2PurposeTo influence or change a reader’s thoughts or opinions on a particular topic.To be successful, your writing should be well-plannedPlanning includes:Choosing a topicResearching the topic thoroughlyMapping out the structure of the writing
3Step 1 – Choosing an Issue Decide what you are trying to persuade someone to believeMake sure you feel strongly about this issueKnow a large amount of facts about your issueExamples:School uniformsCivil RightsWomens’ RightsCloningAnimal Cruelty
4Step 2 – Research the Topic You must have content to back up your claimsClaims must be well-documented and elaboratedYou should include information that supports BOTH sides of the topic / issue
5Step 3 – Mapping Out Your Writing List the arguments for and against your issueA good persuasive gives arguments for both sides in order for the reader to evaluate the information and make a decision
6Step 3 – Mapping Out Your Writing Plan your StructureIntroductionBody ParagraphsConclusion
7Introduction Introduce your readers to the topic Example: Use a question as a hookGive background informationState your position of the issue in the last sentence of the paragraphList your arguments in the order of least important to most important
8Body Paragraphs At least three Each paragraph discusses each argument or reasonEach argument/reason needs SUPPORTUse facts NOT opinionsSave the most compelling point for lastDo not forget the reason for examining an opposing viewpoint
9Conclusion Restate the issue Tie in the three reasons from your body paragraphSummarize the argumentsEnd with a powerful statement relating to the original issue
10Steps to Follow Brainstorm/ choose a prompt List pros and cons of the issue you chose from your brainstorm (worksheet 3)Fill out graphic organizerWrite first draft skipping linesPQPFill out checklist (worksheet 6)Type teacher edit/ second draft and circle items that might need changing in greenMake revisions and edit teacher edit on the computer for your final draft
11Example Persuasive Essay “Cats make the ideal house pets.”
12Prompts Given four prompts You may do the prompts in any order you like but all of the prompts must be used by the end of the quarterYou may write more persuasive essays for extra creditYou may turn in your teacher edits and final drafts at any time
13Prompt 1 Recently, some public schools have been adopting the private school idea of having students wear uniforms. Mrs. Slingerland is deciding whether or not to make the students at Kelvin Grove School wear uniforms. Some parents agree that uniforms should be required at K.G. because there will be less arguments over buying and wearing designer clothing. Other parents disagree because school uniforms takes individuality away from their child. Write a persuasive paper stating whether or not you think your principal should have you wear school uniforms.
14Prompt 2A recent news article talked about the State of Illinois wanting to increase the amount of homework for students on the weekends. The current amount of homework for fifth graders is 50 minutes a night. Some teachers give homework on the weekends and some do not. The state suggests that all students should have two hours of homework on the weekends. Some parents disagree because homework on the weekends takes away from family activities. Other parents feel that there is not enough time to learn all of the material and practice it during the week. Do you feel that the amount of homework on the weekends should be increased? Write a persuasive essay stating what you believe and why.
15Prompt 3 A recent study has shown that most children spend too many hours each week watching television. The article on the study mentioned that many children spend as much as four hours each day in front of a T.V. rather than doing physical activity or spending time on homework.As a result of this article, the District 91 School Board is holding a meeting to ask parents to limit the amount of television that their children watch. The school board is going to ask parents to only allow their children to watch television only on the weekends. Some parents agree with the article and others feel that some television shows are educational and also allow their children to relax and unwind before doing homework.Do you agree or disagree that students in District 91 should only be allowed to watch T.V. on the weekends? Write a persuasive essay saying whether you agree or disagree and why.
16Prompt 4A leading doctor has published a research paper, which claims that all students should be in bed by 8:00 p.m. Some parents believe that going to bed at 8:00 p.m. will increase the amount of attention their children pay in class and will help their children stay healthy and rested. Other parents believe that 8:00 p.m. is too early for their child to go to bed because they do not get home from work until late in the evening and want to spend time with their children. Write an essay to your parents and explain your position. Use specific examples and evidence to support your position.