Presentation on theme: "An Imperative for Performance Improvement"— Presentation transcript:
1An Imperative for Performance Improvement PATIENT SAFETYAn Imperative for Performance ImprovementNeil G. Jaymalin, RN, MBAH, CQAFebruary 26, 2010
2DefinitionPatient Safety is a new healthcare discipline that emphasizes the reporting, analysis, and prevention of medical error that often lead to adverse healthcare events.
3Wrong Site / Patient Surgery Patient Identification Fall PreventionPressure UlcersHand HygieneSurgical FireWrong Site / Patient SurgeryPatient IdentificationProactive Risk AssessmentMedication SafetyPatient InvolvementStaff Communication
4Medication SafetyAccounted for 9.9% of the sentinel events reviewed by JCIPolicy cascade and promotionHigh Alert MedsPCASALADLabelsReconciliation (Drug Profile)
5StandardsJoint Commission – covers from prescription to administration including monitoring of medication effect to patient
6Approach to Safety Leadership driven culture of safety Improve reporting of errors by establishing a non – blame environmentEvaluate where technology can help reduce the risk of medication error
7Establish a fool proof method of controlling high alert medications Patient InvolvementEstablish a controlled formulary
10ReportingThe primary purpose of patient safety reporting systems is to learn from experience.It is important to note that reporting in itself does not improve safety. It is the response to reports that leads to change.(WHO Guidelines for Adverse Event Reporting and Learning Systems, 2005)
11Characteristics of Successful Reporting Systems (7) Non-punitiveReporters are free from fear of retaliation against themselves or punishment of others as a result of reporting.ConfidentialThe identities of the patient, reporter, and institution are never revealed.
123. Independent 4. Expert analysis The reporting system is independent of any authority with power to punish the reporter or the organization.4. Expert analysisReports are evaluated by experts who understand the clinical circumstances and are trained to recognize underlying systems causes.
135. Timely Reports 6. Systems-oriented are analyzed promptly and recommendations are rapidly disseminated to those who need to know, especially when serious hazards are identified.6. Systems-orientedRecommendations focus on changes in systems, processes, or products, rather than being targeted at individual performance.
147. ResponsiveThe agency that receives reports is capable of disseminating recommendations. Participating organizations commit to implementing recommendations whenever possible.
15Safety WalkRoundsA “Safety WalkRound” is a process whereby a group of senior leaders visit areas of a health-care organization and ask front-line staff about specific events, contributing factors, near misses, potential problems, and possible solutions.
16Can often result in prompt changes that improve care and safety. It also can lead to culture change, as the concerns of front-line staff are addressed.front-line staff are engaged in continuous observation of hazards and solutions for discussion with senior leadership.
17Leadership walkrounds are a low-cost way to identify hazards of concern to front-line staff and make needed changes.Require no additional staff, equipment, or infrastructure.
18Failure Modes and Effects Analysis Failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) is a widely used tool for proactively identifying process vulnerabilities.It begins by systematically identifying each step in the process and then searches out “failure modes”, that is, noticing what could go wrong.
19The next step is to evaluate how the failure mode could occur, and what are the “effects” of this failure.If a failure mode could result in catastrophic effects, the process must be corrected or buffered.The FMEA is a proactive tool, used to evaluate a new process, or an existing process for proposed design changes.