Presentation on theme: "The Nature of Chemical Rxns Chapter 5.1. Signs of a Reaction 1.Heat production (sometimes) 2.Color change (sometimes) 3.Fire/Smoke 4.Property change 5.Solid."— Presentation transcript:
Signs of a Reaction 1.Heat production (sometimes) 2.Color change (sometimes) 3.Fire/Smoke 4.Property change 5.Solid precipitate 6.Gas production 7.Energy released (or absorbed) Light, heat, sound, electricity
Writing the Reaction H 2 O H 2 + O 2 Na + Cl 2 NaCl reactants products
Energy and Reactions Where does the energy come from? In the atom? –No Outside the atom? –Yes –In the bonds between atoms!!
Bonds and Energy It takes energy to break bonds It takes energy to make bonds What ’ s the importance of the Law of Conservation of Energy? –Energy is conserved in a reaction
Energy – Is it coming or going? Sometimes there is more energy in the reactants than in the products This results in extra energy after the reaction happens Reactions that release energy are exothermic Sometimes there is more energy in the products than in the reactants This results in extra energy needed for the reaction to happen. Reactions that absorb energy are endothermic
Exothermic Reactions Examples –Fires –Explosions –Some hot packs –Bioluminescence Endothermic Reactions Examples –Baking –Some cold packs –Electrolysis –Photosynthesis Energy – Is it coming or going?