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Hazard Mitigation Planning I Session Name: Hazard Mitigation Planning I Coastal Hazards Management Course Signed by the President on October 30, 2000 Amends.

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Presentation on theme: "Hazard Mitigation Planning I Session Name: Hazard Mitigation Planning I Coastal Hazards Management Course Signed by the President on October 30, 2000 Amends."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hazard Mitigation Planning I Session Name: Hazard Mitigation Planning I Coastal Hazards Management Course Signed by the President on October 30, 2000 Amends the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act of 1988 (the “Stafford Act”) Emphasizes mitigation Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000(DMA2000) or (DMA Y2K) Slide 37.1

2 Hazard Mitigation Planning I Session Name: Hazard Mitigation Planning I Coastal Hazards Management Course Establishes a new requirement for state, local and tribal mitigation plans Authorizes HMGP funds for state, local and tribal mitigation planning Provides for states to receive increased HMGP funds (from 15% to 20%) if, at the time of the declaration of a major disaster, the states have in effect an approved State Mitigation Plan DMA 2000 Section 322 Slide 37.2

3 Hazard Mitigation Planning I Session Name: Hazard Mitigation Planning I Coastal Hazards Management Course Under the DMA2000, State Hazard Mitigation Plans must: 1) Identify natural hazards and assess vulnerability and risk 2) Support development of local mitigation plans 3) Provide for technical assistance to local and tribal governments for mitigation planning 4) Identify and prioritize mitigation actions that the State will support, as resources become available State Hazard Mitigation Plans Slide 37.3

4 Hazard Mitigation Planning I Session Name: Hazard Mitigation Planning I Coastal Hazards Management Course Mitigation Planning avoids ad-hoc approach to mitigation Mitigation Plans can articulate a vision of resiliency to natural hazards Mitigation Plans can help educate the public about hazards and mitigation Mitigation Plans can guide decision-makers and policy-makers Mitigation Plans can fulfill DMA2000 requirements and thereby qualify for extra funding. Mitigation Plans can facilitate access to many other government programs Mitigation Plans can fulfill state planning requirements Benefits of Hazard Mitigation Planning Slide 37.4

5 Hazard Mitigation Planning I Session Name: Hazard Mitigation Planning I Coastal Hazards Management Course Marshall Planning Resources Establish responsibilities Create an advisory committee or task force Coordinate with other agencies Involve Key Stakeholders Public Participation Document the Planning Process Organize to Prepare the Plan Slide 37.5

6 Hazard Mitigation Planning I Session Name: Hazard Mitigation Planning I Coastal Hazards Management Course Slide 37.6 Hazard Mitigation Planning Tree

7 Hazard Mitigation Planning I Session Name: Hazard Mitigation Planning I Coastal Hazards Management Course Step 1: Identify Potential Natural Hazards Step 2: Assess Vulnerability Step 3: Assess Community Capability Step 4: Form Interim Conclusions Step 5: Establish Values and Goals Step 6: Formulate Mitigation Policies Step 7: Establish Procedures for Monitoring, Evaluating, and Reporting Progress on the Plan Step 8: Establish Procedures for Revisions and Updates of the Plan Step 9: Adoption Steps in the Planning Process Slide 37.7

8 Hazard Mitigation Planning I Session Name: Hazard Mitigation Planning I Coastal Hazards Management Course The type of natural hazards The characteristics of each hazard The likelihood of occurrence The intensity Potential impacts Identify Potential Natural Hazards What is the Community’s Problem? Slide 37.8

9 Hazard Mitigation Planning I Session Name: Hazard Mitigation Planning I Coastal Hazards Management Course Slide 37.9 Worksheet #1: Hazard Identification and Analysis

10 Hazard Mitigation Planning I Session Name: Hazard Mitigation Planning I Coastal Hazards Management Course Slide Likelihood of Occurrence Likelihood Frequency of Occurrence Highly LikelyNear 100% probability in the next year LikelyBetween 10% and 100% probability in the next year, or at least one chance in the next 10 years PossibleBetween 1% and 10% probability in the next year, or at least one change in the next 100 years UnlikelyLess than 1% probability in the next year, or less than one chance in the next 100 years.

11 Hazard Mitigation Planning I Session Name: Hazard Mitigation Planning I Coastal Hazards Management Course Earthquake: Modified Mercalli Scale Tornado: Fujita Scale Nor’Easter: Dolan-Davis Scale Hurricane: Saffir-Simpson Scale Flood: Water depth & velocity Wildfire: Fire line intensity, fire spread & flame length Measures of Hazard Intensity Slide 37.11

12 Hazard Mitigation Planning I Session Name: Hazard Mitigation Planning I Coastal Hazards Management Course Slide Hazard Impact LevelAreaImpact Affected CatastrophicMore than 50% - Multiple deaths - Complete shutdown of facilities for 30 days - More than 50% of property severly damaged Critical25-50% - Multiple severe injuries - Complete shutdown of critical facilities for at least 2 weeks - More than 25% of property severely damaged Limited10-25% - Some injuries - Complete shutdown of critical facilities for more than 1 week - More than 10% of property severely damaged NegligibleLess than 10% - Minor injuries - Minimal quality-of-life impact - Shutdown of critical facilities and services for 24 hours or less - Less than 10% of property severely damaged

13 Hazard Mitigation Planning I Session Name: Hazard Mitigation Planning I Coastal Hazards Management Course  Local Sources: Local historical evidence and community knowledge Newspaper accounts Local library Weather records First-hand knowledge of residents Local floodplain manager Local planning office Local emergency manager Sources of Data Slide  State Sources: State emergency management office State weather or climatology office State emergency management office State planning department State floodplain management office/NFIP Coordinator State floodplain management office/NFIP Coordinator

14 Hazard Mitigation Planning I Session Name: Hazard Mitigation Planning I Coastal Hazards Management Course  Federal Sources: FEMA US Army Corps of Engineers National Weather Service National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) NOAA Coastal Service Center US Natural Resources Conservation Service Local emergency manager Sources of Data- continued Slide  Regional Sources: Regional planning organizations office Sanitary, drainage or soil and water conservation districts Watershed or River Basin organizations Universities


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