Presentation on theme: "Parliamentary Procedure! Friend or Foe? Underlying principles of Parliamentary Procedure for Deliberative Assemblies: of the majority, of the minority,especially."— Presentation transcript:
Parliamentary Procedure! Friend or Foe? Underlying principles of Parliamentary Procedure for Deliberative Assemblies: of the majority, of the minority,especially a strong minority--greater than one third. of individual members, of absentees, and of all these together.
Henry Martyn Robert (1837-1923) was an engineering officer in the regular Army. Without warning he was asked to preside over a church meeting and realized that he did not know how. He tried anyway and his embarrassment was supreme. This event, which may seem familiar to many readers, left him determined never to attend another meeting until he knew something of parliamentary law. Ultimately, he discovered and studied the few books then available on the subject. From time to time, due to his military duties, he was transferred to various parts of the United States where he found virtual parliamentary anarchy since each member from a different part of the country had differing ideas of correct procedure. To bring order out of chaos he decided to write Robert's Rules of Order (RROO) as it came to be called. The tenth, current, edition has been brought about through a process of keeping the book up to date with the growth of parliamentary procedure. All editions of the work issued after the death of the original author have been the work of persons who either knew and worked with the original author or knew and worked with persons who did. Several other Parliamentary authorities are in publication but RROO is by far the most widely used. A Short History of Roberts Rules
Presenting Typical Parliamentary Authority of a Local This Constitution and By-Laws shall stand as the supreme authority of the Local. Rules contained in the current edition of Roberts Rules of Order – Newly Revised shall govern the Local in all cases in which they are applicable and which they are not inconsistent with the Constitution and By-Laws. National Presidents Conference Constitution & By-Laws AUTHORITY: The Chairs ruling shall be final on parliamentary questions. Roberts rules of Order shall be followed; however, no parliamentarian will be used.
A Deliberative Assembly – Such as the NPC is governed by its Constitution & By-Laws. Constitution & By-Laws are generally one and the same and no purpose is served by separating them unless there is reason to make the Constitution more difficult to amend. Your Constitution/By-Laws are the supreme authority of your local (assembly) but are trumped by Federal Law, State Law, Statues and your International Union (International issues your Charter).
These are usually incorporated into your Constitution. Sample Order of Business for a meeting: Call to Order Roll Call Approval of Minutes from preceding meeting Reading of Minutes of the Executive Board Membership Activity Report Treasurers Report Chief Trustees Report Committee Reports Announcements Unfinished Business New Business Adjournment
Types of Motions Privileged Fix time to adjourn Adjourn Recess Raise question of Privilege Call for Orders of the Day Subsidiary Lay on the table Limit or extend limits on debate Postpone to a certain time Commit (refer to a committee) Amend Postpone indefinitely Main Motion Incidental Motions Appeal Close nominations or the polls Consider by Paragraph or Seriatim Create a blank Division of a question Division of the assembly Objection to the consideration of a question Suspend the rules Objection to consideration of a question Parliamentary inquiry Point of order Reopen nominations or the polls Request permission to withdraw a motion Suspend the rules Motions that bring a question back to the assembly Take from the table Rescind or amend something previously adopted Discharge a committee Reconsider
Privileged Motions InterruptSecondDebatableAmendableVote Fix Time to adjourn AdjournNoYesNo Majority RecessNoYesSometimesYesMajority Question of PrivilegeYesNo Chair Orders of the DayNo Chair Subsidiary Motions Lay on the tableNoYesNo Majority Previous QuestionNoYesNo 2/3 Limit or extend debateNoYesNoYes2/3 Postpone to a certain timeNoYes Majority Refer to committeeNoYes Majority AmendNoYesIf motion isYesMajority Postpone IndefinitelyNoYes NoMajority Main MotionNoYes Majority RANKING MOTIONS IN ORDER OF PRECEDENCE
1)Parliamentary procedure exists to facilitate the transaction of business and to promote cooperation and harmony. 2) All members have equal rights, privileges, and obligations. The majority has the right to decide. The minority has rights which must be protected. 3) A quorum must be present for the group to act. 4) Full and free discussion of every motion considered is a basic right. 5) Only one question at a time can be considered at any given time. 6) Members have the right to know at all times what the immediately pending question is, and to have it restated before a vote is taken. 7) No member can speak until recognized by the chair. 8) No one can speak a second time on the same question as long as another wants to speak a first time. 9)The chair should be strictly impartial. BASIC PRINCIPLES
1)Become familiar with main motions and their amendments. These are the most widely used motions in successfully conducting business in the meetings of this era. 2)Learn the three basic groups of motions (Privileged – Subsidiary – Incidental) and how they all work with one another in the meeting process. 3)Make sure the minority has a voice but the will of the majority is served. 4)Control the meeting but make sure to impart a sense of ownership to the assembly. Always keep the assembly informed. 5)Keep the meeting moving. Remember the term If there are no objections. 6)Do not speak of debate from the chair to influence the vote. 7)Do not change the order of business without motion or consent of the assembly. 8)Allow for full discussion never attempt to close debate prematurely. Dos and Donts of the Chair
HOW TO MAKE A MOTION Member requests recognition by the chair. Chair recognizes the member. Member makes the motion. Another member seconds the motion. Chair repeats the motion as stated. Discussion occurs on the motion. Chair restates the motion and calls for a vote. Chair announces the result. Voting may be by voice vote, show of hands, by rising or by secret ballot.
PARLIAMENTARY PROCEDURE QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS True or False? 1)___ The purpose of Parliamentary Procedure is to protect the rights of the majority. (PT) 2)___ A member has the right to stand up and speak at a union meeting on any subject at any time. 3)___The maker of the motion must be given the opportunity to speak first. 4)___If there is no further discussion, the chair has the right to close debate on a motion. (Page 42 – 20) 5)___The chair can debate an issue while chairing the meeting. 6)___Roberts Rules of Order always prevails at a union meeting. 7)___A member must be allowed to speak once on a motion before another is allowed the opportunity to speak a second time. 8)___When a member is in doubt of the outcome of the vote, they may call for a division and their request must be granted. (page 272 15) (page 45 10 show of hands) 9)___ Once division is requested, the voting members are required to stand. The chair does not have to order a count.
PARLIAMENTARY PROCEDURE QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS True or False? 10___ There is no limit to the number of amendments which can be attached to the main motion. 11___If there is an important issue the membership wishes to discuss, the chair may change the order of business to bring the issue forward. 12___If a member appeals the decision of the chair, the chair must turn over the meeting to the Vice Chair. 13___Once an appeal to the decision of the chair is made, debate only occurs between the chair and the member making the appeal. 14___Once a motion has been reconsidered, it can not be reconsidered again. 15___The motion to adjourn is always in order. 16___The proper way to kill a motion is to table the motion. 17___Provided others have been given the opportunity to debate, the maker of a motion may speak on their motion as many times as it takes to get their point across. (page 41-20) 18)___If there is a question of procedure and a Parliamentarian is available to the chair, the chair must abide by the Parliamentarians decision.