2Alliteration: The repetition of sounds in a group of words as in “Peter Piper Picked a Peck of Pickled Peppers.”
3Allusion: A reference to a person, place, or thing--often literary, mythological, or historical. The infinitive of allusion is to allude. e.g. Romeo alludes to the mythological figure Diana in the balcony scene.
4Assonance: The repetition of vowel sounds as in “And so, all the night-tide, I lie down by the side Of my darling, my darling, my life and my bride. --Edgar Allan Poe, Annabel Lee
5Atmosphere: The overall feeling of a work, which is related to tone and mood.
6Blank verse: Unrhymed lines of poetry usually in iambic pentameter Blank verse: Unrhymed lines of poetry usually in iambic pentameter. Plenty of modern poetry is written in blank verse.
7The repetition of consonant sounds as in Consonance:The repetition of consonant sounds as in“The fair breeze blew, the white foam flew,The furrow followed free;”--The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
8Couplets: A pair of rhyming lines in a poem often set off from the rest of the poem. Shakespeare’s sonnets all end in couplets.
9Diction1)Word choice.2) The author’s choice of words. An author has the option of choosing any word from our language, why does he/she choose to use certain words and not others? In order to create a certain tone.
11End rhyme: Rhyming words that are at the ends of their respective lines—what we typically think of as normal rhyme.
12Epic: A long poem narrating the adventures of a heroic figure e. g Epic: A long poem narrating the adventures of a heroic figure e.g. Homer’s The Odyssey.
13Figurative Language: Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language. Any language that goes beyond the literal meaning of words in order to furnish new effects or fresh insights into an idea or a subject. e.g. Whenever you call something “cool,” you’re not talking about its temperature but referring to some other quality it possesses.
14Free Verse: Poetry with no set meter (rhythm) or rhyme scheme.
15Iambic pentameter: Ten-syllable lines in which every other syllable is stressed. - ’ e.g. “With eyes like stars upon the brave night air.”
16Imagery: The use of description that helps the reader imagine how something looks, sounds, feels, smells, or tastes. Most of the time, it refers to appearance. e.g. “Tita was so sensitive to onions, any time they were being chopped, they say she would just cry and cry; when she was still in my great-grandmother’s belly her sobs were so loud that even Nacha, the cook, who was half-deaf, could hear them easily.” --Like Water for Chocolate
17Internal rhyme: A rhyme that occurs within one line such as “He’s King of the Swing.”
18Lyric: A type of poetry that expresses the poet’s emotions Lyric: A type of poetry that expresses the poet’s emotions. It often tells some sort of brief story, engaging the reader in the experience.
19Metaphor: A comparison of two unlike things using any form of the verb “to be”–-i.e. am, are, is, was, were. Ex: “This chair is a rock,” or “I am an island.”
20Meter: The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in the lines of a poem.
21Mood: The feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage Mood: The feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage. The mood may be suggested by the writer's choice of words, by events in the work, or by the physical setting.
22Myth: A legend that embodies the beliefs of people and offers some explanation for natural and social phenomena.
23Onomatopoeia: The use of words that sound like what they mean such as “buzz,” “bang,” or “tic-tock.”
24Personification:. Giving inanimate objects human characteristics. e. g Personification: Giving inanimate objects human characteristics. e.g. “The wind howled through the night.”
25Prose: Writing organized into sentences and paragraphs that is not poetry. e.g. Novels and short stories are examples of prose.
27Simile: Comparing two unlike things using “like” or “as. ” e. g Simile: Comparing two unlike things using “like” or “as.” e.g. “I’m as hungry as a pig,” or “Your eyes are like stars that brighten my night.”
28Sonnet: A fourteen-line poem written in iambic pentameter Sonnet: A fourteen-line poem written in iambic pentameter. Different kinds of sonnets have different rhyme schemes. The most notable are Shakespeare’s Sonnets which employ the abab,cdcd,efef,gg rhyme scheme.
29Stanza: A major subdivision in a poem Stanza: A major subdivision in a poem. A stanza of two lines is called a couplet; a stanza of three lines is called a tercet; a stanza of four lines is called a quatrain.
30Symbolism:. The use of one thing to represent another Symbolism: The use of one thing to represent another. Something that stands for something else. e.g. A dove is a symbol of peace.
32Tone: The author’s attitude toward the subject of the work Tone: The author’s attitude toward the subject of the work. Usually positive or negative. e.g. The tone of a piece of literature could be pessimistic, optimistic, angry, or sarcastic.
33Voice: The authorial presence in a piece of literature whether in the first, second, or third person.