Presentation on theme: "Chapter 10 Are there Rival Causes?. 1. A plausible alternative explanation that can explain why a certain outcome occurred is 13 a.an excuse b.a filibuster."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 10 Are there Rival Causes?
1. A plausible alternative explanation that can explain why a certain outcome occurred is 13 a.an excuse b.a filibuster c.a rival cause
2. The following key words indicate causal thinking, except 10 a.increases the likelihood b.in contrast c.contributes to d.deters
3. Whose responsibility is it to generate rival causes? 10 a.non-profit organizations b.the author or speaker c.the government d.the critical reader or listener
4. Causal oversimplification ignores 10 a.contributory causes b.a cause, not the cause c.critical thinking d.all of the above
5. If a study is carried out using proper scientific research you dont have to consider rival causes. 10 a.True b.False
6. Failing to recognize that two events may be influencing each other is a reasoning fallacy 10 a.called Neglect of a Common Cause b.that you should look out for c.called Confusion of Cause and Effect d.both b and c
7. Neglect of a ______ Cause is a fallacy that doesnt recognize that ______ events may be related because of the effects of a ______ factor. 10 a.contributory, some, outside b.common, two, third c.primary, associated, correlating
8. Which is not an example of Post hoc Fallacy in reasoning? 10 a.Never walk under ladders. b.My dating life increased after my cosmetic surgery. c.More people lost their jobs right after Obama was elected.
9. Which is not an example of the fundamental attribution error? 20 a.Of course she can, shes Hispanic. b.Thats just the way he is. c.The devil made me do it! d.Boys will be boys
10. In evaluating rival causes, you should look at 10 a.their emotional soundness b.their consistency with other knowledge that you have c.their future success in explaining or predicting events