Presentation on theme: "The Most Significant and Controversial Supreme Court Case in History!"— Presentation transcript:
1The Most Significant and Controversial Supreme Court Case in History! Marbury v. Madison 1803The Most Significant and Controversial Supreme Court Case in History!
2Character List – Marbury v. Madison 1803 President John Adams:made “midnight” appointments to newlycreated government offices in theadministrationWilliam Marbury:appointed Justice of Peace for District of Columbia last minute of Adams’s presidency
3Character List – Marbury v. Madison 1803 Thomas Jefferson: new president in 1800angry at the fact that federalists tried to keep a hand in the administrationordered James Madison NOT to deliver theremaining commissions of appointmentsJames Madison: Jefferson’s new secretary of state ordered NOT to deliver appointments
4John Marshall:Secretary of State during Adams’s presidency AND the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court in the ruling!
5Background Information/Facts Box #1 Election of 1800 = T. JeffersonAdams = last minute appts. before switchMadison does not deliver Marbury’s appt.Marbury takes the issue to the Supreme Court demanding the commission based on the Judiciary Act of 1789* the establishment of the judicial branch to exist and appear in the Constitution outlining the basic components (judges and jurisdiction)* it DID NOT give the judicial branch the POWER TO INTERPRET LAW IN COURT CASES (judicial review)!!
6Amendment/Issue Being Challenged Does Supreme Court have the power to interpret the Constitution?Does the judicial branch NEED this power to make decisions over controversies?
7RulingConstitution DOES NOT state that judicial branch has power to interpret the Constitution.Madison violated Marbury’s right to appointment, BUT Marbury DID NOT receive appointment
8Significance ** JUDICIAL REVIEW!!! gives S.C. power to interpret the Const. (Const. or Unconst.)