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Domestic Violence Issues for Occupational Health Nursing Michele M. Lawson, RN, MSN, COHN-S.

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Presentation on theme: "Domestic Violence Issues for Occupational Health Nursing Michele M. Lawson, RN, MSN, COHN-S."— Presentation transcript:

1 Domestic Violence Issues for Occupational Health Nursing Michele M. Lawson, RN, MSN, COHN-S

2 Objectives Identify seven types of domestic violence. Compare Power and Control Wheel with Cycle of Abuse. Discuss characteristics of batterers and victims. Apply screening techniques to the occupational setting. Recognize appropriate community resources for victims.

3 Domestic Violence CBS news report

4 Types Physical Verbal Emotional Sexual Financial Spiritual Economical

5 Cycle of Abuse Tensions Building IncidentReconciliation Calm

6 Power and Control Board room commercial Domestic Abuse Intervention Project

7 Characteristics of Victims Bureau of Justice Statistics Intimate Partner Violence in the U.S.: Victim Characteristics Bureau of Justice Statistics Intimate Partner Violence in the U.S.: Victim Characteristics Female years Lower income Lower education level

8 Men are Not Exempt Homosexual relationships Elder abuse Some violent women

9 Characteristics of Batterers 80-90% are male years (teenagers are not innocent) Some have prior nonviolent/violent offense Usually known because of prior DV calls to police Alcohol and drugs in majority of cases Mental illness not a factor May have multiple victims Likely to abuse again depending on measures taken usually within 6 months

10 High Risk Situations Pregnancy Victims attempt to leave the abuse Just out of prison or off probation

11 “I just want the violence to stop” Victims may not want to leave – FEAR – Children – Financial – Ability to provide/survive on their own Repeat abuse incidents

12 Navigating the System Criminal Civil Both? – Language barriers – Court appearances – Transportation – Cost for services and time off work

13 Safety Planning Key documents for victim/children – SS card – Birth certificates – Passports/DL Unpaid bills Mortgage or rental agreement Money Keys Safe home/shelter Address book

14 Screening in the Workplace What policies are already in place? Is there management support? Development of policies: A Team approach – HR – Safety – Management – OHN Implementation of policy – Getting the information to the employees – Screening during annual exams

15 What to ask? Verbally not on a form! Have you been hit, kicked, slapped, punched, or in any other way physically abused? Do you now or have you felt threatened by your intimate partner? Do you have or know resources that you can access? (No matter what the answer, providing this information may be the first step to helping.)

16 Who to ask? Every client, consistently. Not everyone will exhibit “typical” victim characteristics If all employees are screened at annual visit, no one is singled out or missed

17 “Yes” Responses Always provide resources!!! He or she may not be ready to leave now

18 Providing Power & Control STOP the SILENCE Australian Domestic Violence Video

19 Toolkit National Advisory Council on Violence creatingsolutions.pdf creatingsolutions.pdf

20 Resources Violence Against Women Violence Prevention web site – World Health Organization – e/en/index.htm Violence Prevention Alliance –

21 Local Resources SAFE Homes-Rape Crisis Coalition – 236 Union Street, Spartanburg, SC – or – Spartanburg Public Safety Domestic Violence Task Force – Hispanic Outreach of South Carolina, Inc. –

22 Local Resources Pee Dee Coalition Against Domestic and Sexual Assault – Sistercare, Inc. (Columbia) – My Sister’s House (Charleston) – SafeHarbor (Upstate/Greenville) –

23 State Resources (cont.) South Carolina Centers for Equal Justice – Carolina Counseling (Batterer’s Counseling) – South Carolina Coalition Against Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault (SCCADVASA) –

24 National Domestic Violence Hotline SAFE

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26 Contact Information Michele M. Lawson


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