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Washington, / 18.08.2005 Economical Damage on EM-DAT Page 1 Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) ECONOMIC DATA IN EM-DAT: OVERVIEW.

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Presentation on theme: "Washington, / 18.08.2005 Economical Damage on EM-DAT Page 1 Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) ECONOMIC DATA IN EM-DAT: OVERVIEW."— Presentation transcript:

1 Washington, / Economical Damage on EM-DAT Page 1 Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) ECONOMIC DATA IN EM-DAT: OVERVIEW OF RECENT PROGRESS Presentation prepared for the 5th EM-DAT TAG Meeting Washington DC, the 18th of August 2005

2 Washington, / Economical Damage on EM-DAT Page 2 ENHANCING ECONOMICAL DATA Inclusion of new economical fields in EM-DAT Review and inclusion of new sources for economic data Systematic revision of a sample of disaster looking for economical damage Link to specific studies conducted by ECLAC and World Bank*

3 Washington, / Economical Damage on EM-DAT Page 3 1. Economical damage (enhanced) 2. Reconstruction cost 3. Insured losses 4. Aid contribution 5. Disaster impact and sectors affected INCLUSION OF NEW ECONOMICAL FIELDS IN THE DATABASE

4 Washington, / Economical Damage on EM-DAT Page 4 Total Damage (Impact of the disaster) – Direct damage (assets) – Indirect damage (losses) By sector affected (based on ECLAC methodology) Social: Housing, Education, Health Infrastructure: Energy, Transport, Communication, Sewage Production: Agriculture, Fisheries, Tourism, Industry and Services Environment Other 1. Economical Damage caused by disasters INCLUSION OF NEW ECONOMICAL FIELDS IN THE DATABASE

5 Washington, / Economical Damage on EM-DAT Page 5 Use of various sources Not systematically entered yet Used when no other information available 2. Reconstruction Costs Sources used: MünichRe, SwissRe and Lloyd’s Casualty Week All information entered for Used as a separate indicator 3. Insurance Losses INCLUSION OF NEW ECONOMICAL FIELDS IN THE DATABASE

6 Washington, / Economical Damage on EM-DAT Page 6 Only one source used: FTS (OCHA) All figures entered (10% from all natural disasters in EM-DAT) included since 1993 (except regional event) Mostly related to developing countries or countries in transition 4. International Assistance INCLUSION OF NEW ECONOMICAL FIELDS IN THE DATABASE

7 Washington, / Economical Damage on EM-DAT Page 7 Figures (real number or %) on the number of houses, bridges, commercial/businesses, km roads and rails, educational and health infrastructure, hec. forests and farmland damaged/destroyed “Check box” for other sectors affected: animals, industry, electricity, water supply/sanitation, communication, cultural infrastructure, transportation, etc. … 5. Disaster Impact and Sectors Affected INCLUSION OF NEW ECONOMICAL FIELDS IN THE DATABASE

8 Washington, / Economical Damage on EM-DAT Page 8 NEW DATA ENTRY SCREEN

9 Washington, / Economical Damage on EM-DAT Page 9 (1) New sources compiled and added: ECLAC : » + 30 economic damage assessment studies » List of disasters economical damage since 1973 World Bank studies : + 10 assessment studies using ECLAC Methodology Mexico data (CENAPRED): multiple events reported using ECLAC methodology over the last years disasters TOTAL: disasters with economical information (2) Other sources still need to be explore (Factiva, Celade, Redatam) NEW SOURCES OF REPORTING ECONOMICAL DATA

10 Washington, / Economical Damage on EM-DAT Page 10 NEW SOURCES OF REPORTING ECONOMICAL DATA

11 Washington, / Economical Damage on EM-DAT Page 11 SYSTEMATIC REVISION ON EM-DAT FILES LOOKING FOR ECONOMICAL DATA Governmental sources Disaster agencies and Humanitarian agencies (e.g. IFCR, OCHA) Health agencies (e.g. WHO, CDC) Specialised and Scientific agencies: (WMO, UNEP) Insurance Companies: LLC, MünichRe, SwissRe Press Agencies: AFP, Reuters Sources Review 50 big disasters review between 2002 to 2004 – 13 out of 50 include Total Economical Damage – 2 out of 50 include a breakdown between Direct and Indirect Damage Results

12 Washington, / Economical Damage on EM-DAT Page 12 1.Lack of information 2.Variations in figures according sources reporting data 3.Coverage of the damage figures: what kind of losses included in economic data? 1. Identification of problems MethodologyMethodology

13 Washington, / Economical Damage on EM-DAT Page 13 1.Reinforce the collaboration between partners 2.Establishment of a strict methodology for entering economic data 3.Give access to specific users to figures given by different sources with inclusion of reliability score 2. Proposed solutions? MethodologyMethodology

14 Washington, / Economical Damage on EM-DAT Page 14 Thank you


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