2 SS7G4The student will describe the diverse cultures of the people who live in Africa.Explain the differences between an ethnic group and a religious groupExplain the diversity of religions within Arab, Ashanti, Bantu, and Swahili ethnic groups.Evaluate how the literacy rate affects the standard of living
3 DefinitionsEthnic group: share many common characteristics, such as language, physical features, customs, and traditions.Religious group: share a common belief system, but are not necessarily composed of a single ethnic group
4 Major Ethnic Groups of Africa ArabAshantiBantuSwahili
5 Arab People Originating from the Arabian Desert Speak the Arabic languageFound mostly in North Africa, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Iran.Predominantly Muslim
13 Religions in Africa In Africa, there are 3 major religions: Traditional beliefs: may include worship of ancestors, spirits, gods, animals, land, inanimate objects, and/or natural phenomenaChristianity: the belief in Jesus Christ as the son of one GodIslam: the belief in Muhammad the prophet of Allah, the one GodIn Africa, some groups combine Christianity and traditional beliefs.
14 Diversity of ReligionArabs are predominantly Muslim, however some Arabs are ChristianAshanti and Bantu predominantly practice traditional religionsAshanti mix spiritual and supernatural powersBantu believe in power of ancestors in everyday lifeSwahili is predominantly Muslim, but some mix Islam with traditional elements
15 Literacy Rate & Standard of Living Literacy Rate: The % of people of a certain age that can read and write proficiently.Standard of Living: Quality and Quantity of goods and services available to people. Usually measured by real income and poverty rates.Why do you think the two would be linked?
16 Ticket-out-the-Door Which person is a member of a religious group? Nemal is a KurdMustafa is a MuslimKimba is an AshantiLakesha is a NigerianAfrican religious beliefs include traditional religious beliefs that came before the introduction of Christianity and Islam to the continent. Which of these statements describes traditional African religious beliefs?Belief in KrishnaBelief their king is a godBelief in the importance of a divine saviorBelief in the influence of ancestors on daily lifeSouth Africa has a literacy rate of 86% and a per capita GDP of $ Egypt has a per capita GDP of $ What can we guess about Egypt’s Literacy Rate?Egypt’s literacy rate is > South Africa’sEgypt’s literacy rate is = South Africa’sEgypt’s literacy rate is < South Africa’s