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Modern Philosophy Part two
Baruch Spinoza Background Early years The road to excommunicationLenses & philosophy Works
Spinoza: Goals & MethodsGoal: Freedom Ethics Method Foundation Assumptions
Spinoza: EpistemologyTruth Necessity Appearance of contingency Ideas Opinion/Imagination Reason Intuition
Spinoza: Metaphysics Substance Defining substance InfinityDefining God Ontological Argument for God’s existence God Argument for one substance Pantheism Is God a Person
Spinoza: Metaphysics Atheist or Mystic Freedom & necessity LabelsFalse Dilemma Freedom & necessity Apparent contradiction Creation & Necessity Two types of events Free Will
Spinoza: Metaphysics Mind-Body problem God’s attributes Mind-Body
Spinoza: Ethics Freedom Overview Method Self PreservationSelf-awareness The Mind Comprehensive understanding
Spinoza: Ethics Good & Evil Love & Immortality Self-preservationIntellectual love of God Immortality
Spinoza: Criticism/ImpactConclusion The Wise man Criticism Desirable Coherent Impact 18th Century 19th Century 20th Century
Leibniz: Background German Culture Background for Leibniz StagnantEarly years Professional career Diplomacy Works
Leibniz: Goal & Method Goal Logical Method Unified Logic MethodApplication of the method Assumptions
Leibniz: EpistemologyInnate Ideas Against Locke The Mind Against the empiricists
Leibniz: Epistemology Necessity & ContingencyTruths of Reason & Truths of Fact Truths of reason Truths of fact Necessary & contingent truths Deduction
Leibniz: Metaphysics GodProofs for God’s existence Proof of God’s existence by possibility & necessity Perfection Existence Cosmological Argument Two principles Two kinds of truth Sufficient Reason
Leibniz: Metaphysics Problem of EvilBest of All Possible Worlds The best world God’s choice Diversity No Better Possible World Intellectualist view The Problem & Reply The Best Denial of pantheism
Leibniz: Metaphysics Problem of EvilEvil as Privation The question Origin of evil-the ancients Origin of evil-intellectualist view Understanding & necessity Analogy of the Boats Boats The Analogy Defects
Leibniz: Metaphysics Metaphysical PointsProblems & Solutions Introduction Problems with Cartesian matter Problems with Spinoza Rejection of materialism Phenomenology Metaphysical Points
Leibniz: Metaphysics MonadsNature of Monads Introduction Minds Perception Continuity The identity of indiscernibles
Leibniz: Metaphysics MonadsWindowless Monads Windowless Pre-Established harmony Inner World One World Space & Time Extended Things
Leibniz: Metaphysics MonadsMind-Body Problem Bodies Interaction Teleology & Mechanism Reconciliation Two Realms Freedom & Determinism Freedom Compatibilism
Leibniz: Metaphysics MonadsThe City of God Souls Why did God create the world? Harmony, reward & punishment Machinery of Justice
Leibniz: Metaphysics Problems & ImpactThe best of all possible worlds Freedom Collapse to Spinoza Impact Dominant Lost potential Universal, logically perfect language
Modal Versions of the Ontological Argument Based on Alvin Plantingas discussion in God, Freedom, and Evil (1974).
WORLD VIEWS: WHAT IS TRUE?
The Importance of the Problem of Evil It is the only apparent proof of atheism It is universal It is not just a theoretical problem it is a practical.
Open Access Copyright © All Rights Reserved IO Analysis 101 Reflections by Robert Steele 16 March 2006 NOTE: Each Slide Has Words in Notes Format.
BEING B Opposition Same & Other Chance Change One & Many Cause Sign & Symbol Universal & Particular Necessity & Contingency.
Modern Philosophy Part One.
Modern Philosophy PART FOUR. David Hume Background General Background Life & Writings Other publications & career Goals Motivation Goal.
. Philosophy is the “Love of Wisdom” o From
Age of Reason Revolutionary Time Period. Scientific Revolution Work of Copernicus, Kepler, Newton, and Galileo destroyed the old notion that the earth.
The Rationalists: Leibniz Individual Substances
Vocabulary for introduction to Comparative Religion 1.Animism – Animism is the belief in the existence of spirits, demons, or gods that inhabit animals.
French philosopher, mathematician and physical scientist (optics, physics, physiology) Father of Early Modern Rationalist Philosophy Early Modern.
Leibniz Part 1. Short Biography Leibniz ( ) was the son of a professor of philosophy who had earned his doctorate in law by 21. He invented.
1 The Rationalists: Spinoza Human Beings Soazig Le Bihan - University of Montana.
The Basics: Some Familiar Territory Plato’s knowledge as memory, learning as remembering. Innate ideas. A priori knowledge. Logical “truths” that describe.
How Philosophy is Integrated Term 1:Philosophy Term 2:Scripture Term 3:Justice Term 4:Spirituality (Anglican tradition and practice throughout year)
Introduction to Ethics Lecture 9 The Challenge of Cultural Relativism By David Kelsey.
The Rationalists: Descartes Certainty: Self and God
The Cosmological Argument The idea that there is a first cause behind the existence of the universe.
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