Presentation on theme: "NC DPI Science EOG Sample. Which path shows how humans might get energy from the sun? 1.sun cow human 2.sun cow grass human 3.sun grass "— Presentation transcript:
NC DPI Science EOG Sample
Which path shows how humans might get energy from the sun? 1.sun cow human 2.sun cow grass human 3.sun grass cow human 4.sun grass sheep cow human
Which of the following is an example of condensation in the water cycle? 1.clouds forming in the atmosphere 2.drops of water falling through the air 3.puddles disappearing on a hot day 4.streams flowing into rivers
A meteorologist records the amount of sunshine, rain, snow, and other meteorological events of a region over a long period of time. Which of the following is he most likely observing? 1.atmospheric pressure 2.climate 3.precipitation 4.weather
Why do large trees have a difficult time living in a tundra? 1.A tundra is too hot for trees to grow large. 2.Animals that live in a tundra destroy most vegetation. 3.Flooding occurs too often in a tundra for large trees to grow. 4.The soil in a tundra is too poor for large trees to grow.
Which organisms are producers? 1.algae 2.frogs 3.insects 4.snakes
What is a likely consequence of cutting down rain forests? 1.a reduction in the amount of air pollution on Earth 2.an increase in the number of plants living on Earth 3.a reduction in the variety of organisms living on Earth 4.an increase in the number of arctic ecosystems on Earth
Which effect does a decrease in sunlight have on a pond ecosystem? 1.an increase in oxygen levels 2.a decrease in the nitrogen levels 3.an increase in the algae 4.a decrease in the algae population
Different types of birds within an environment may feed on different types of organisms. What is a benefit of this type of interaction? 1.It allows different birds to build better nests. 2.It reduces competition between different birds. 3.It causes different birds to reproduce more often. 4.It allows different birds to escape from predators.
A species of giant pandas live only in central China. Bamboo, a tall, green tropical plant, is the main food source for these animals. Large areas of bamboo are being cut down in central China to make room for growing other crops. What will most likely happen to these giant pandas? 1.They will become endangered or extinct. 2.They will migrate to warmer areas of China. 3.They will become carnivores. 4.They will begin to live in caves.
Where will wind most likely cause erosion? 1.swamps 2.forests 3.grasslands 4.deserts
In which location along a river is erosion most likely to be the greatest? 1.at the widest part 2.at the flattest part 3.at the place with the fastest flow 4.at the place with the fewest rocks
Which best explains how soil is built up in flood plains? 1.Farmers add fertilizer, which makes new soil. 2.Plants break down into compost, which makes soil. 3.Sediment is deposited by rivers during floods. 4.Soil gets used up and the land becomes a desert.
What are scale models best used to identify? 1.areas of high pollution 2.animal habitats 3.weather patterns 4.landforms
Which process changes water from a liquid to a gas? 1.precipitation 2.evaporation 3.cooling 4.condensation
Two air masses with large differences in air pressure are near one another. What weather condition will most likely exist between the two air masses? 1.low humidity 2.high winds 3.freezing temperature 4.clear skies
Which best describes how air pressure can be affected on hot summer days? 1.The air expands and becomes less dense, creating areas of low pressure. 2.The air expands and becomes less dense, creating areas of high pressure. 3.The air expands and becomes more dense, creating areas of low pressure. 4.The air expands and becomes more dense, creating areas of high pressure.
A student’s school is located in a valley, and her house is on a nearby mountain. She wonders whether the average amount of rainfall at her school is different from the average amount at her house. She investigates by measuring the rainfall in each location. What tool will the student need to collect the information she needs? 1.a thermometer 2.a barometer 3.a hygrometer 4.a rain gauge
A dog runs 6 meters in one second. By the end of the next second, the dog has traveled an additional 4 meters. Which best describes the motion of the dog during the two seconds? 1.The dog slows down. 2.The dog comes to a stop. 3.The dog changes in mass. 4.The dog changes direction.
In order for a pulley to work properly, it must be able to overcome which force? 1.electricity 2.gravity 3.light 4.heat
Which best describes how forces must interact for a kite to sail up into the air? 1.The force of gravity must be equal to the force of the wind. 2.The force of gravity must be greater than the force of the wind. 3.The force of the wind must be greater than the force of gravity. 4.The force of the person flying the kite must be equal to the force of the wind.
What is the most likely reason cars are designed with smooth surfaces? 1.to overcome gravity 2.to stop easier 3.to reduce air resistance 4.to keep the engine cool
How do desert animals get the water that they need to live? 1.They get water from the food they eat. 2.They get water from streams and rivers. 3.They store water underground when it rains.
How do decomposers help an ecosystem? 1.They add water to the soil. 2.They make food for animals to eat. 3.They cause dead plants and animals to become part of the soil.
How does light, temperature, and soil composition influence most land ecosystems? 1.They cause the ecosystem to become extinct. 2.They determine the types of plants and animals in the ecosystem. 3.They cause water in the ecosystem to become polluted.
Which best describes a landslide? 1.erosion caused by gravity 2.erosion caused by wind 3.erosion caused by a river
Besides providing Earth with fresh water, how else is the water cycle important to Earth? 1.It keeps water from freezing in the ocean. 2.It helps prevent acid rain in the mountain. 3.It helps change the shape of mountains and canyons.
When will clouds most likely form? 1.when air becomes dry 2.when condensation occurs 3.when runoff causes flooding
What has the most effect on the speed of wind? 1.humidity 2.temperature 3.air pressure
A car travels 200 km in 2 hours. If speed = distance divided by time, what is the average speed of the car? km/hr km/hr km/hr
Two dogs are pulling on the same shoe, but the shoe stays in the same place. What is happening? 1.One dog is pulling with a greater force. 2.Both dogs are pulling with the same force. 3.Both dogs are pulling the shoe in the same direction.
Three students each build a model car to race down an inclined plane. For the race to be fair, what must be true about each car? 1.They all should be the same weight. 2.They all should have the same size tires. 3.They all should be the same length.
This diagram shows a ball rolling down an inclined plane. The position of the ball is labeled for each second it travels. 1.getting faster each second 2.getting slower each second 3.maintaining the same motion 4.constantly changing direction Which best describes the motion of the ball?