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© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 1 Version 4.0 VLANs LAN Switching and Wireless – Chapter 3.

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Presentation on theme: "© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 1 Version 4.0 VLANs LAN Switching and Wireless – Chapter 3."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 1 Version 4.0 VLANs LAN Switching and Wireless – Chapter 3

2 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 2 Objectives  Explain the role of VLANs in a converged network.  Explain the role of trunking VLANs in a converged network.  Configure VLANs on the switches in a converged network topology.  Troubleshoot the common software or hardware misconfigurations associated with VLANs on switches in a converged network topology.

3 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 3  It would be great to group the people with the resources they use regardless of their geographic location, and it would make it easier to manage their specific security and bandwidth needs.

4 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 4  When you configure a VLAN, you can name it to describe the primary role of the users for that VLAN. As another example, all of the student computers in a school can be configured in the "Student" VLAN. Using VLANs, you can logically segment switched networks based on functions, departments, or project teams.  These VLANs allow the network administrator to implement access and security policies to particular groups of users.  A VLAN is a logically separate IP subnetwork.  You do not need VLANs to have multiple networks and subnets on a switched network, but there are definite advantages to using VLANs.

5 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 5  Security - Groups that have sensitive data are separated from the rest of the network.  Cost reduction - Cost savings result from less need for expensive network upgrades and more efficient use of existing bandwidth and uplinks.  Higher performance - Dividing flat Layer 2 networks into multiple logical workgroups (broadcast domains) reduces unnecessary traffic on the network and boosts performance.  Broadcast storm mitigation - Dividing a network into VLANs reduces the number of devices that may participate in a broadcast storm.  Improved IT staff efficiency - VLANs make it easier to manage the network because users with similar network requirements share the same VLAN. When you provision a new switch, all the policies and procedures already

6 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 6  ‘Normal’ VLAN ID’s fddi-default active token-ring-default active fddinet-default active trnet-default active 8 (trunk) One Cisco Catalyst 2960 switch can support up to 255 normal range and extended range VLANs, although the number configured affects the performance of the switch hardware.

7 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 7  A port-based VLAN is associated with a port called an access VLAN.  However in the network there are a number of terms for VLANs. Some terms define the type of network traffic they carry and others define a specific function a VLAN performs

8 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 8  The default VLAN for Cisco switches is VLAN 1. VLAN 1 has all the features of any VLAN, except that you cannot rename it and you can not delete it. By default, Layer 2 control traffic, such as CDP and spanning tree protocol traffic, are associated with VLAN 1. In the figure, VLAN 1 traffic is forwarded over the VLAN trunks connecting the S1, S2, and S3 switches. It is a security best practice to change the default VLAN to a VLAN other than VLAN 1;

9 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 9  DATA  DEFAULT  NATIVE (don’t even ask)  MANAGEMENT

10 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 10 VLAN types  introduces VOIP as a good example of segregating application traffic into separate VLAN’s  VOIP is a good example, but its introduction in these notes leads to quite complex narrative in these notes.  Normal and IP telephony ‘trunked’ over common lines. See

11 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 11 VLAN port membership modes  Static, dynamic and Voice  We will be using static in lab’s

12 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 12 Manage broadcast domains with VLANs (play simulation) Try to follow the discussion on Intra v. inter VLAN comm’s.

13 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 13  Layer 3 switching – this is new material. May not feature in either lab’s or exams. Will keep you advised.

14 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 14 Explain the Role of Trunking VLANs in a Converged Network  Trunking when using multiple VLAN’s  Look up

15 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 15 Explain the Role of Trunking VLANs in a Converged Network  Describe how a trunk works

16 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 16 Explain the Role of Trunking VLANs in a Converged Network  Describe the switch port trunking modes

17 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 17 Configure VLANs on the Switches in a Converged Network Topology  Describe the steps to configure trunks and VLANs

18 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 18 Configure VLANs on the Switches in a Converged Network Topology  Describe the Cisco IOS commands used to create a VLAN on a Cisco Catalyst switch

19 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 19 Configure VLANs on the Switches in a Converged Network Topology  Describe the Cisco IOS commands used to manage VLANs on a Cisco Catalyst switch

20 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 20 Configure VLANs on the Switches in a Converged Network Topology  Describe the Cisco IOS commands used to create a trunk on a Cisco Catalyst switch

21 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 21 Troubleshoot Common Software or Hardware Misconfigurations Associated with VLANs  Describe the common problems with VLANs and trunks

22 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 22  Describe the common problems with VLANs and trunks Troubleshoot Common Software or Hardware Misconfigurations Associated with VLANs

23 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 23  Describe how to use the troubleshooting procedure to fix a common problem with VLAN configurations Troubleshoot Common Software or Hardware Misconfigurations Associated with VLANs

24 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 24 Summary  VLANS Allows an administrator to logically group devices that act as their own network Are used to segment broadcast domains Some benefits of VLANs include Cost reduction, security, higher performance, better management

25 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 25 Summary  Types of Traffic on a VLAN include Data Voice Network protocol Network management  Communication between different VLANs requires the use of Routers

26 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 26 Summary  Trunks A common conduit used by multiple VLANS for intra-VLAN communication  EEE 802.1Q The standard trunking protocol Uses frame tagging to identify the VLAN to which a frame belongs Does not tag native VLAN traffic

27 © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 27


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