Presentation on theme: "By Mr. Tha Tun Deputy Director Department of Social Welfare"— Presentation transcript:
1 Presentation on the Return , Repatriation and Reintegration of Trafficked Persons in Myanmar By Mr. Tha TunDeputy DirectorDepartment of Social WelfareMinistry of Social Welfare ,Relief and Resettlement
2 Law and MechanismTrafficking in Persons Law (TIP ) was promulgated on September 13th 2005.According to TIP Law, Central Body including the following three Working Groups was formed ;Working group on Prevention of Trafficking in Personand protection of Trafficked VictimsWorking group on Legal Framework and ProsecutingMeasuresWorking group on Repatriation ,Reintegration andRehabilitation of Trafficked Victims
3 Law and Mechanism (Contd;) TIP Law contains 10 chapters. The acts to protect the victims are;Chapter (5) Safeguarding the Rights of TraffickedvictimsChapter (6) Special Protection of Trafficked victims,Women, Children and YouthChapter (7) Repatriation, Reintegration andRehabilitationChapter (8) Establishment of the fund
4 Plan and Strategy National Plan of Actions (2007-2011)was implemented National Plan of Actions ( ) has been formulated and followed by Annul work plan
5 Plan and Strategy National Plan of Actions (2012-2016) Five Components -Policy and Cooperation-Prevention-Prosecution-Protection-Capacity BuildingIt has been followed by Annul work plan in 2012
6 MoU Regarding TIP Regional MoU - COMMIT MoU in 2004 ,September Bilateral MoU- Myanmar-Thailand in 2009,April- Myanmar-China in 2009,November
7 Functions of Department of Social Welfare Focal Department at the working level for return reintegration of trafficked victimsFocal point for communication with ThailandBATAWC concerning working level victim assistancePre-repatriation planning with other DepartmentsShort-term care in shelter following repatriationLiaison with higher levels of Government and othergovernment departments concerning R&RFollow-up with victims repatriated from China (with supportfrom UNICEF)Secretary of R & R Group
8 Myanmar’s Victim Protection Structure Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief & ResettlementDepartment of Social WelfareOther DepartmentsDSW Field OfficesUN & NGOs & INGOs
9 Victims providing services In every time of repatriation of these victims we provided the following services; - Pre-return services - Repatriation services - Rehabilitation services Follow up services
10 Pre- return ServicesSending the Myanmar social worker to work directlywith victims and to collect the victims’ addresses andpersonal data in order to repatriate them quickly.Informing Immigration and National RegistrationDepartment for Nationality confirmation of victimsFamily Tracing / Assessment(done by DSW,MWAF,WV,SC,IOM )Discussing with BATWC from Thailand at theMyanmar – Thai Case Management Meetingregarding the victims .
11 Repatriation Services To repatriate the victims of returnees, DSWoffered the following services;After confirming their Nationality, DSW discuss withThailand DSDW to setup the date, time and place betweenthe two sides for repatriationTransferring the victims at Myawaddy-Maesok checkpointby both sides accompanied with local authorities, Tachilick,Maisai Check PointMWAF, UNICEF, W.V, SC, IOM and other relatedorganizations.
12 Temporary Shelter Stay Services to Trafficked Victims Vocational Training Centers for Women in Yangon, Mandalay Mawlamyine and Kyainge TongTemporary Shelter in Muse for Trafficked Victims from ChinaProvide for basic needs-shelter, food, medical and psycho-social support
13 Rehabilitation Services Taking care of them at DSW shelter to provide knowledge and skills by respective organization including;Knowledge about trafficking in persons by Anti-trafficking Task ForceSocial counseling and solving social problem by DSWKnowledge about Myanmar’s traditional culture by MWAFVocational training by DSWTo issue National Registration Card for needy victims,Knowledge about Immigration Law & Regulation by Department of Immigration and Registration.
14 knowledge about labor Law by Department of Labor Medical Check-up and HIV testing by the consent of victims by Department of HealthWhile the victims received temporary care at the training schools DSW staffs and concerned agencies confirmed their address and tried to contact their family
15 R&R CHALLENGES IN MYANMAR The main R&R challenge remains successful reintegration.Challenges include;Geography: The spread and remoteness of victims’ home villages in Myanmar means that many victims return home without full reintegration support.Financial Resources: While financial resources for reintegration support are available, they are generally insufficient to meet the needs of All returnees. Funding sometimes comes with geographic restrictions on where it can be spent.
16 Reintegration Services Temporary stay in DSW shelter, victims were repatriated to their families with the collaboration of Department of Social Welfare, Myanmar Women Affairs Federation INGOs and local authorities.Victims were provided some financial support and material by MWAF, local authorities and UN,INGOs.
17 Government Departments Collaborate with DSW in Protecting trafficked victims;Ministry of Home AffairsMinistry of Foreign AffairsDepartment of Immigration and National RegistrationGeneral Administration DepartmentDepartment of Health
19 “R&R ACHIEVEMENTS IN MYANMAR” Overall, the main achievement has been the improved efficiency of the return (transportation) process.Improved bilateral coordination with Thailand:12 successful bilateral Case Management Meetings betweenMyanmar and Thailand.Regular “Case Worker Visits” organised with Thailand to meet Thai social workers and support victims during the pre-return phase.Regular “R&R Operational Meetings” between DSW and agencies/orgs to plan for each repatriation.Returns from Thailand occurring more regularly and faster.
20 “R&R ACHIEVEMENTS IN MYANMAR” Nationality Confirmation is now more efficient and timely mannerImproved bilateral information exchange with Thailand’s DSDW,incl. operationalisation of a “Matrix of Bilateral Victim Data”.Formed national SOP committee and agreed on way forward for thedeveloping of bilateral SOPImproved bilateral coordination with China:Establishment of a border reception shelter and placement of DSW staff in Muse to support victims of trafficking returned from China.
21 R&R CHALLENGES IN MYANMAR Human resources: There is a lack of trained and dedicatedcase workers to meet the reintegration needs of all returneesfollowing their return to Myanmar.Great variety of victims’ experiences of exploitation: Thismakes it a challenge to offer individualised care to each victim.
22 R&R CHALLENGES IN MYANMAR Challenge of assisting male victims: Increase in the numberof adult male victims returned to Myanmar in the context of aR&R system between Myanmar and Thailand that has untilnow been designed to protect and assist primarily adult malevictims.No pre-return contact with Chinese R&R counterparts:There is presently no contact with social welfare officials orvictim support agencies operating in Yunan province andelsewhere in China on assistance to victims prior to theirreturn.