How many people are there in your family? How do you get along with your family members? Are there any problems between your parents and yourself?
Betray-- hurt or disappoint Underestimate--form too low an estimate/ opinion of On the spur of the moment—not planned beforehand/ in advance Authority—right to act in a specific way Rebellious– hard to control
Critical Be critical of Eg: He has apologized for his critical remarks about the referee. Blame Blame … on/for… Eg: They blamed the failure on George. Eg: They blamed George for the failure. Be to blame Eg: She is not to blame for the accident.
Complain about In/out of touch with Eg: I’m out of touch with my middle school classmates now. On the spur of the moment Eg: He asked her to marry him on the spur of the moment. Eg: He decided to go to New York on the spur of the moment.
Challenge Eg: The new government’s first challenge is the economy. Upset Eg: Her plans were upset by the weather. Motive Eg: In a case of murder, the police question everyone who might have a motive.
Cut off Eg: Without a car we feel very cut off. Turn out Eg: We shall see how things turn out. Superior (to) Eg: He thinks he’s superior to us because his father’s an important man.
Approve of I don’t approve of people wasting time. Assume I assumed that he was there. Passive His passive attitude made things easier for me. Ignore For decades her talents were ignored by the film industry.
Responsible You are responsible to your mother for keeping the house tidy. Impress What impressed him most was their speed. Initiative She was disappointed by his lack of initiative.
E. children’s complaints about their parents are sometimes fair. D. Children and parents think differently about making plans. F. young people’s words can sometimes surprise their parents. A. Young people create a culture and society of their own. B. Young people sometimes look at things passively. C. Co-operation can be part of your plan in controlling your life.
IdeasDetails Children complain that their parents… Are out of touch with modern ways; do not trust them; talk too much; have no sense of humor When doing things, parents and children are different. Parents plan carefully; children do things on the spur of the moment; parents don’t like things unexpected; children like challenges.
IdeasDetails Young people shock their parents in various ways. Drive at 90 m/h; won’t study for final examination; clothes; hairstyle; music; vocabulary Young people sometimes look at things passively. Rebellious and proud; don’t want their parents to approve; can’t win Young people can impress others. Sense of responsibility and initiative; cooperation
有些动词表示的动作不能延续，他们的进行时表 示将来的概念，尤其是表示近期按计划或安排要 做的事情。 Are you seeing someone off? They are leaving tomorrow. 进行时与表示经常性的频度副词连用，表示反复 或经常发生的动作或状态，表达说话人一定的感 情色彩。 He is always making trouble.
连系动词的进行时强调被描述情况或状态的暂时 性。 You are being modest. 在时间、条件状语从句中现在进行时可以表示将 来正在进行的动作。 Don’t interrupt him if he is reading.
他老是撒谎。 He is always telling lies. 飞机就要起飞了。 The plane is taking off. 这会儿我不觉得累。 I’m not feeling tired. 你这可不大客气呀。 You are not being polite.
Offering help Can I help you? Let me help you (do it). Can I give you a hand with … What can I do to help? Would you like any help? Is there anything I can do for you? Need some help? Am I allowed to help you?
Accepting an offer of help Oh, yes please. Thank you./ Thanks a lot. Cheers. Just what I needed. That’s very kind/nice of you. I’d be delighted (to have your help)! You are most kind/thougtful. Great./ Lovely./Terrific!
Declining an offer of help No, thank you. No, really, I can manage. I don’t think so, thank you. No, don’t bother, really. No, it’s all right, really. Nice thought, but I can manage. No, it’s ok. Don’t worry about it. Please don’t trouble yourself about it.
Pattern 1: S+Vt.+O(n. /pron.) He has finished his work. Pattern 2: S+Vt.+Indirect O(n. /pron.) +Direct O(n. /pron.) You have told the boy the truth.