Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

WAVES Unit C Resource _ Resource _

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "WAVES Unit C Resource _ Resource _"— Presentation transcript:

1 WAVES Unit C Resource _ Resource _

2 Big Ideas 1.1 Waves Transfer energy 1.2 Waves have measurable properties 1.3 Waves behave in predictable ways.

3 The Nature of Waves What is a wave? A wave is a repeating disturbance or movement that transfers energy through matter or space

4 Waves transfer energy not matter. The water waves below are carrying energy but are not moving. Waves can only exist as they have energy to carry.

5 *Mechanical waves are waves which require a medium. A medium is a form of matter through which the wave travels (such as water, air, glass, etc.) *Waves such as light, x-rays, and other forms of radiation do not require a medium.

6 What are the two kinds of mechanical waves? 1. 1.Transverse Longitudinal

7 In a transverse wave the matter in the wave moves up and down at a right angle to the direction of the wave Transverse waves— The motion of particles is at 90 0 angles Example – rope, water waves, light waves

8 Example of a transverse wave:

9 Water waves transfer energy through matter (mechanical waves): Particles of water move around in circles. The farther below the surface, the smaller the circle.

10 In a longitudinal wave the matter in the wave moves back and forth, parallel to the direction of the wave. Observe the red line Also called compression waves

11 You can see the result of vibrations that create motion in the water to produce waves on the beach. As the wave slows, its crest and trough come closer together. The top of the wave is not slowed by friction and moves faster than the bottom.

12 12 Longitudinal vs. Transverse Waves Sound is a longitudinal wave, meaning that the motion of particles is along the same direction of the force

13 What are earthquake waves (seismic waves)? An energy wave that --vibrates through the earth’s crust as the crust bends or breaks. --seismic waves produce both transverse and longitudinal waves. --Some travel through the earth and some travel across the earth’s surface.

14 Anatomy of a Seismic Wave When the Earth’s crust breaks, energy that is When the Earth’s crust breaks, energy that is released transmits outward, causing an released transmits outward, causing an earthquake. Some waves travel through the earth earthquake. Some waves travel through the earth and some travel across the earth’s surface. and some travel across the earth’s surface.

15 What do transverse, longitudinal, sound waves and seismic waves have in common? They all must travel through a MEDIUM…..any matter (air, water, ground) Electromagnetic waves DO NOT require a medium.

16 Examples of electromagnetic waves Radio waves Microwaves infrared waves ultraviolet light (UV light from sun) X-rays gamma-rays

17 What are the parts of a transverse wave? crest The crest is the highest point on a transverse wave. trough The trough is the lowest point on a transverse wave. node The rest position or fixed position of the wave is called the node or nodal line.

18 What is a wavelength? wavelength The wavelength is the distance from one crest to another crest or the distance from one trough to another trough.

19 Parts of a wave Crest Crest Trough Wavelength Wave height

20 Longitudinal (Compressional) wave compression On a longitudinal wave the area squeezed together is called the compression. rarefaction The areas spread out are called the rarefaction.

21 Longitudinal (compressional) wave wavelength The wavelength is the distance from the center of one compression to the center of the next compression.

22 Important Wave Terms Wavelength (λ)Wavelength (λ) is a measure of distance, so the units for wavelength are always distance units, such as meters, etc Frequency (f)Frequency (f) is the number of waves that pass through a point in one second. The unit for frequency is waves per second or Hertz (Hz). One Hz = One wave per second amplitudeThe amplitude of a wave is directly related to the energy of a wave

23 How are Frequency and Wavelength Related? The smaller the wavelength, the more times it will pass through a point in one second. The larger the wavelength, the fewer times it will pass through a point in one second. PeriodPeriod is the time it takes for one full wavelength to pass a certain point.

24 The amplitude in a longitudinal wave depends on how dense the medium is at each compression at each compression. A.High amplitude B.Low amplitude

25 The amplitude of a transverse wave is determined by the height of the crest or depth of the trough. What is amplitude?

26 The Behavior of Waves What is reflection? When a wave bounces off an object and changes direction – this is reflection.

27 What is refraction? Refraction is the bending of a wave as it passes from one medium to another. A wave travels at different speeds in different things. When a wave traveling a certain speed moves into another medium, it will either increase in speed or decrease in speed, resulting in a change in direction. The pencil looks like it is broken at the surface of the water because of Refraction

28 If you are in a swimming pool under water and If you are in a swimming pool under water and look up and saw a ball, Is the ball really directly above you? look up and saw a ball, Is the ball really directly above you?

29 Refraction

30 What is diffraction? Diffraction occurs when an object (island) causes a wave to change direction and bend around it.

31 Diffraction also occurs when passing through a small opening. They diffract and spread out as they pass through the hole.

32 What is wave interference? Waves interfere in one of two ways: Constructive Interference and Destructive Interference.

33

34 1.How many centimeters (cm) are on the graph? Each green 1.How many centimeters (cm) are on the graph? Each green mark on the horizontal line represents a cm. 2. How many cm did the wave travel? on the graph 3. How many wavelengths are on the graph? Warm up Name, Date - 2/20/1011

35

36 Examples of electromagnetic waves Radio waves Microwaves infrared waves ultraviolet light (UV light from sun) X-rays gamma-rays


Download ppt "WAVES Unit C Resource _ Resource _"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google