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Label on the map provided: Dien Bien Phu Hanoi Saigon

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Presentation on theme: "Label on the map provided: Dien Bien Phu Hanoi Saigon"— Presentation transcript:

1 Label on the map provided: Dien Bien Phu Hanoi Saigon
DMZ – Separating the two halves of North & South Vietnam Cambodia Laos Thailand China

2 The Vietnam War, 1964-1975 Vietnam was a French colony before WW2
Japan took control, then was defeated in WW2 and the French returned in 1945 Ho Chi Minh declared Vietnam’s independence the same year In 1950, the U.S. pledges military aid to help the French in Vietnam In 1954, President Eisenhower outlines the Domino Theory



5 The Vietnam War, French were defeated by communist forces under Ho Chi Minh in 1954 at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu and leave Vietnam by 1956 Vietnam was divided into two with the communists controlling the northern half of the country The southern half of the country was ruled by anti-communist dictator Ngo Dinh Diem


7 The Vietnam War, 1964-1975 As South Vietnam’s President, Ngo Dinh Diem
Cancelled 1956 elections to unite the North & South Was supported by Eisenhower with financial aid, then with military advisors Was assassinated during an army coup in 1963

8 The Vietnam War,


10 The Vietnam War, U.S. military advisors grew to 16,000 by the time JFK was assassinated When President Johnson took office, he ordered an additional 10,000 advisors to Vietnam In 1964, LBJ announced that U.S. ships had been attacked in the Gulf of Tonkin Congress approved a resolution giving Johnson the power to take “all necessary measures” to protect U.S. forces

11 The Vietnam War,

12 The Vietnam War, LBJ orders targets in North Vietnam bombed, called Operation “Rolling Thunder” By March 1965, there are more than 100,000 troops in South Vietnam; by 1968, over 500,00 soldiers U.S. had overwhelming numbers and military superiority against the Vietcong and North Vietnamese Army (NVA)



15 The Vietnam War, The U.S. military had numerical and technological superiority, but it had some disadvantages: Fighting in a civil war, it was hard to tell friend from foe Conventional military tactics didn’t work in jungle terrain There were conflicts between politicians who wanted to contain the war and military leaders who wanted to expand the war The lack of clear objectives and declining public support demoralized American soldiers

16 Friend or Foe?

17 Jungle Fighting

18 Political-Military Dispute

19 Loss of Public Support

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