lights are shown by a vessel not under command? What shape does it show by day? Two all-round red lights Two balls in a vertical line
Skysail IRPCS Training 17 of 63 Vessels not under command or restricted in ability to manoeuvre - Rule 27 What additional lights are shown by a vessel restricted in its ability to manœuvre? What shapes does it show by day? All-round red, white, red in a vertical line Ball, diamond, ball in a vertical line 1 metre apart
Skysail IRPCS Training 18 of 63 Rule 27 What lights and shapes are shown by a vessel engaged in dredging or underwater operations to show which side to pass? The safe side? Unsafe: two 360º red lights vertical Two balls vertically Safe: two 360 º green lights vertical Two diamonds vertical
Skysail IRPCS Training 19 of 63 Rule 27 What additional lights are shown by a minesweeper at work? What shapes by day? Three all-round green lights, one at the masthead and one at the end of each yard Three balls located as above
Skysail IRPCS Training 20 of 63 Rule 28 What additional lights are shown by a vessel constrained by her draught? What shape is shown by day? Three all-round red lights A cylinder 1m x 2m
Skysail IRPCS Training 21 of 63 Rule 29 What additional lights are shown by a vessel on pilot duty? What will the pilot vessel show by day? What sound signals are made by a pilot vessel on duty All-round white over all-round red Flag ‘H’ Four short blasts ( Morse ‘H’ )
Skysail IRPCS Training 22 of 63 Rule 30 What lights are shown by vessels less than 50m in length at anchor? What shape by day? What additional light is shown at anchor by a vessel > 50m long? All-round white light forward A ball forward An all-round white light low down near the stern > 50 m port aspect
Skysail IRPCS Training 23 of 63 Rule 30 What lights are shown by vessels aground? What shape by day? Three balls in a vertical line Anchor lights plus two vertical all-round red lights Port side > 50m)
Skysail IRPCS Training 24 of 63 Manœuvring and Warning Signals - Rule 34 When a vessel makes the following sound signals in good visibility what do they mean? One short blast Two short blasts Three short blasts Five or more short rapid blasts I am altering course to starboard I am altering course to port I am operating astern propulsion What are your intentions
Skysail IRPCS Training 25 of 63 Manœuvring and Warning Signals - Rule 34 What do the following signals mean when made between vessels in a narrow channel? One long blast Two long followed by one short blast Two long followed by two short blasts One long, one short, one long & one short I intend to overtake on your starboard side I intend to overtake on your port side ‘Affirmative’ (by vessel being overtaken) Vessels approaching blind bend (here I come sounding one)
Skysail IRPCS Training 26 of 63 Manœuvring and Warning Signals - Rule 35 What sounds should the following vessels make in restricted visibility? A vessel not under command A vessel restricted in ability to manoeuvre A vessel constrained by draught A fishing vessel A sailing vessel A tug One long followed by two short blasts every 2 mins
Skysail IRPCS Training 27 of 63 Manœuvring and Warning Signals - Rule 35 What sounds should the following vessels make in restricted visibility? Power vessel making way Power driven vessel stopped, not making way A vessel constrained by draught A sailing vessel A Pilot boat on duty One long blast every 2 minutes Two long blasts every 2 minutes One long followed by two short every 2 mins Four short blasts (in addition to one long blast for a motor vessel)
Skysail IRPCS Training 28 of 63 Manœuvring and Warning Signals - Rule 35 In fog, you hear one long blast followed by three short. What is it? In fog, you hear a bell rung rapidly for 5 seconds. What is it? In fog, you hear this signal. What is it? A vessel under tow (last vessel in tow) A vessel less than 100m long at anchor Warning of collision - signal by vessel at anchor
Skysail IRPCS Training 29 of 63 Manœuvring and Warning Signals - Rule 35 In fog, you hear one long blast followed by three short. What is it? In fog, you hear a bell rung rapidly for 5 seconds, then a gong, every minute. What is it? A vessel under tow (last vessel in tow) A vessel >100m long at anchor Forward Aft
Skysail IRPCS Training 30 of 63 Distress Signals - Rule 37 What are the International Distress signals?
Skysail IRPCS Training 31 of 63 More IRPCS Test Questions In the questions that follow, give all possible information: Type of vessel (NUC, RAM, CBD etc) Power or sail Under way or making way Length Aspect (starboard, port, stern, bow) Length of tug and Length of tow It can help to draw up a table like this, and complete all possible items Vessel typePower / sailLengthAspectUnderway Making way Tug Tow
Skysail IRPCS Training 32 of 63 More IRPCS Test Questions You see a single white light. What is it? (3 answers) 1.The stern light of another boat 2.An anchor light 3.A light shown by a vessel < 7m and < 7 knots eg a small motor boat or dinghy with a torch
Skysail IRPCS Training 33 of 63 More IRPCS Test Questions When does a sailing vessel on starboard tack give way to another vessel? 1. When it is overtaking boat 2. When it is to windward of another boat on starboard tack 3. When it meets another vessel which is NUC, RAM, CBD, Fishing. 4. When it meets a motor vessel which can only navigate within a narrow channel, or in a Traffic Separation Scheme.
Skysail IRPCS Training 34 of 63 More IRPCS Test Questions What vessel shows the following lights? Motor vessel > 50m long Bow aspect Constrained by Draught Under way
Skysail IRPCS Training 35 of 63 More IRPCS Test Questions What vessel shows the following lights? Length not known Vessel Not under command Starboard aspect Making way
Skysail IRPCS Training 36 of 63 More Colregs Test Questions What vessel shows the following lights? Length not known Vessel Trawling Stern aspect Making way
Skysail IRPCS Training 37 of 63 More Colregs Test Questions What vessel shows the following lights? Length not known Vessel towing Stern aspect
Skysail IRPCS Training 38 of 63 More Colregs Test Questions What vessel shows the following lights? Sailing Vessel Under way Starboard aspect Length < 20m
Skysail IRPCS Training 39 of 63 More IRPCS Test Questions What vessel shows the following lights? Vessel at anchor Length > 50m Starboard aspect
Skysail IRPCS Training 40 of 63 More Collision Regs questions Vessel towing. Length over 50m. Port side. Tow less than 200 metres long Vessel towing, length under 50m. Starboard side Tow over 200 metres long What vessel carries these lights?
Skysail IRPCS Training 41 of 63 More IRPCS Test Questions What is meant by the following sound signals?? Motor vessel – stopped in restricted visibility Additional warning – vessel anchored in restricted visibility My engines are in astern propulsion Pilot vessel – making way in fog I intend to overtake to starboard I intend to overtake to port Affirmative
Skysail IRPCS Training 42 of 63 Colregs, IRPCS, International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea