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Learning Shared Body Plans Ian Endres University of Illinois work with Derek Hoiem, Vivek Srikumar and Ming-Wei Chang.

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Presentation on theme: "Learning Shared Body Plans Ian Endres University of Illinois work with Derek Hoiem, Vivek Srikumar and Ming-Wei Chang."— Presentation transcript:

1 Learning Shared Body Plans Ian Endres University of Illinois work with Derek Hoiem, Vivek Srikumar and Ming-Wei Chang

2 How should we represent multiple related object categories?

3 Want to detect, localize, and estimate pose of broad range of objects, including new ones

4 One option: independent detectors Cat Detector Dog Detector 4-Legged Animal Detector Basic-Level Categories Broad Categories Parts … Head Detector

5 Our previous work: Train separate detectors, Joint spatial model Vehicle Wheel Animal Leg Head Four-legged Mammal Can run Can Jump Facing right Moves on road Facing right Farhadi Endres Hoiem (2010)

6 Jointly trained multi-category models Train part/category detectors to jointly predict object structure – Only need to perform well in context defined by others Spatial model encodes likely part positions, number of parts, likely categories, etc. – Generalizes Felzenszwalb et al.: cross-category sharing, multiple parts with one model, variable size

7 Deformable Part Models From Felzenszwalb et al.

8 Detection with Deformable Part Models From Felzenszwalb et al.

9 Shared mixture of deformable parts: Body Plans Include a body plan for background patches: No appearance models, just a bias

10 Body Plan Overview Object Center Head Anchors High Scoring Detections

11 Anchor Point Score S a = bias + appearance score - deformation cost HOG based Deformable part model (Felzenszwalb et al.) Quadratic penalty in position and scale S a = bias + appearance score - deformation cost Overall score must be greater than 0 to be detected

12 Inference: Head ✓

13 Inference: Leg

14 ✓ Search Constraints: Count Pairwise Exclusion

15 Inference: Leg ✓

16 ✓ ✓

17 ✓ ✓

18 ✓ ✓ ✓

19 ✓ ✓ ✓

20 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓

21 Inference Score for each body plan: Overall score for an object hypothesis:

22 Benefits of Joint Learning Only consider structures with:

23 Benefits of Joint Learning No structures have

24 (Latent) Max Margin Structured Learning Highest Scoring Valid Structure Invalid Structure Loss Soft margin slack

25 Valid Structures LEG Head Four-legged Elk Object Detectors:50% Overlap with ground truth Part Detectors:25% Overlap with ground truth Positive ExamplesNegative Examples Must select BG body plan

26 Loss LEG Head Four-legged Elk False Positives: +1 Duplicate Detections: +1 Missed Detections: + 1 Head LEG Positive ExamplesNegative Examples Non-BG body plan: +1 False Positives: +1

27 Optimization Latent Structured SVM – Non-convex - CCCP Stochastic gradient descent based cutting plane optimization

28 Optimization Challenges 1)Expensive search for violated constraints – Mine many violated constraints at once – Speeds convergence 2)Large feature vectors (100k+) – Can’t store every mined violated constraint – Requires careful caching

29 Experimental Setup CORE: Train + Test – Familiar Categories: Camel, Dog, Elephant, Elk – Parts: Head, Leg, Torso – Unfamiliar Categories: Cat, Cow Pascal 2008: Test – Unfamiliar Categories: Cat, Cow, Horse, Sheep

30 Familiar Objects Unfamiliar Objects

31 Mistakes

32 Object Level Results AP

33 Familiar four-legged parts AP

34 Unfamiliar four-legged parts AP

35 Mixed Supervision LEGLEG LEGLEG LEGLEG Head Four-legged Dog LEGLEG LEGLEG LEGLEG Four-legged Dog LEGLEG LEGLEG Head Learning

36 Mixed Supervision LEGLEG LEGLEG LEGLEG Head Four-legged Dog LEGLEG Four-legged Dog + LEGLEG LEGLEG Four-legged Dog LEGLEG LEGLEG Head Learning

37 Mixed Supervision - Learning Unlabeled boxes become latent variables – Compute most likely positition – No loss for missed detections Highest Scoring Valid Structure Loss

38 Mixed Supervision … Mixed Results AP

39 Conclusions Jointly representing related categories leads to better performance and generalization to unfamiliar categories Joint training important to get full benefit of spatial model

40 Thanks


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