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Climate change and decadal variability of Chinese summer rainfall: a modelling study Yonghui Lei, Brian Hoskins, Julia Slingo and Andy Turner.

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Presentation on theme: "Climate change and decadal variability of Chinese summer rainfall: a modelling study Yonghui Lei, Brian Hoskins, Julia Slingo and Andy Turner."— Presentation transcript:

1 Climate change and decadal variability of Chinese summer rainfall: a modelling study Yonghui Lei, Brian Hoskins, Julia Slingo and Andy Turner

2 Observed decadal variability in the period

3 Decadal variability in the period using CRU dataset

4 Outline  Can HadCM3 simulate the observed decadal variability of Chinese summer rainfall without additional forcing? Changes in the mean state Changes in extreme Changes in variability  How may Chinese summer rainfall respond to doubled CO2 according to HadCM3?

5 Internal decadal variability in the 1000-year control run of HadCM3

6 Observation-like decadal variability identified in the 1000-year control run

7 Observation-like decadal variability in the 51-year period (the model year 590±25)

8 Regressions of surface temperature on decadal rainfall time series in the 51-year period Regression on PC1Regression on PC2

9  Can HadCM3 simulate the observed decadal variability of Chinese summer rainfall without additional forcing? Yes! In general, internal decadal variability of Chinese summer rainfall is associated with decadal variability in the tropics. A particular 51-year period has remarkable similarity with observations in the recent 50 years for both Chinese summer rainfall and other large-scale variables. Summary I

10 Changes in the climate of Chinese summer rainfall in the 2xCO2 run (I) 2xCO2 - control percentage AmountIntensityFrequency

11 Changes in the climate of Chinese summer rainfall in the 2xCO2 run (II)

12 Changes in the climate of Chinese summer rainfall in the 2xCO2 run (III)

13 Changes in extreme events of Chinese summer rainfall in the 2xCO2 run Percentile (%) mm/day

14 The dominant Chinese rainfall patterns in the control and 2xCO2 runs (I) 1xCO2 2xCO2

15 The dominant Chinese rainfall patterns in the control and 2xCO2 runs (II) 1xCO22xCO2 1xCO22xCO2

16 The dominant Chinese rainfall patterns in the control and 2xCO2 runs (III)

17 Uncertainty of decadal variability in the control and 2xCO2 runs (I)

18 Uncertainty of decadal variability in the control and 2xCO2 runs (II)

19  How may Chinese summer rainfall respond to doubled CO2 according to HadCM3? Mean: Chinese summer rainfall increases, except the Yangtze River valley; Intensity increases everywhere; Decreases in the frequency over the east and increases over the northwest. Summary II

20  How may Chinese summer rainfall respond to doubled CO2 according to HadCM3? Summary II Increases in extreme events, consistent with the Clausius- Clapeyron relationship Variability: Increases in interannual variability are very likely with global warming, which may be associated with the strengthened El Nino events. Changes in decadal variability are unclear.

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