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The ‘Vietnam War’ Or The American War in Vietnam.

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Presentation on theme: "The ‘Vietnam War’ Or The American War in Vietnam."— Presentation transcript:

1 The ‘Vietnam War’ Or The American War in Vietnam

2 WHERE IS VIETNAM

3 A LITTLE BIT OF HISTORY FRENCH COLONY Invasion: Vietnamese resistance in 19 th C 20thC – nobody would help except USSR Nationalist hero: leader of independence movement: Nguyen Ai Quoc (the Patriot) = Ho Chi Minh (the Enlightened One)

4 JAPANESE WAR VIETNAMESE LED BY HO CHI MINH ALLIES WITH USA: COMMON ENEMY DECLARED INDEPENDENCE 1946 USING WORDS OF AMERICAN DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE FROM 1776

5 BAC HO/UNCLE HO

6 FRENCH WAR FRANCE CAME BACK! (UNWANTED BY VIETNAMESE) WAR AMERICA SUPPORTED FRANCE BECAUSE HO WAS A SOCIALIST: PART OF COLD WAR AND SPREAD OF COMMUNISM NO AMERICAN TROOPS: SUPPLIES/WEAPONS FRANCE LOST: 1954 DIENBIENPHU BATTLE

7 VIETNAM DIVIDED 1954

8 CIVIL WAR VIETNAM DIVIDED BY OUTSIDE POWERS: THEY DID NOT AGREE NORTH A COMMUNIST COUNTRY SOUTH A ‘DEMOCRACY’ (DICTATORSHIP BUT ANTI-COMMUNIST) COMMUNIST REBELLION IN THE SOUTH AIM: INDEPENDENCE & UNIFICATION BY 1963 NLF (COMMUNISTS) WINNING

9 AMERICA TO THE RESCUE 1964 NORTH VIETNAM ‘INVADES’ SOUTH VIETNAM Our purpose in Vietnam is to prevent the success of aggression. It is not conquest, it is not empire, it is not foreign bases, it is not domination. It is, simply put, just to prevent the forceful conquest of South Vietnam by North Vietnam. Lyndon B. Johnson: President of USA Americans could not conceive that they would be unable to impose their will on what Lyndon Johnson once dismissed as that "raggedy- ass little fourth-rate country." There was no need to think in terms of strategy. Lyndon B. Johnson

10 AMERICA RECRUITS ALLIES 1965 No support from any country in Europe Australia New Zealand Philippines South Korea were the main allies AUSTRALIA 30 in in ,000 served 521 killed wounded

11 ALL THE WAY WITH LBJ

12 VIETNAM WAR BECOMES UNPOPULAR INFLUENCE OF US ANTIWAR PROTESTS PEOPLE STARTED TO RESEARCH VIETNAMESE HISTORY: WAS GOVERNMENT TELLING THE TRUTH? WAR WASN’T BEING WON! QUESTIONS OF MORALITY: WAS THE WAR RIGHT?

13 AMERICAN MORATORIUM MOVEMENT The Vietnam War brought down a President Lyndon Johnson pulled out rather than risk losing to anti-war public opinion and Robert kennedy FibDxpkb0 FibDxpkb0

14 MORAL OUTRAGE AT IMAGES OF THE WAR

15 SOUTH VIETNAMESE GOVERNMENT RESPONSE KEkc KEkc

16 EXECUTION IN THE STREET 1968

17 US USE OF NAPALM A ‘JELLY’ WHICH BURNS THE SKIN

18 US ANTIWAR MOVEMENT

19 POSTERS

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24 PROTEST IN AUSTRALIA An antiwar march in Melbourne

25 PROTEST POSTER AUSTRALIA

26 AUSTRALIAN PROTESTS

27 NATIONAL SERVICE: CONSCRIPTION Ballot based on birth date 20 Year old civilian men could be sent to Vietnam 19,450 were: 200 were killed there There was active resistance to this Conscientious objectors SAVE OUR SONS movement

28 THE MORAL ARGUMENT PRO-WAR PATRIOTISM LOYALTY HELPING OUR FRIEND:USA ANTI-WAR THIS WAR IMMORAL THIS WAR UNWINNABLE AUSTRALIA SHOULD MAKE ITS OWN DECISIONS

29 THE FAIRLEA FIVE Jailed for 11 days for handing out leaflets

30 IF YOU ARE WONDERING WHAT HAPPENED! AMERICA OUT BY 1973 – declared a victory and withdrew! AUSTRALIA OUT 1972: WHITLAM LABOUR GOVERNMENT VIETNAM UNIFIED UNDER COMMUNIST GOVERNMENT: NORTHERN DOMINATED: 1975 VIETNAM STILL UNIFIED: STILL COMMUNIST

31 VIETNAM STILL PAYING THE PRICE MORE BOMBS DROPPED ON VIETNAM THAN ON ALL CLOUNTRIES IN WW2 AMERICANS USED CHEMICAL BOMBS IN SOUTH: AGENT ORANGE: DEFORMED BABIES STILL BEING BORN IN VIETNAM: SOME EX- SERVICEMEN’S HEALTH WAS AFFECTED


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