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Towards Methods for the Collective Gathering and Quality Control of Relevance Assessments SIGIR´09, July 2009.

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Presentation on theme: "Towards Methods for the Collective Gathering and Quality Control of Relevance Assessments SIGIR´09, July 2009."— Presentation transcript:

1 Towards Methods for the Collective Gathering and Quality Control of Relevance Assessments SIGIR´09, July 2009

2 Summary  Motivation  Overview  Related Work  Methodology  Pilot Study  Analysis and Findings  Conclusions

3 Motivation  With the advent of the technology more and more interest and use has been given to digital files, like digital books, audio, and video.  These digital files present new challenges in the constructions of test collections, more specifically collecting relevance assessments to tune system performance. This is due to:  The length and cohesion of the digital item  Dispersion of topics within it  Proposal => Develop a method for the collective gathering of relevance assessments using a social game model to instigate participants’ engagement.

4 Overview Test collections consist of: A corpus of documents A set of search topics And relevance assessments collected from human judges WSJ88046-0090 AT&T Unveils Services to Upgrade Phone Networks Under Global Plan Janet Guyon New York American Telephone & Telegraph Co. Introduced the first of a new.... Number: 168 Topic: Financing AMTRAK Description: A document will address the role of the Federal Government in financing the operation of the National Railroad Transportation Corporation (AMTRAK). Narrative: A relevant document must provide information on the government’s responsability to make AMTRAK an economically viable entity. It could also discuss.. Document (TREC) Topic (TREC)

5 Overview  Test Collection Construction (in TREC):  A set of documents and a set of topics are given to the TREC participants  Each participant runs the topics against the documents using their retrieval system.  A ranked list of the top k documents per topic are return to TREC.  TREC forms pools (selects top k documents) from the participants’ submission, which are judged by the relevance assessors.  Each submission is then evaluated using the resulting relevance judgment, and the evaluation results are then returned to the participants.

6 Related work  Gathering relevance judgments:  Single judge – usually the topic author assesses the relevance of documents to the given topic.  Multiple judges – assessments are collected from multiple judges and are typically converted to a single score per document.  In Web search judgments are collect from a representative sample of the user population. Also often user logs are mined for indicators of user satisfaction with the retrieved documents.

7 Related work  In their approach, they extended the use of multiple assessors per topic by:  Facilitating the review and re-assessment of relevance judgments  Enabling the communication between judges  Providing an enrich collection of relevance labels that incoporate different user profiles and user needs. This also enables the preservation and promotion of diversity of opinions.

8 Related Work

9 Methodology  The Collective Relevance Assessment (CRA) method involves three phases:  Preparation of data and setting CRA objectives

10 Methodology  Design of the game

11 Methodology  Relevance Assessment System

12 Pilot Study  Two rounds: First last 2 weeks, the second lasted 4 weekes  Data:  INEX 2008 Track (50,000 digitized books,17 million Scanned pages, 70 topic TREC style)  Participants:  17 Participants  Collected Data  Highlithed document regions  Binary relevance level per page  Notes and comments  Relevance degree assigned to a book

13 Analysis and Findings  Properties of the methodology:  Feasibility – engagement level comparable to the INEX 2003  Completeness and Exhaustiveness – 17,6% max completeness level.  Semantic Unit and Cohesion – relevance information forms a minor theme of the book. Relevant content is disperse.  Browsing and Relevance Decision – assessors requerie contextual information to make a decision.  Influence of incentive structures  Exloring vs. Reviewing  Assessment Strategies  Quality of the collected Data:  Assessor agreement –the level of agreement is higher comparing with TREC and INEX.  Annotations

14 Conclusions  The CRA method sucessfully expanded traditional methods and introduced new concepts for gathering relevant assessment.  Encourages personalized and diverse perspectives on the topics.  Promotes the collection of rich contextual data that can assist with interperting relevance assessments and their use for system optimization.

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