Presentation on theme: "The Vietnam War. Learning Targets Explain how the U.S. got involved in the Vietnam War. Compare and contrast the U.S. and NVA/Vietcong strategies. Predict."— Presentation transcript:
The Vietnam War
Learning Targets Explain how the U.S. got involved in the Vietnam War. Compare and contrast the U.S. and NVA/Vietcong strategies. Predict the effectiveness of each plan.
A Soldier’s Experience A Soldier ’ s Experience
1954: Geneva Accords Ho Chi Minh Ngo Dinh DiemDivided at 17 th parallel Vietnam divided when French left North Vietnam - Ho Chi Minh & communist South Vietnam - Ngo Dinh Diem & anti- communist
Growing Problems 1. Diem’s leadership Refused election Persecuted Buddhists Overthrown and followed by unstable gov’ts
Growing Problems 80% of countryside supported Vietcong 2. Growth of the Vietcong (VC) communist guerillas in S.Vietnam strategic hamlet plan (move villagers) failed
Whiteboard Moment! If you lived in South Vietnam, would you have joined the Vietcong? Why or why not?
U.S. Aids South By 1963, 16,000 American troops are training in South Vietnam Eisenhower sent aid b/c of domino theory 1961: JFK follows with “military advisors”
Tonkin Gulf Resolution August 2, 1964: U.S. destroyer Maddox “attacked” in Gulf of Tonkin
Tonkin Gulf Resolution Senate Vote: 88 to 2 “ to take all necessary steps, including the use of armed force… ” Congress gave Lyndon B. Johnson (LBJ) war powers
Whiteboard Moment In your opinion, should the U.S. have involved themselves in the conflict? Explain.
NVA/Viet Cong Tactics Guerilla warfare (booby traps, tunnel system) Ho Chi Minh Trail (transport supplies)
American Escalation General William Westmoreland, U.S. Commander 1968: 538, 000 U.S. troops
Operation Rolling Thunder 643,000 tons of bombs 5 times Hiroshima 3 years Air Force Chief of Staff Lemey about bombing them “ back to the stone Age. ” Bombing raids of North Vietnam and Ho Chi Minh Trail
Ground War Search and Destroy Missions: seek VC and destroyed villages Jungle warfare, so defoliants used (Agent Orange/Napalm)
Whiteboard Time !! Describe the U.S. fighting tactics in one word. Defend your choice.
Khe Sanh Wanted info on Ho Chi Minh Trail 40,000 NVA vs. 5,600 U.S. for over 2 mths. U.S. win, shows NVA resolve
Tet Offensive 100 towns and cities Attacked; 12 air bases attacked 42,000Vietcong casualties Massive attack by North on Vietnamese New Year Military victory for South/U.S. Morale victory for North
Final Reflection Read “Vietnam War.” Using information from your reading and notes, write as much as you can remember abut the Vietnam War. DO NOT look at your notes or the reading.