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Reading PUZZLES IN GEOGRAPHY. PUZZLES :-- skim the passage for the answers 1.The United Kingdom includes: 2.If we speak of England we mean: 3. The countries.

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Presentation on theme: "Reading PUZZLES IN GEOGRAPHY. PUZZLES :-- skim the passage for the answers 1.The United Kingdom includes: 2.If we speak of England we mean: 3. The countries."— Presentation transcript:

1 Reading PUZZLES IN GEOGRAPHY

2 PUZZLES :-- skim the passage for the answers 1.The United Kingdom includes: 2.If we speak of England we mean: 3. The countries that make up Great Britain are: 4. The part of Ireland that separated from England is called: 5. London is the capital city of England, Wales and Scotland England, Wales Scotland and Northern Ireland England and Wales Republic of Southern Ireland England/Great Britain/the UK

3 Match the main idea with each paragraph Para1. Para2. Para3. Para4. Para5-6. How the UK was formed Puzzles in the names of the four countries The state of the four countries Information about England, the largest of the four countries The cultural importance of London Can you put them into 3 parts and write down the main idea of each part?

4 Part 1(1-3): Part 2 (4): Part 4 (5-6 ): what England includes; about Great Britain; the UK. the geographical division of England in zones; their similarities and differences. The cultural importance of London

5 Comprehending 1. The Union Jack flag unites the flag of three countries in the United Kingdom. Which country is left out? Why? The country left out is Wales. It is usually assumed( ) to be part of England. Part 1 (Para1-3) England Union Jack Ireland Scotland 2. What three countries does British Airways represent? 1 _________ 2_________ 3_____________ EnglandScotlandNorthern Ireland

6 Comprehending Part 2 (Para.4) 1.England, the largest of the four countries, is roughly divided into ______ zones. 2. If you want to find out more about British history and culture, you may NOT go to____. A.industrial cities built in the 19th century. B.towns first built by the Romans. C.the castle constructed by Norman rulers. D.the oldest building begun by the Anglo- Saxons.

7 major cities harbor ship building center commercial port; home of the Beatles home of Manchester United the second largest city; iron and steel industry centre Glasgow Liverpool Manchester Birmingham textile industry centre

8 Comprehending Part 3 (Para.5-6) The Romans--- Anglo-Saxon--- Vikings--- Normans--- towns and roads language and government vocabulary and place-names of the North castles and words for food Influence left by the invaders

9 The UK_________of four countries-------- England,_________,Scoland and__________ Ireland, which is shown to the world in a flag called the ________________. The four countries do work together in some areas, but they developed different educational and _____system. England, the ___________ of the four countries, is roughly ____________into three zones. Its capital, London, has been __________by the invaders of England, and you will find the greatest historical _________ in it. consists Wales Northern Union Jack legal largest divided influenced treasures

10 Word Focus

11 The united kingdom ______ ___ four countries. consists of

12 consist … … of e.g Water consists of hydrogen and oxygen. =is made up of in e.g What does happiness consist in?

13 e.g 72. ___________ 72 classes in this school. 72 classes_________this school. This school__________72 classes. This school________________ 72 classes. There are makes up consists of is made up of

14 to separate,or break up something divide divide…into/among(between) … …/ … division n.

15 divide separate divide into,among,between separate from; separate

16 divide separate e.g England _______________France by the Channel. He_______ his students_____five groups. Tom and Jack got __________ in the crowd. The teacher __________ the apples _________the kids. They sleep in ________ rooms. is separated from divided into separated divided among separate

17 3. clarify vt. e.g. Can you clarify what you said just now? clarify a problem/ a position/the meaning of… / / … 4. When people refer to England you find Wales included as well. refer to: The professor ___ at the meeting is from the UK. A. refering to B. refers to C. referred to refer to…as…= regard….as … …

18 4. When people refer to England you find Wales included as well. find /have /get +sb/sth +V-ed / … / …, ?.. You look different today.Have you had your hair cut? The long journey got all of us tired. When I got to the station I found the train gone.

19 5. Happily this was accomplished without conflict …. accomplish: to finish e.g. accomplish a design/a journey/a plan/ purpose.. / / / conflict: n. struggle, argument e.g. a bloody/political conflict / She found herself in conflict with her mother over her future career. conflict with... … vi.

20 6. break away(from) ( )…, break down break out …….. Nowadays many farmers want to ____the land and make a living in cities. A break off B broke out C break down D break away from The talks between the two sides have__; people are worried about something will happen. A took out B put forward C broken down D got down

21 7. To their credit the four countries do work together in some areas, but they have very different institutions. to ones credit: credit n. ( P79) e.g. No credit is given to this restaurant. The course carries three credits. Mary is a credit to her family. do(does/did). So you did come after all. But She does think you are a good cook.

22 8... and for convenience it is divided roughly into three zones. convenience n. [U] [C] e.g. convenience store/food / for ones convenience at ones convenience / suit ones convenience make a convenience of.. convenient adj. be convenient to sb / be convenient for sb to do sth inconvenience & inconvenient

23 1.The house is full of _____________ of every sort. 2.When and where will it __________________ for our meeting? 3.Will it _________________ you to start work tomorrow? 4.It is illegal to run the red light _____________. 5.The post office is at a _________ distance from our school. Use the proper form of convenience to fill in the blanks. conveniences suit your convenience be convenient be convenient for for convenience convenient

24 1.The house is full of _____________ of every sort. 2.When and where will it __________________ for our meeting? 3.Will it _________________ you to start work tomorrow? 4.It is illegal to run the red light _____________. 5.The post office is at a _________ distance from our school. Use the proper form of convenience to fill in the blanks. conveniences suit your convenience be convenient be convenient for for convenience convenient

25 9.attract vt. e.g. attract the tourists/attention / : attraction [U/C] have/hold attraction for sb eg. The Buckingham Palace is a major tourist attraction. Fishing holds/has little attraction for me. attractive adj. ; unattractive adj.

26 10. historical treasure 1) [u] e.g. to find buried treasure 2) [c] / e.g. the nations art treasures 3). v. / e.g. I will treasure those memories forever. 11. influence 1)n. …… have influence on/over sb. / sth. under the influence of… e.g. She has a great influence on the family. 2) n. / influence on sb./sth. e.g. His new friend has been a good influence on him.

27 11. influence 3) v. influence (sb) to do/ influence sth e.g. The weather influences the crops. You must decide for yourself. Dont let anyone else influence you. Tell the difference The noise from the street affected my study. The new law has a great effect on our lives. Influenced by her father, she decided to become a doctor. influence n./v. affect v. effect n.have an effct on

28 Tell the difference 1.It is _________ reading the poem. 2.The poem is _________ of being read. 3.The poem is _________ to be read. 4.It is ___________ to read the poem. 5.The British Museum is ___________ a visit. 6.Medicine is a ___________ career. 7.Mr. Green is a _______ gentleman. worth worthy worthwhile worth worthy of worthwhile worthy

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