Presentation on theme: "Marbury v. Madison 1803 The Most Significant and Controversial Supreme Court Case in History!"— Presentation transcript:
Marbury v. Madison 1803 The Most Significant and Controversial Supreme Court Case in History!
Character List – Marbury v. Madison 1803 President John Adams: - 1797 - 1801 - made “midnight” appointments to newly created government offices in the administration William Marbury: - appointed Justice of Peace for District of Columbia last minute of Adams’s presidency
Character List – Marbury v. Madison 1803 Thomas Jefferson: new president in 1800 - angry at the fact that federalists tried to keep a hand in the administration - ordered James Madison NOT to deliver the remaining commissions of appointments remaining commissions of appointments James Madison: Jefferson’s new secretary of state ordered NOT to deliver appointments
John Marshall: - Secretary of State during Adams’s presidency AND the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court in the ruling!
Background Information/Facts Box #1 - Election of 1800 = T. Jefferson - Adams = last minute appts. before switch - Madison does not deliver Marbury’s appt. - Marbury takes the issue to the Supreme Court demanding the commission based on the Judiciary Act of 1789 * the establishment of the judicial branch to exist and appear in the Constitution outlining the basic components (judges and jurisdiction) * it DID NOT give the judicial branch the POWER TO INTERPRET LAW IN COURT CASES (judicial review)!!
Amendment/Issue Being Challenged Does Supreme Court have the power to interpret the Constitution? Does Supreme Court have the power to interpret the Constitution? Does the judicial branch NEED this power to make decisions over controversies?
Ruling Constitution DOES NOT state that judicial branch has power to interpret the Constitution. Constitution DOES NOT state that judicial branch has power to interpret the Constitution. Madison violated Marbury’s right to appointment, BUT Marbury DID NOT receive appointment
Significance ** JUDICIAL REVIEW!!! gives S.C. power to interpret the Const. (Const. or Unconst.)