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Chapter 23. A long, thin light bulb illuminates a vertical aperture. Which pattern of light do you see on a viewing screen behind the aperture? (1) (2)

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 23. A long, thin light bulb illuminates a vertical aperture. Which pattern of light do you see on a viewing screen behind the aperture? (1) (2)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 23

2 A long, thin light bulb illuminates a vertical aperture. Which pattern of light do you see on a viewing screen behind the aperture? (1) (2) (3) (4)

3 A long, thin light bulb illuminates a vertical aperture. Which pattern of light do you see on a viewing screen behind the aperture? (1) (2)(3) (4)

4 Two plane mirrors form a right angle. How many images of the ball can you see in the mirrors?

5 Two plane mirrors form a right angle. How many images of the ball can you see in the mirrors?

6 A light ray travels from medium 1 to medium 3 as shown. For these media, 1. n 3 < n n 3 = n n 3 > n We can’t compare n 1 to n 3 without knowing n 2.

7 A light ray travels from medium 1 to medium 3 as shown. For these media, 1. n 3 < n n 3 = n n 3 > n We can’t compare n 1 to n 3 without knowing n 2.

8 1. The image will be as it was, but much dimmer. 2. The image will be right-side-up and sharp. 3. The image will be right-side-up and blurry. 4. The image will be inverted and blurry. 5. There will be no image at all. A lens produces a sharply- focused, inverted image on a screen. What will you see on the screen if the lens is removed?

9 1. The image will be as it was, but much dimmer. 2. The image will be right-side-up and sharp. 3. The image will be right-side-up and blurry. 4. The image will be inverted and blurry. 5. There will be no image at all. A lens produces a sharply- focused, inverted image on a screen. What will you see on the screen if the lens is removed?

10 1. Increase the radius of curvature R. 2. Increase the index of refraction n. 3. Increase the object distance s. 4. Decrease the radius of curvature R. Which of these actions will move the image point P´ further from the boundary?

11 1. Increase the radius of curvature R. 2. Increase the index of refraction n. 3. Increase the object distance s. 4. Decrease the radius of curvature R. Which of these actions will move the image point P´ further from the boundary?

12 The image of a slide on the screen is blurry because the screen is in front of the image plane. To focus the image, should you move the lens toward the slide or away from the slide? 1. Toward the slide. 2. Away from the slide.

13 1. Toward the slide. 2. Away from the slide. The image of a slide on the screen is blurry because the screen is in front of the image plane. To focus the image, should you move the lens toward the slide or away from the slide?

14 1. w 1 > w 4 > w 2 = w 3 2. w 1 = w 2 > w 3 > w 4 3. w 2 = w 3 > w 4 > w 1 4. w 4 > w 3 > w 1 = w 2 5. w 2 > w 1 = w 3 > w 4 Four diffraction-limited lenses focus plane waves of light with the same wavelength. Rank order, from largest to smallest, the spot sizes w 1 to w 4.

15 1. w 1 > w 4 > w 2 = w 3 2. w 1 = w 2 > w 3 > w 4 3. w 2 = w 3 > w 4 > w 1 4. w 4 > w 3 > w 1 = w 2 5. w 2 > w 1 = w 3 > w 4 Four diffraction-limited lenses focus plane waves of light with the same wavelength. Rank order, from largest to smallest, the spot sizes w 1 to w 4.

16 Chapter 23 Reading Quiz

17 What is specular reflection? 1. The image of a specimen. 2. A reflection that separates different colors. 3. Reflection by a flat smooth object. 4. When the image is virtual and special. 5. This topic is not covered in Chapter 23.

18 What is specular reflection? 1. The image of a specimen. 2. A reflection that separates different colors. 3. Reflection by a flat smooth object. 4. When the image is virtual and special. 5. This topic is not covered in Chapter 23.

19 A paraxial ray 1. moves in a parabolic path. 2. is a ray that has been reflected from parabolic mirror. 3. is a ray that moves nearly parallel to the optical axis. 4. is a ray that moves exactly parallel to the optical axis.

20 A paraxial ray 1. moves in a parabolic path. 2. is a ray that has been reflected from parabolic mirror. 3. is a ray that moves nearly parallel to the optical axis. 4. is a ray that moves exactly parallel to the optical axis.

21 A virtual image is 1. the cause of optical illusions. 2. a point from which rays appear to diverge. 3. an image that only seems to exist. 4. the image that is left in space after you remove a viewing screen.

22 A virtual image is 1. the cause of optical illusions. 2. a point from which rays appear to diverge. 3. an image that only seems to exist. 4. the image that is left in space after you remove a viewing screen.

23 The focal length of a converging lens is 1. the distance at which an image is formed. 2. the distance at which an object must be placed to form an image. 3. the distance at which parallel light rays are focused. 4. the distance from the front surface to the back surface.

24 The focal length of a converging lens is 1. the distance at which an image is formed. 2. the distance at which an object must be placed to form an image. 3. the distance at which parallel light rays are focused. 4. the distance from the front surface to the back surface.


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