Presentation on theme: "A GEOGRAPHICAL REVIEW OF THE INDUSTRIAL TERRITORY BY: LORENZO GUTIERREZ."— Presentation transcript:
A GEOGRAPHICAL REVIEW OF THE INDUSTRIAL TERRITORY BY: LORENZO GUTIERREZ
VOCABULARY Raw Materials- wood, iron, plants, metals, etc. Material Goods- goods made from raw materials. Providing services- the ability to provide a service or product in the way that it has been promised. Revenue- income; when of a company or organization and of a substantial nature. Profit- a financial gain. Urbanization- the condition of being urbanized. Labour- a social class comprising those who do manual labor or work. Infrastructure- the basic physical and organizational facilities (e.g. buildings, roads, and power supplies). Life expectancy- the average period that a person may expect to live. Literacy rate- in economics, the literacy rate is the proportion of the population over age fifteen (15) that can read and write.
IMPORTANT NOTE #001 An industrial territory is a space organized around the many factories that impact the economy, people, and landscapes of a city/region. Industrial territories have positive and negative impacts on the environment. &
IMPORTANT NOTE #002 Economy= 3 sectors, 1 st sector= Primary sector, 2 nd sector= secondary sector, and the 3 rd sector= Tertiary sector. Primary= Works with raw materials (ex. Lumberjack). Secondary= Products, material goods (ex. Paper). Tertiary= Market, providing services (ex. Bureau en Gros).
IMPORTANT NOTE #003 Primary= Works with raw materials (ex. Lumberjack). Secondary= Products, material goods (ex. Paper). Tertiary= Market, providing services (ex. Bureau en Gros).
IMPORTANT NOTE #004 Industrialization began in Europe (Great Britain) around 1750.
IMPORTANT NOTE #005 Technology plays an important role in industry since PRODUCTIVITY IS INCREASED. This means factories could produce “with greater speed, efficiency, and precision, larger amounts of goods at a lower cost.”
IMPORTANT NOTE #006 On September 4 th, 1892 in New York, the world’s first electric plant was able to supply electricity to about sixty (60) residential, commercial, and industrial customers.
IMPORTANT NOTE #007 Using a simple cable, energy was delivered to factories instantly, which was much more efficient process then transporting coal, a bulky, heavy resource.
IMPORTANT NOTE #008 The two following inventions, the computer and the first power plant changed a lot by making things run more faster and making work easier for the workers.
IMPORTANT NOTE #009 Like all businesses, industrial companies are looking for returns, in other words, profits. The following formula allows us to calculate profits: revenues from sales – production costs= profits.
IMPORTANT NOTE #010 Companies look for maximum returns by aiming for high sales revenues and the lowest possible production costs. To do this, they must take into account the cost of the necessary resources (raw materials, energy sources, labor, etc.) in order to produce goods that meet consumers’ need. Choosing a good site contributes to increasing a company’s returns.
IMPORTANT NOTE #011 One effective way to make a company’s activities profitable consists of choosing the most advantageous location, according to the resources needed for production. A single factor may be decisive, but the company may also look for a combination of two or more factors.
IMPORTANT NOTE #012 LOCATION FACTOR: ENERGY FACTOR: RAW MATERIALS: TRANSPORTATION MARKETS: LABOUR: Type of Company Aluminum smelter: Paper manufacturer: A refinery: Agri-food: Electronic equipment: Justification Electricity Trees Space Time Recruit specialized labour
IMPORTANT NOTE #013 Some government programs (subsidies, low income tax rates, tax exemptions, etc.) constitute incentive measures that influence companies when it comes time to choose a site.
IMPORTANT NOTE #014 In Europe, at the turn of the 21 st century, Ireland had the lowest tax rate: 12.5%. In 2005, over 1000 foreign companies, employing nearly 130 000 people, choose to locate there to benefit from this low rate.
IMPORTANT NOTE #015 The industrial sector promotes the development of many other sectors. For example, the automobile industry brought about the construction of huge road networks. It also meant the creation of service stations, repair centers, car washes, and automotive scrapyards. Moreover, the automobile industry enabled the development of many businesses in the tertiary sector, such as insurance companies, driving schools, etc.