Presentation on theme: "IPv6 and.HK Ben Lee HKIRC 01 March 2010. 2 Agenda 1. Why IPv6 for.hk 2. Roadmap of IPv6 deployment 3. Current status 4. Considerations 5. Further work."— Presentation transcript:
2 Agenda 1. Why IPv6 for.hk 2. Roadmap of IPv6 deployment 3. Current status 4. Considerations 5. Further work
Why IPv6 for.hk? DNS is one of the most important applications of the Internet IPv6-readiness of.hk is a pre-requisite of Hong Kong Internet IPv6 deployment ccTLDs should avoid becoming the critical path to IPv6 deployment in the region Be one of the first example to use IPv6 and raise awareness with the community Promote the use of IPv6 3
.hk Roadmap of IPv6 deployment 1. DNS resolution - Post the AAAA records and incrementally add IPv6 connectivity to some (not necessary all) DNS and 2. DN Registration - update registration applications to accept IPv6 glue addresses from registrants 3. Infrastructure – Set up a site with IPv6 transit 4. Registry tools – provide website, WHOIS, EPP/API over IPv6 transit 4
.hk DNS with IPv6 connectivity >dig @a.root-servers.net. any hk. … snip … ;; ADDITIONAL SECTION: b.dns.tw. 172800 IN A 220.127.116.11 b.dns.tw. 172800 IN AAAA 2404:0:10a0::58 ns1.hkirc.net.hk. 172800 IN A 18.104.22.168 ns2.cuhk.edu.hk. 172800 IN A 22.214.171.124 ns2.cuhk.edu.hk. 172800 IN AAAA 2405:3000:3:60::21 ns2.hkirc.net.hk. 172800 IN A 126.96.36.199 ns3.cuhk.edu.hk. 172800 IN A 188.8.131.52 sec3.apnic.net. 172800 IN A 184.108.40.206 sec3.apnic.net. 172800 IN AAAA 2001:dc0:1:0:4777::140 adns1.berkeley.edu. 172800 IN A 220.127.116.11 adns2.berkeley.edu. 172800 IN A 18.104.22.168 hk-ns.pch.net. 172800 IN A 22.214.171.124 ;; Query time: 28 msec ;; SERVER: 126.96.36.199#53(a.root-servers.net.) ;; WHEN: Tue Feb 23 16:02:29 2010 ;; MSG SIZE rcvd: 465 5
IPv6 capable DNS software BIND Resolver & Server BIND 9 - http://www.isc.org/products/BIND/ NSD Authoritative server only http://www.nlnetlabs.nl/nsd/ Microsoft Windows Resolver & Server Windows Server 2008 R2, 2008, 2003 Windows 7, Vista, XP SP2 6
.hk now accepts IPv6 glue records Add or Modify DN Host (Panel: Registrant, Reseller, Registry, Registrar and API ) 7
.hk now accepts IPv6 glue records Allow input of IPv4 or IPv6 addresses 8 IPv4 IPv6
Considerations - DNS IPv6 Operational Guidelines Defined in RFC3901 All recursive name servers should be IPv4 only or dual stack hosts All zones should be served by at least one authoritative IPv4 capable host 9
Considerations – DNS packet size Size of response packet becomes larger UDP packet size 512 bytes not all support EDNS0 the additional section of the response may be truncated Some clients may fallback to TCP, hence network and server loading may increase 10
Considerations – DNS packet size Minimize the number of name servers use anycast technology, one host name actually supported by multiple servers (technical setup with a cost) Utilize the name compression of name servers rename existing servers to shorter similar names e.g. a.nic.hk, b.nic.hk, c.nic.hk, … 11
Future works Add more.hk DNS with IPv6 Implement IPv6 in secondary site to support additional Internet services (Websites, WHOIS, API, EPP, Email) Implement IPv6 in office to test IPv6 Internet services Implement IPv6 in primary site Measure the usage of IPv6 in.hk 12
15 Disclaimer This document carries no legal authority. The arrangement mentioned in this document is subject to change at any time by HKDNR and shall not be deemed to be the final arrangement. Hong Kong Domain Name Registration Company Limited shall not be held responsible for any consequences caused by any omissions, inaccuracies or future changes of the arrangement.
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