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KEYCITE ® INSTRUCTIONAL AIDS SERIES. Contents Introduction Cases: KeyCite History Cases: KeyCite Citing References Limiting KeyCite Citing ReferencesLimiting.

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Presentation on theme: "KEYCITE ® INSTRUCTIONAL AIDS SERIES. Contents Introduction Cases: KeyCite History Cases: KeyCite Citing References Limiting KeyCite Citing ReferencesLimiting."— Presentation transcript:


2 Contents Introduction Cases: KeyCite History Cases: KeyCite Citing References Limiting KeyCite Citing ReferencesLimiting KeyCite Citing References Table of Authorities KeyCite for Statutes KeyCite Alert West’s Instructional Aids Series

3 Introduction

4 KeyCite is West’s citation research service available to you on Westlaw ® KeyCite tells you whether a case, statute, federal regulation, or federal administrative decision is GOOD LAW. KeyCite provides links to other cases, administrative decisions, and secondary sources that mention or discuss the case, statute, federal regulation, or federal administrative decision. Introduction

5 Use KeyCite to Be Sure It is critical in legal research to: Find the relevant cases, statutes, federal regulations, and federal administrative decisions to support your legal argument Determine that a case, statute, federal regulation, or federal administrative decision is still good law and therefore can be used as the basis of your legal argument Introduction

6 KeyCite for Cases A case can be Reversed by a higher court Overruled at a later date Superseded by statute Criticized without being overruled Cited favorably by other courts, thereby strengthening its authority Introduction

7 KeyCite for Statutes A statute can be Repealed Amended Renumbered Subject to pending legislation Declared unconstitutional Preempted by federal law Introduction

8 Careful practitioners know that failure to consult KeyCite or a similar service can be considered legal malpractice.

9 In Newhouse v. McCormick, the court rejected Newhouse’s argument, which relied on Morris v. American Can Corp., a case that had been remanded and then reversed. As a result, Newhouse’s conduct was termed “frivolous” and “vexatious”, attorney fees were awarded to McCormick and the Court declared Newhouse eligible for Rule 38 sanctions.

10 Had Newhouse checked Morris in KeyCite, Newhouse would have seen the red flag which indicates that the Morris can not not be relied upon for at least one point of law it discusses. KeyCite Reversed in Part, Vacated in Part Case in Point

11 KeyCite is Accurate - All information added to KeyCite undergoes rigorous analysis by West Group attorney-editors. Current - Direct History is added within one to four hours of receipt of a case; over-rulings are identified by attorney-editors within 24 hours of receipt; and citing cases are added as soon as they are added to Westlaw. Easy to Use - As you retrieve and read relevant materials, status flags and other symbols provide critical information.

12 KeyCite is Comprehensive KeyCite covers: All federal and state cases reported in West’s National Reporter System ® More than 1 million unreported cases and cases predating the National Reporter System More than 700 secondary sources, such as ALR ® articles, Am Jur ® 2d sections and law reviews The United States Code Annotated ® (USCA ® ) Statutes from all 50 states Code of Federal Regulations Patents

13 KeyCite covers decisions of: National Labor Relations Board Environmental Protection Agency Board of Immigration Appeals Tax Court Federal Communications Commission Office of the Comptroller General Patent and Trademark Office Board of Federal Contracts Appeals Federal Energy Regulatory Commission KeyCite also covers IRS materials, such as Revenue Rulings Revenue Procedures Technical Advice Memoranda Private Letter Rulings KeyCite is Comprehensive

14 Cases: KeyCite History

15 Use KeyCite History to Determine Whether Your Case Is Good Law KeyCite History includes: Direct History of the case, which traces your case through the appeals court(s) Negative Indirect History, which includes cases outside the direct history of the case that might have a negative impact on the validity of your case Cases: History

16 KeyCite for Cases Status flags give you an instant indication of whether your case is good law Red Flag - Your case is no longer good law for at least one of the points it contains. Yellow Flag - Your case has had some negative history but hasn’t been reversed or overruled. Blue H - Your case has some history. Green C - Your case has citing references but no direct or negative indirect history. Cases: History

17 A red flag means In the Direct History of the case, the case has been –reversed by a higher court –vacated by a higher court –remanded by a higher court to lower court for reconsideration OR In the Negative Indirect History, the case has been –overruled by another court at the same level in the same jurisdiction –superseded by statute as stated in a case Cases: History KeyCite for Cases

18 –disagrees without overruling –has factual distinctions –although negative it is from another jurisdiction –in some other way expresses dissatisfaction with the case without invalidating the case A yellow flag means another case in the Negative Indirect History of the case Cases: History KeyCite for Cases

19 Direct History Traces a case as it moves through the appeals courts Integrates the full litigation history into a single display This result shows how the Floyd v. Waiters case moved through the appeals process Cases: History

20 Lists cases outside the direct appellate line that may have a negative impact of the validity of your case Can be so strong that it overrules or otherwise invalidates your case Can have little affect because it is such mild disagreement or because it is from outside the jurisdiction. Negative Indirect History Cases: History

21 Cases: KeyCite Citing References

22 KeyCite Citing References result lists other cases and legal materials that cite your case. They include Cases Federal agency decisions Federal Register Law review articles ALR articles Am Jur 2d sections Restatements Treatises Briefs

23 Citing References to the case can be positive or negative. They can strengthen or weaken the case. KeyCite lists the citing references in the following order: Negative citing cases Positive citing cases Administrative materials Secondary sources, such as ALR articles, Am Jur2d sections, law review articles, and treatises Briefs Citing References

24 Graphic symbols in a KeyCite Citing References result instantly indicate which citations will be the most useful. Depth of treatment stars help you determine how extensively your case is discussed in a citing case or administrative document. Quotation marks indicate that some language from your case is quoted word for word in the citing case. The letters HN followed by one or more number indicates the number(s) of the headnote(s) discussing the legal issue(s) for which your case was cited. HN:3,4

25 Examined This case contains an extended discussion of your case, usually more than a printed page. Discussed This case contains a substantial discussion of your case, usually more than a paragraph but less than a printed page. Cited This case contains some discussion of your case, usually less than a paragraph. Mentioned This case contains a brief reference to your case. Depth of Treatment Stars

26 Cases: Limiting KeyCite Citing References

27 Cases: Locate Limits Applying KeyCite Limits You can apply limits to the Citing References within your current view. You can apply the following limitations, or filters, to your result: –Document Type (Case, Statute, Secondary Source, etc.) –Headnotes –Locate –Jurisdiction –Date –Depth of Treatment

28 More About KeyCite Locate KeyCite Locate allows you to narrow your KeyCite result to the citing references that contain certain terms. If your KeyCite display contains more than 2,000 citing references, you will need to first limit your results by other criteria.

29 Table of Authorities

30 The Table of Authorities service provides a list of cases cited in your case. KeyCite flags in the Table of Authorities allow you to quickly determine whether you are relying on a case with a hidden weakness. Table of Authorities is a KeyCite related service which includes KeyCite symbols. Table of Authorities

31 Access the Table of Authorities service by clicking the Table of Authorities link on the Link for tab in the left frame. Table of Authorities

32 KeyCite for Statutes

33 KeyCite History indicates whether the statute is GOOD LAW. KeyCite Citing References lists cases, pending legislation, administrative materials, and secondary sources that discuss or cite the statute. Notes of Decisions (annotations) are the headnotes from cases that significantly interpreted or applied the statute.

34 KeyCite History for Statutes A red flag indicates that the statute has been Recently amended Repealed Ruled unconstitutional Preempted

35 KeyCite History for Statutes A yellow flag indicates that the statute Has pending legislation Has been renumbered Has been transferred Contains an editor’s amendment note Was limited on constitutional or preemption grounds or its validity was otherwise called into doubt KeyCite History for Statutes

36 KeyCite History for Statutes includes Updating documents (recently passed public laws) that have amended or repealed the statute Pending legislation (bills) that may affect the statute (available for USCA and most state statutory codes) Credits, also called Text Amendments, that are public laws that have enacted, amended, or renumbered a statute Historical and Statutory Notes, also called Editor’s Notes, that describe the legislative changes that have affected the statute Statutes: History

37 KeyCite Citing References for Statutes KeyCite Citing References are legal documents that discuss or mention your statute. Citing references include Pending legislation Notes of Decisions (annotations) in USCA Cases on Westlaw that do not appear in Notes of decisions (for example, unreported cases or cases too new to have headnotes) Administrative materials Secondary sources, such as ALR articles, Am Jur 2d sections, law reviews, and treatises.

38 KeyCite Alert

39 KeyCite Alert is a service that automatically monitors the status of cases, statutes, federal regulations and federal administrative regulations and sends updates to you when there has been a change that might affect the validity of these documents. KeyCite Alert results are delivered to a destination you select, such as printer, fax machine, address, or wireless device.

40 Use KeyCite to ensure that you have solid foundations for your legal arguments. KeyCite is: Current Accurate Easy to Use Comprehensive

41 We hope that you have found this lesson helpful. If you have more Westlaw education or training needs, please contact your Academic Account Manager or call the Reference Attorneys at WESTLAW.Academic Account Manager If you have feedback on the Instructional Aids Series, please contact Erin Jensen.Erin Jensen Thank You…

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