Presentation on theme: "Formation of Coal The coal that we use today comes from the remains of plants in swamps millions of years ago After much time and pressure, plant remains."— Presentation transcript:
1Formation of CoalThe coal that we use today comes from the remains of plants in swamps millions of years agoAfter much time and pressure, plant remains in swamps change to peat and then eventually to coal
2Coal UsageThe majority of coal in the US is used to generate electricity
7Formation of OilCrude oil, or petroleum, comes from the remains of microorganisms that lived in ancient oceans or lakesSediments accumulate on top of these remains, and after millions of years of heat a pressure they are converted into oil
8Oil TrapsOil is usually found in a reservoir rock with high porosity and permeability (like sandstone)On top of the reservoir there must be an impermeable rock layer to trap the oil
10Pros of Oil Highly energy efficient Easy to transport Not too expensive…yet
11Cons of Oil Limited amount Pollutes air with carbon dioxide emissions Oil spills cause major environmental damage
12Natural Gas FormationNatural gas is formed the same way as oil, some of the microorganism are converted into a liquid (oil) and others into a methane gas (natural gas)It is generally found in the same types of areas as oil
13Natural Gas Usage and Production The majority of natural gas is used to heat buildings
14Pros of Natural Gas Cleanest of fossil fuels Good for heating US has a lot
15Cons of Natural Gas Produces greenhouse gases Limited supply Leaks can be dangerous
16Alternate Energy Sources Solar Energy: The direct use of the sun’s rays to supply heat or electricity.FreeNon PollutingUnlimited SupplyAdvantages:Disadvantages:Expensive EquipmentBackup Source needed for cloudy days.Colorado has excellent potential for solar power because of our over 300 days of sunshine each year. Xcel Energy offers electric rebates for installing solar systems.
17They require large tracts of land Noise pollution Difficulties: Wind Energy: Experts estimate in years, wind power could provide 5-10% of US electricity.They require large tracts of landNoise pollutionDifficulties:Colorado is one of the top wind producing states. Xcel energy offers an option for consumers to purchase wind energy at an extra cost. Wild Oats is the largest purchaser followed by Western Ski Resorts (ex.Vail and Aspen).Vail Resorts is also asking employees and guests to join the company's renewable energy effort by offering a free one-day ski lift ticket to anyone who purchases wind power for their residence for a year through Renewable Choice.
18Nuclear Power: 7% of US Power Plant Energy is Nuclear. Hazards with disposing nuclear wastes.Expensive to build safe power plants.Concern for an accident where radioactive material escapesDisadvantage:In 2004 the US imported 81% of uranium required to fuel its 104 nuclear power reactors. The Chinese plan to build 30 new reactors by 2020 Russia, 24 by 2020 and India, 17 by No new reactors have opened in the US since 1973.
19Hydroelectric Power: Power from falling water drives turbines that create clean electricity. Disadvantage:Not enough suitable sitesThe reservoirs fill up with sediment.Destroys river ecosystems