2 Ground Rules Objectives of clinic ** Ground rules ** Cell phones One discussionNo war storiesPunctualityQuestions on subject matterAppreciate your time, travel, gas expenseGet you ready for the next level. College coaches are full-time jobs, different environmentRules: cell phones, one discussion, no war stories, punctuality, questions ok but on subject
3 Agenda Opening remarks Assigner expectations and policies ProfessionalismThe CCA manualMechanics – college 2-umpire systemGame ManagementRules differencesClosing remarks and Fall ball sign-upsOpening: intros, ccsua, training program
4 Greg Schmidt CCSUA SUIP National Observation Team Comments on Game observations
5 CCSUA Training Program Today’s instructorsCooper, Lauderback, Long, BennettTraining program will now include:Fall clinic1st/2nd year umpiresVeterans on a rotating cycle every 3 yearsFall Observation games – veterans includedIn-season observationsMentor programUpbeat and Enthusiastic. Today's clinic: 1st/2nd year and veteran umpires. 3-year training program for veterans: every 3 years certain veteran officials will be attending the Fall clinic and working observation games. It gives everyone an opportunity to study the game year round and stay current with the NCAA trainings for college. We will concentrate on professionalism, athleticism, rules knowledge and 2-ump mechanics per the CCA manual. Games counts are reduced and only the umpires who exhibit the proper college umpire expertise and stay current with the game will be getting college games. For example, professionalism. Joanne's stated the registration form was on Arbiter...who filled it out and sent it in? There are a number of fall ball games, so the Assignors have asked us to do game evaluations on as many umpires as possible and give them feedback on their compliance to the college softball philosophy, athleticism and mechanics. All classroom
6 CCSUA Training Program Adherence to college mechanicsKnow and embrace the CCA manualMeet expectations of coachesCompliance with conference mandatesRules knowledgeProfessionalism
8 Professionalism – The College Softball Umpire CCSUA Fall ClinicSeptember 11, 2011
9 Being a Professional Umpire Code of Conduct – page 23ProfessionalismMaster rules/mechanicsPrepare physically and mentallyAccept responsibility for all actions takenResponsibilities and ExpectationsContinually seek self-improvement **Mental preparation for each and every gameOff-season trainingClinics, observation games, watching othersNASO, Referee magazine, books, roundtables,talking with other umpires at tournaments.Off-season: read rule book, CCA manual, keep in shape
10 Being a Professional Umpire Relationships **Partners, coaches, players, fansFraternization and Off-field behaviorYou represent umpires, conference, NCAAAppropriate attire and behaviorAvoid casual, unnecessary conversationsTobacco, Alcohol and GamblingUniform and equipmentPartners: crewness!! On and off field.Coach: business-like and professional; respect, do not initiate conversation but answer politely and briefly.
11 Fitness and Athleticism Best possible calling positionCall is credible – angle/distanceCollege coaches noticePerception of athleticismExpectations of coaches and playersExpectations of conferencesHealthier and longer lifeWhy should a college umpire be fit
12 Being a Professional College umpires are expected to: Know rules, mechanics, game managementHave a perfect uniform and appearanceMust take it to the next levelCommunications skillsBe a student of each game; see what is happeningStay cool in the worst situationsStay ahead of the gameFitness, rule and mechanics changesComm – s are formal professional communications
13 Umpire expectations First few years – travel, CC games Set realistic goalsCC post-season after 3 years?Moving up to NAIA, Div 2 and 3Leave the baseball mechanics/philosophies on the baseball fieldCollege coaches notice it and dislike it!Fastest way to go back to baseball full-time
14 The college “mechanics manual” And much, much more The CCA ManualThe college “mechanics manual”And much, much moreShow May be very different for 2012
15 CCA Manual Why do I need it if I work only 2-ump games? Only one section devoted exclusively to 3-ump348 pages and 12 sections, 3-ump section: 95 pagesExpanding the Manual - only 1 page out of 37 sections are a "must-read" for all umpiresSpirit/PhilosophyDefinitionsDuties and ProceduresEvery GameExpanding the manualRead these section titles: 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
16 The 2-ump system - Essential Concepts Core PhilosophyMust know where you would like to be on any given playRegardless of whether they can actually achieve the positionDetermine the most efficient path to getting thereWork ahead of the playRead the play; move to most likely playKeep elements in frontOne, two, and three element playsAdjust to the individual playPrimary position, calling position if necessaryTo see the elements as they change as the play happensElements of play: - ball, base, runner, fielder1: tag play not involving a base, 2: tag play that involves a base, 3: force playAdjust: high throw, wide throw, swipe tag, position of players’ bodies – closer, wider, over the top
18 Essential Concepts -2 Efficient movement Start and end all movement in a good baseThe umpire balletMaster the pivot and reverse pivotUse crossover steps - not side-to-side or back-pedalingMovementChoose a position before moving, move directly to itNo loopingAchieve angle first, then adjust distanceDiscipline and control your body -Good base: Feet parallel no more than shoulder width apart, Weight evenly distributed
19 Essential Concepts -3 Pre-pitch preparation How many outs; is it a full countCheck swingPickoff play, steal, wild pitch/passed ballDo I chase?Infield hit - bunt, grounder, line driveOutfield hit - fly, single, gapper, tag-up responsibility
20 Every Game Angle – 90o for tag, throw Distance VideosDistancePrimary position - calling depth force play, tag play,Calling position - adjustment to play, secondary positionsHolding position areas – pg 127Definitions section
21 Every game - 2 Movement Comportment Starting position, set Parallel movement, efficient movementCommitment to the play, rhythm, timingComportmentBody language, signals, crewness,Game management, handling conflict
22 Plate Umpire Responsibilities Trailing BRAll plays/touch at plateMultiple runnersAll plays/touch on lead runner at 3bExcept - imminent play at plate; catcher/cut-off throws to 3bStart moving as soon as you determine no play at plateWatch runner touch plate while moving to 3bFair/foul calls; fly ball/line drives catch/no catchUnless BU chases
23 Base Umpire Responsibilities All plays/touch at 1b, 2b (angle to throw)First play from infielder at 1b, 2b, 3bPlays /touch on BR at 3bAll steals and pickoff playsRead runner and catcher to anticipate playTalk to PU for WP or passed balls with R1Working between pitchesWorking between pitches pg 138
24 Starting Positions for Base Umpire No one on – option of A or B positionA: 18' to 20' down 1st base line, walking the pitchB: between 1b and 2b, behind F4, setNo closer to 1b than 15'No farther from 1b than midpoint between 1b and 2bRunner on 1b only (B position)Same as B aboveAll other situations (C position)Between 2b and 3b, behind F6, setNo closer than 15' to 2b or 3b
25 Comments on starting positions Always closer to 1b than 2bRead situation - rabbit and likely steal; big lead and likely pickoff...Position 3Most of time between 15' from 2b and midpointRead situation , most of which are a possible play at 2b or 1b
26 Chasing and Tag Ups Chasing Tag Up Responsibilities Chase if it will be a tough call for PU; use common sense with multiple runnersA Position: CF to RF dead-ball lineB and C Positions: the "V"Tag Up ResponsibilitiesPlate Ump: 3bBase Ump: 1b and 2bGet to 0o for tag
27 Calling the Illegal Pitch Tough callMust be made if it isShow May be very different for 2012
28 The rules Know the rule and the rule-book language! ** Before the pitch – pivot foot, non-pivot foot (125)Pitcher’s lane (10.4.1)Leap (10.4.4)Crow hop (10.4.5)See it and make sure it is illegal!Other illegal pitchesLosing contact – pivot and non-pivotPivot – portion on the top surface. Non – in contact (rule Note)Leap – she became airborne on her initial movement from the pitcher’s plate; the pivot foot must slide or drag on the groundch – she is replanting and gaining a second push off with her pivot footLane – when she landed she was not on or within the pitching lanes
32 More things to watch Losing contact with plate Pivot foot – getting torque vs clearing the cleatPivot foot – stepping forward (video later)Non-pivot foot – interpretationUp against the back of plate with heel upLowers heelFoot does not move backShoe just barely off plate
34 And common sense umpiring Managing ConflictAnd common sense umpiringShow May be very different for 2012
35 Responses to coaches Arguing a judgment call Coach, I understand what you’re saying, however, on that play, I didn’t see it that way.Coach, I had a good look at that play and here’s what I saw [short explanation].Coach, I had a great look at that play, (or I had that play all the way) and made the call“You gotta go for help from your partner”What part of the play do you think I missedI got a good angle/distance, saw the play clearly…He is 60’ from the play at a bad angle…
36 Coach’s anger starts escalating Coach, if you yell I won’t listen. I can hear you/I’m standing right here, you don’t need to raise your voice.I need you to stop raising your voice and just ask your question calmlyCoach, I’m going to talk with you and answer your questions, but you must put your arms down/stop the gesturing.Coach, I’ve heard enough (use stop sign). Coach, this is your warning for the rest of the game.
37 The hit-and-run coachSays something inappropriate as she/he is walking away **Maybe loud enough for others to hear, maybe notIt really should not be toleratedGoing after them as they walk away -looks like your the aggressorDo this insteadTurn to partner, hold up a hand, clearly/loudly say "partner we have a warning to coach for unsporting conduct“ **What might happen nextCoach turns back to make yet another inappropriate remarkEject them. They are aggressor , held accountable for inappropriate behaviorNothingYou have sent the messageCoach now knows that he/she does not get a free pass on inappropriate behaviorWe have all dealt with the "hit & run" or "sniper" coach at one time or another.2. This will let everyone including the "sniper" know that what they have said is inappropriate and will not be tolerated.
38 Potential conflicts Managing” Managers ** No advantage before the game Do not let them make comments on balls/strikesUsing a conference to argue balls/strikesNo counting of close callsTheir pitcher is illegal; their runners leave too soon. Just a second coach, let’s get the other coach out here to hear your concerns.Handle immediately or between inningsThose pitches are not strikes; I am not calling them against your batters. Warning?Trying to incite players/fans. Stern warning or bigger problems
39 Role-play Purpose Rules of engagement Situation awarenessRules knowledge - but we will not discuss rules!Could be correct ruling, maybe not – handle it! (see last point)We have all made mistake in the heat of the battleGame managementRules of engagementDo your best to visualize the fieldPut yourself completely into the roleDO NOT BREAK ROLEHandle the situation exactly as you would in a gameNext slide – if audience says anything…you will be ejected!
40 Play 1 Speedster R1 at 1b and leaves on the pitch BR hits a medium-slow roller up the 1b lineF3 fields the ball 20 feet from 1b, waits to tag the BRBR stops and then steps backward to avoid the tagNo call from either umpire until BR is tagged by F3BU calls "out"F3 throws too late to 3b as R1 slides safely into the base.
42 Play 3 R1 on 2b with 1 out B3 hits a clean shot to the fence. As the F6 turns to see the ball in the outfield she makes contact with R1 and R1 stumbles slightlyF8 makes a strong throw to F2 at the plateR1 is called out on a bang-bang play at the plateCCA pg 101
43 Major differences from other codes NCAA’s Unique RulesMajor differences from other codesShow May be very different for 2012
44 Game Management Field Equipment Fitness, pitching lane, no double-base Catcher and coaches’ boxesEquipmentBat – bats highlighted on list, inspect bats onlyCatcher mask/helmet if on fieldBatting helmet face mask not requiredJewelry ok, headbands not mentionedDo not ask coach to verifyField: fitness for starting (both coaches and/or host administrative staff) pitching distance 43’, no double-1st base, collapsible fence
45 Game Management - 2 Warm-ups between Innings Specific rules for offense, defenseNo 1-minute time limitHelp on check swing and pick-off8-run rule (must), tie-breaker rule (may)Short-handed rule not usedDefensive conference and pitcher
46 Game Management - 3 Handling substitutions - RARA Inaccurate line-up rule, take your timeRepeat & write it with coachSuggestion – use a red penLineup card managementUmpire Manual, Appendix ANo re-entry, no crossing outfor pptReview, accurate?, record, announce-opposing coach & scorekeeper, official scorekeeper, PACactus: Click Downloads, ASA/NFHS Lineup Management System (ppt)
47 Game Personnel Line-ups Unreported substitute Head coach’s name requiredFix it if you canUnreported substituteOnly starters may re-enterCannot play with less than 9No disqualification or “restrict to bench”Cannot play… if 10 players and use DP…Coach ejected – must leave, behind home-run fence
48 Pitching rules Time Allowed Between Pitches Pitcher’s feet before pitchPitcher returning in same inningCall the illegal pitch!Feet – half pivot foot on or above the top surface; pivot foot in contact, may lose contact slightlyDemonstration
50 Batting Rules - 2 Hit by pitch while out of batter box Bunt attempt if bat held in strike zoneThrown batBatting out of order: outs not keptFoul ball near dugoutInterference on squeeze play“No pitch” Team warning5. Dugout belongs to team runner out if < 2outs
51 Base Running Rules Look-back rule and overrunning 1b Running lane No courtesy runnerObstructionAbandoning a base2. If foot completely out and hit anywhere5. Out if obviously heads toward dugout/position or leaves the field of play
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