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1 Logback project Ceki Gülcü & Sébastien Pennec. 2 ~ No revolution, only evolution. log4j is no longer being actively developed The same basic plumbing.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Logback project Ceki Gülcü & Sébastien Pennec. 2 ~ No revolution, only evolution. log4j is no longer being actively developed The same basic plumbing."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Logback project Ceki Gülcü & Sébastien Pennec

2 2 ~ No revolution, only evolution. log4j is no longer being actively developed The same basic plumbing only done better. Faster, smaller, higher gas mileage, and generally more bang for the buck.

3 3 Modular architecture logback-core Joran, Status, Context, pattern parsing logback-classic developer logging logback-access container (access) logging

4 4 Access Logging Definition: Access log The log generated when a user accesses a web-page on a web server. Logback-access integrates seamlessly with Jetty and Tomcat

5 5 logback-classic implements SLF4J Logback offers a native implementation of the SLF4J API => Logback exposes its logging API through SLF4J. If you are using logback, you are actually using SLF4J SLF4J can delegate to log4j, logback, java.util.logging or JCL SLF4J can bridge log4j, JCL and j.u.l.

6 6 Joran: a bowl of fresh air Given rules (patterns & actions) it can configure any object. Joran can learn new rules on the fly. With its implicit rules, you don’t even have to write rules. It can do partial replay. It is generic (can be used in your own projects)

7 7 Configuration example: logFile.log logFile.%d{yyyy-MM-dd}.log.zip %d{HH:mm:ss,SSS} [%thread] %-5level %logger{22} - %msg%n

8 8 Logback-access configuration access.log" access.%d{yyyy-MM-dd}.log.zip combined

9 9 Another example: 5 minutes jndi://com.wombat/ds" 60 seconds c:/wombat/foo.properties

10 10 Is Joran for me? Joran is ideal for building frameworks which need to support arbitrary user- developed plug-ins.

11 11 Internal error reporting Who shall guard the guards? Logback modules cannot use logging to report their own state. Something more generic is needed.

12 12 Errors in action Internal state available via StatusManager Exceptions and status messages accompanied by references, i.e. URLs, to external documents

13 13 JMX Logback configuration can be reloaded via JMX Statistical results exposed via JMX

14 14 Documentation Major area of effort. Complete manual, with over 150 pages of documentation, is available for free A short introduction to access logging with logback-access and Jetty javadoc, FAQ, error codes,…

15 15 Filters, Filters. Filters everywhere Filters attachable to any Appender Evaluator filters Janino filters for evaluation based on java expressions TurboFilters for optimized global processing

16 16 EvaluatorFilter & Janino logger.contains("LoggingTask") && message.contains("Howdydy-diddly-ho") && (timeStamp-loggerContext.getBirthTime()) >= DENY 512

17 17 TurboFilters userid sebastien ACCEPT

18 18 Parameterized logging Integer entry = new Interger(50); logger.debug("The entry is "+entry+"."); can be optimized as: if(logger.isDebugEnabled()) { logger.debug("The entry is "+entry+"."); } or better yet: logger.debug("The entry is {}.", entry);

19 19 Markers for specialized handling Markers are metadata for logging statements, coloring them for specialized processing

20 20 SiftingAppender or the appender- making appender Sift logging according to runtime attributes E.g. separate logs according to user sessions, so that the log file generated by every user go into distinct log files, one log file per user. Works with any appender, not just FileAppender

21 21 SiftingAppender (continued) userid unknown ${userid}.log s false %d %level %mdc %logger - %msg%n

22 22 Tested & Ready Battery of over 450 unit tests Tests written concomitantly with the code

23 23 Package versions in stack traces java.lang.NullPointerException at com.xyz.Wombat(Wombat.java:57) ~[wombat-1.3.jar:1.3] at com.xyz.Wombat(Wombat.java:76) ~[wombat-1.3.jar:1.3] at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native) ~[na:1.5.0_06] at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:585) ~[na:1.5.0_06] at junit.runners.TestMethod.invoke(TestMethod.java:59) [junit-4.4.jar:na] etc..

24 24 logger name abbreviation Conversion specifier Displayed logger name %logger mainPackage.sub.sample.Bar %logger{15} m.s.sample.Bar

25 25 Odds and ends RollingFileAppender automatic file compression the background FileAppender and RollingFileAppender allow for the same log file to be written to by instances located in different JVMs 10 fold improvement in the speed of transporting logging events over the wire SMTPAppender now does TLS and SSL, subject line in outgoing now based on PatternLayout

26 26 Odds and ends II %() in pattern strings can do magic %-50(%d %level [%thread]) - %m%n DuplicateMessage filter

27 27 Odds and ends II %() in pattern strings can do magic %-50(%d %level [%thread]) - %m%n DuplicateMessage filter

28 28 Plans for the near future Finer threading model leading to less contention Better documentation Eclipse plug-in to visualize your logs

29 29 Conclusion Logback is the unofficial successor of log4j, as the latter is no longer being actively developed.

30 30 Questions? read the docs at study the code at write to us at file a bug report at chat with us at irc.freenode.net#qos talk to us at


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