Presentation on theme: "The Most Significant and Controversial Supreme Court Case in History!"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Most Significant and Controversial Supreme Court Case in History! Marbury v. Madison 1803The Most Significant and Controversial Supreme Court Case in History!
2 Character List – Marbury v. Madison 1803 President John Adams:made “midnight” appointments to newlycreated government offices in theadministrationWilliam Marbury:appointed Justice of Peace for District of Columbia last minute of Adams’s presidency
3 Character List – Marbury v. Madison 1803 Thomas Jefferson: new president in 1800angry at the fact that federalists tried to keep a hand in the administrationordered James Madison NOT to deliver theremaining commissions of appointmentsJames Madison: Jefferson’s new secretary of state ordered NOT to deliver appointments
4 John Marshall:Secretary of State during Adams’s presidency AND the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court in the ruling!
5 Background Information/Facts Box #1 Election of 1800 = T. JeffersonAdams = last minute appts. before switchMadison does not deliver Marbury’s appt.Marbury takes the issue to the Supreme Court demanding the commission based on the Judiciary Act of 1789* the establishment of the judicial branch to exist and appear in the Constitution outlining the basic components (judges and jurisdiction)* it DID NOT give the judicial branch the POWER TO INTERPRET LAW IN COURT CASES (judicial review)!!
6 Amendment/Issue Being Challenged Does Supreme Court have the power to interpret the Constitution?Does the judicial branch NEED this power to make decisions over controversies?
7 RulingConstitution DOES NOT state that judicial branch has power to interpret the Constitution.Madison violated Marbury’s right to appointment, BUT Marbury DID NOT receive appointment
8 Significance ** JUDICIAL REVIEW!!! gives S.C. power to interpret the Const. (Const. or Unconst.)