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STRESS MANAGEMENT & RESILIENCE Group Captain Richard Castle PhD MDA BA C.Psychol RAF HQ AIR – DACOS Personnel Policy.

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Presentation on theme: "STRESS MANAGEMENT & RESILIENCE Group Captain Richard Castle PhD MDA BA C.Psychol RAF HQ AIR – DACOS Personnel Policy."— Presentation transcript:

1 STRESS MANAGEMENT & RESILIENCE Group Captain Richard Castle PhD MDA BA C.Psychol RAF HQ AIR – DACOS Personnel Policy

2 Stress and Human Reactions RAF Stress Management & Resilience Policy Q&A

3 WHAT IS STRESS? STRESS is an EXCESS of DEMANDS on an INDIVIDUAL which is beyond their ABILITY TO COPE RESILIENCE covers INTERVENTIONS to improve INDIVIDUAL COPING MECHANISMS

4 TRAUMA DEFINITION “An Event of Such Emotional Intensity that it breaks through the body’s normal defences and floods it with an uncontrollable Anxiety” (Freud, 1921)

5 WHY BOTHER ?

6 PERSONAL LIFE EVENTS ATTEMPTED MURDER RAPE SUDDEN LOSS OF PARTNER CUMULATIVE STRESSORS

7 SECONDARY STRESS RESPONSE Disturbed Sleep Patterns Irritability and Anger Outbursts Difficulty in Concentrating Hyper-Vigilance Exaggerated Startle Response Detachment from others Diminished Interest in Normal Activities

8 AT WORST Third Stage of Adaptive Syndrome Depressive Symptoms Exhaustion and Mental Breakdown Relationship Breakdown Chronic Adjustment Disorder Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Increased Risk of Suicide

9 THE INDIVIDUAL REACTION Response will depend on personality of individual pre-disaster: - Genes - Upbringing - Life Experience And Response of Support Services

10 RAF STRESS MANAGEMENT AND RESILIENCE POLICY

11 OP STRESS MGT POLICY – JAN 07 Roles for Leadership & the Individual Pre-Deployment – briefing and interview In-theatre – including decompression option/POR Return to PU – POL Post-Deployment – interview, Risk assessment/awareness, ongoing support Interviews mandatory, sharing of personal info is not Involvement of Family Groups

12 OP STRESS MGT POLICY – MAY 08 New Issue – Main additions: In-theatre – Reporting requirement to PU Risk Assessment to determine “Decompression” activity requirements Trauma Risk Methodology (TRiM) Post Deployment – Introduction of “Stn Recall Days” Attention on those with unpleasant roles or removed from the immediate discomfort of the battle zone

13 RAF POLICY Holistic Stress Mgt & Resilience Policy, May 08 Stressors & Vulnerable Individual Operational Stress Management Occupational Stress Management Suicide & Deliberate Self Harm Training Families Resources

14 ISSUES TO CONSIDER Episode(s) not confined to short-term Potential for Cumulative stress Awareness of potential symptoms Do not forget “Uninjured” participants Link with family paramount Counselling Skills Vs Leadership Major Event: Focus for “Acceptance”


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