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Jefferson Takes Office

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1 Jefferson Takes Office
When Jefferson becomes president in 1801, his party replaces Federalist programs with his own

2 Candidates in the Election of 1800
Thomas Jefferson, Aaron Burr are the Democratic Republican candidates Believe the Alien and Sedition Acts violate Bill of Rights

3 Aaron Burr

4 Candidates in the Election of 1800 continued
John Adams is the Federalist candidate Thinks radicals, people with extreme political views will ruin nation

5 The winners are.. Burr and Jefferson defeat Adams in presidential election Burr, Jefferson receive the same number of electoral votes

6 Breaking the Tie House of Representatives breaks Burr/Jefferson tie
Federalists control the House of Representatives Some Federalists fear Jefferson’s views Others, like Alexander Hamilton, feel Burr is unreliable House elects Jefferson as president

7 The Talented Jefferson
Jefferson has many talents Advises Washington D.C. architects Skilled violinist, horseman, scientist, reader Book collection becomes the core for the Library of Congress

8 Thomas Jefferson

9 Jefferson’s Philosophy
Jefferson seeks to end many Federalist policies Allows Alien and Sedition Acts to end Ends many taxes including whiskey tax Reduces the number of Federal employees, government debt

10 Marshall and the Judiciary
Adams uses Judiciary Act of 1801 to appoint many Federalist judges Jefferson is frustrated with Federalist judiciary Cannot change judges because they are appointed for life

11 Before leaving office, Adams picks Chief Justice of Supreme Court
Federalist Chief Justice John Marshall in office for over thirty years Strengthens the federal courts, presides over Marbury v. Madison, 1803

12 John Marshal

13 Marbury v. Madison Before leaving office, Adams picks William Marbury as a justice New Secretary of State James Madison refuses to install Marbury Marbury sues, case goes to Supreme Court

14 Marbury v Madison

15 Courts Ruling Court rules that law under which Marbury sues is unconstitutional Unconstitutional means to contradict the law of the Constitution

16 Judicial Review Judicial review – Supreme Court has the final say in interpreting the Constitution Helps establish balance between the 3 government branches

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