Presentation on theme: "Investigating for S Grade."— Presentation transcript:
1 Investigating for S Grade. Practise Topics for Candidates at F/G/C Levels.
2 Topic to be Investigated – Why do Some People find it hard to get a Job?
3 Creating a Hypothesis to investigate the Topic. At Credit candidates will be asked to create a hypothesis to investigate the TopicTopic: Why do Some People find it hard to get a Job?A hypothesis is a sentence never a questionIt is something you can prove to be true or false
4 Creating Aims to investigate your Hypothesis. At General & Credit you will be asked to create 2 Aims or Headings to investigate the topic & prove your hypothesis.Hypothesis – Older workers find it harder to get a job because their skills are out-of-date.An Aim is often a question e.g.Why do older workers have out-of-date skills?What do employers think about older workers & their skills?
5 Hypothesis & Aims about Older Workers Older workers find it harder to get a job because their skills are out-of-date.Aims.Why are older people’s skills out-of-date?What do employers; feel about employing older workers?
6 Hypothesis & Aims about Young Workers Younger workers find it harder to get a job because they lack the skills & experience.Aims.Why do young workers lack skills & experience?What can young workers do to get more experience?
7 Hypothesis & Aims about Disabled Workers Disabled workers may find it harder to get a job because they have poorer health & are absent from work a lot.AimsWhy are disabled workers absent from work a lot?Why do disabled workers have poorer health?
8 Hypothesis & Aims about Mothers with Young Children. Mothers with young children find it harder to get a job because they only want to work during school hours.Aims.Why can mothers with dependent children not work shifts?Why do mothers want to work locally?
9 Hypothesis & Aims about Ethnic Workers Ethnic minority workers might find it hard to get a job due to poor education & lack of skills or qualifications.Aims.Why do ethnic workers have poor qualifications?Why do ethnic workers often have a poor education?
10 Methods to investigate Aims. What method is appropriate (suitable) to investigate one of your stated aims?You must state a method which is suitable for that topic e.g. a visit to Africa would not be possible but interviewing someone who worked for an Aid Agency there or using a UK Government or Aid Agency web site might be good methods to get relevant up-to-date information for your investigation.You will be asked to explain why it is appropriateYou will be asked to state 2 advantages & 2 disadvantages of that method.N.B. Discuss the advantages of the method being used NOT the topic being investigated
11 Methods used to Investigate an Aim InternetLibraryInterviewDatabase
12 CD Rom Why is this an appropriate method? A CD Rom is an encyclopaedia on CD which contains text, pictures & sound.Why is this an appropriate method?You can access relevant information very quicklyYou can download & print out the text you want or make notes from it.
14 Advantages & Disadvantages of CD Roms Information is not up-dated & can become out –of-date very quicklyYou need computer access to use itCDs don’t work on every computerAdvantages.It presents information in a varied & attractive formatIt is quite easy to use (usually it has a search option to find info wanted)You can store a huge amount on a CD
15 DatabaseWhat is a Database?A database is a collection of information about a particular topic.Why is it an appropriate method to use?You can access a database using a search engineYou need to give precise search command words to access the relevant part of the database to get the type of information needed.You can print out appropriate database information
16 Database Information about Chief Executive of PKC PKC Chief Executive Bernadette Malone
17 Advantages & Disadvantages of Databases It is arranged so info is easy to accessYou can find ‘matches’ by searching for common featuresA search can occur very quicklyPupils can create their own databases to record their dataDisadvantagesYou need a computer to access itYou must give appropriate search word commands to get relevant & meaningful data
18 InternetWhat is the Internet?The internet is a network of computers around the world which can ‘talk’ to each other transfer information from one to another.How can we use the Internet?Use a search engine to get access e.g. YahooGive search command words e.g. elderly benefitsYou can access official websites to get government statistics, policy or propaganda & data from charities or pressure groups.You can access chat sites
20 Advantages & Disadvantages of Internet. You must know internet address (URL)Using a search word may provide a huge number of sources so you need to identify useful ones.Some sites & information given is biasedIt can cost a lotAdvantages.It provides access to vast amounts of informationIt is easy to useIt is fairly quick to useIt is cheap if you are quickInternet info is a variety of text, photos, graphics sound & video clips
21 Interviewing PeopleThere are two types of interviewsStructured interviews are based around a list of pre-prepared questions.Informal interviews are conversations based around a series of points, which lead to more detailed discussion of the topicTo arrange an interview you mustMake an appointment or arrange a timePrepare relevant & useful questionsAsk permission to record interviewsTake materials with you to write down or record answersInterviewing PKC Chief Executive Bernadette Malone
22 Advantages & Disadvantages of Interviews You may record the interview & make notes laterYou get relevant up-to-date informationYou can get an expert’s view & knowledge about issues.It increases your knowledge of the topicDisadvantages.If interviewing an expert, preparation & background knowledge is needed.You must prepare relevant questionsYou need confidence to talk to someone & interview themYou must arrange the interview in advanceYou must prepare how to record the information given effectively
23 Write a letter. Explain why you want the information To get information by writing a letter you shouldExplain why you want the informationInclude relevant questions to get you the information you needYou should get accurate information from an expertInclude your address so they can reply to you
24 Advantages & Disadvantages of writing a Letter It gets information sent to youYou can get relevant up-to-date informationDisadvantagesYou must ask unbiased questions.Some organisations will not replyThe reply received may not be helpful e.g. is a general answer rather than answer your specific questions
25 Questionnaires or Opinion Surveys There are two types of survey;One has open questions which allow people to write their own answersSome have closed questions where people choose the answer they like best from the selection givenHow to carry out a surveyMake up relevant questions but have no biased or leading questions in your surveyDon’t make it too long or people won’t co-operate & complete itIssue enough copies (+50) to get a large unbiased sample of wide ranging views even if some aren’t returnedDecide when & where to carry it out
26 Advantages & Disadvantage of a Survey Closed questions are easy to analyse & compare answersYou can carry it out quicklyIt gives you a lot of information quicklyIt tells you about public opinion on an issueIt may give you evidence to prove what you want toDisadvantagesOpen questions provide a wider range of answers which are harder to analyseSome people will not return questionnairesYou need to have a big sample for unbiased resultsYou must avoid making your sample biased e.g. no women or young people
27 TV, DVD or Video Programmes Why these are a useful source of information;You know the date of the programmeYou can record it & watch when it is convenientYou can pause & rewind to make notes from itThe case studies & pictures show conditions more accurately than a newspaper or radio report about the topic
28 Advantages & Disadvantages of TV, DVD & Video Programmes. You can when it is convenientIt may provide up-to-date informationIt presents info in an interesting formatYou can pause to make notesIt gives you access to expert opinionsYou can re-wind & watch it againDisadvantages.You need a TV/VCR/DVD player to watch it onYou need a machine to record itYou may need to pre-programme to record it during the nightYou need a recorder to record it initially
29 A Visit.How to arrange a visitYou must arrange a time, date & location previously so you turn up on timeFind the location previously or study a map so you get there on time.Wear suitable clothing & footwear for the location & weather you are likely to meet.Arrive on time with material to record informationAsk suitable questions to find out relevant informationTake pictures using a camera or mobile phone, but ask permission to do this first
30 Advantages & Disadvantages of a Visit. You get information firsthandYou see conditions & can record them in notes or in a pictureYou may record answers to questions & replay the tape or review your notes laterYou can make notes from your recording of the visit laterDisadvantagesYou must organise your visit beforehandYou must be prepared with questions to askYou need to take a notebook & pen or pencil to record important information you find out during the visit
31 A Library.A library includes a place where you access computers, CD Roms, books , Newspapers & journals.You may have to pre-book to use the computers or internet facility.Some libraries will charge for using the internet while others provide this service freeYou cannot remove reference booksEnsure you know the library hours or you may be disappointed, particularly if they close early at night
33 Advantages & Disadvantages of using the Library. There are many different information sources in one locationIt can provide up-to-date informationYou can chose the format you prefer to access your informationSome libraries have free internet accessYou can take books home which is more convenientDisadvantages.The book you want may not be availableYou cannot remove reference booksYou need to pre-book the computer & internet useThey may charge for internet use
34 Prepare an investigation. You must include: Topic: The Aid Britain Sends to AfricaHypothesis2 Aims or Headings3 methods with one advantage and one disadvantage