Presentation on theme: "By: Beneberu T., Lemma H.Y., Shenkute G., Aschalew T., and Solomon G."— Presentation transcript:
1 Sheep and feed value chain analysis in the central highlands of Ethiopia By: Beneberu T., Lemma H.Y., Shenkute G., Aschalew T., and Solomon G.Debre Birhan Agricultural Research Center, Debre Birhan, EthiopiaILRI, Addis Ababa, May 2012
2 IntroductionSheep are owned by smallholder farmers as an integral part of the livestock sub-sector and contribute to both subsistence and cash income generationIt is common to see a stack of crop residues around villages as the farmer is aware of the monetary and feed value of crop residues.Generally, it seems that there is a limited information on sheep and feed value chain and how the markets are functioning.
3 ObjectivesTo analyze sheep and feed value chain and assess the determinants of sheep and feed market supply in the study areaTo identify major constraints and opportunities for sheep and feed value chain in the study areaTo test tools prepared for analysis of sheep and feed value chain and provide feedback for further improvement
4 MethodologyStudy area: Angolela Tera districts 107 km away from Addis.For PRA study 2 Kebeles and within each kebele 12 representative producers were selected with the help of district agrl’ office expertsAge, sex, wealth and educational level were consideredFeed and sheep traders of the districts were interviewed representing secondary/intermediate markets.Export abattoir were also interviewed representing terminal market.Data was analyzed using descriptive and cost margin analysis .
5 Results and summary of VCA Core functions in sheep and feed value chain, activities and actors
6 Sheep market routes at North Shewa connected to Addis Ababa ProducersPrimary MktSecondary MktTertiary Mkt
7 Sheep VC actors and major channels Identified channels for sheep marketingCH 1- Sheep purchased for breeding/ fattening purpose by farmersCH 2- Sheep purchased by hotels and individual consumers in the study areasCH 3- Sheep transported to Addis Ababa butchers , supermarkets and consumer marketsCH 4- Sheep slaughtered at Modjo export abattoirs (Luna)
8 Feed VC actors and major channels Identified channels for feed marketing CH 1. Crop residue purchased for nearby town dairy production CH 2. Concentrate purchased by traders and cooperatives for distribution to farmers (rearing/fattening/dairy)
9 Costs and margins of actors in a market channel selling sheep to export abattoirs, butchers and supermarketsExport abattoirsButchersSuper marketsProducers selling price (Birr/head) to d/t actors620.00900.00650.00Selling price (Birr/head)Marketing cost (Birr/head)87.0060.5095.60Marketing margin (Birr/head)227.00150.00480.00Net margin (Birr/head)140.0089.50384.40Producer's share of final price (%)57.5760.0048.15
10 Costs and margins of actors in a market channel selling crop residue and concentrate to users Crop residuesConcentrateProducersSmall tradersTradersSelling price (Birr/sack)3555Selling price (Birr/Qt)325Marketing cost (Birr/sack)-8Purchase from Addis (Birr/Qt)280Marketing M.(Birr/sack)20Gross margin45Net margin (Birr/sack)12Marketing cost (Birr/Qt)18Producer's share of final price (%)34.29Net margin(Birr/Qt)27 Concentrate include wheat bran and/or nug cake
11 Constraints and opportunities for sheep and feed Value chain OpportunityProblem in input supplyImproved rams, feed seed, drug supply shortage hamperCredit - high interest, group collateralProduction constraintsFeed shortage and free grazingInadequate livestock health servicesLack of improved breed and forage seedTransportation constraintsHigh cost of transportationMarket constraintsLack of reliable source of mkt informationLack of market place and infrastructureSeasonality in SS and DD for sheep and feedInstitutional and organizational constraintsDouble taxationThere is double taxation –at d/t checkpointsLack of sheep and feed trader cooperativesIn adequate training (Skills and knowledge)An increasingly high demand for sheep meat and animal feed in local marketsGovernment's commitment and support to increase export of meatThe establishment of Livestock Development and Health AgencyIndividuals engaged in fattening practiceFarmers Awareness increasingTransport access to the main marketHigh demand in Export meatIncrease in number of export abattoirs
12 ConclusionThe District is known to be drought prone and the sale rate is highest during crop failures and before harvest of staple food crops. Hence in these household sheep are considered as the major farm buffering assets.Nearly all of the respondents rear sheep for subsistence and to generate income.Smallholder farmers are the main suppliers of the animal and sale at any time when immediate income is required.Information on markets quantitative aspects (supply, demand, prices, producer and consumer behavior) are not adequately known.Major sheep feeds obtained from grazing on crop stubble, private pasture, road side, communal pasture, weeds, tillers and fillers.Feed availability largely depends on the season of the year when lands are covered with either Meher or Belg season crops.Optimum utilization of seasonal available feeds through preservation of crop residues and grasses and strategic supplementation with low cost alternatives like development of improved forage is vital to balance seasonal feed supply and animal requirements.
13 Way for wardsIntervention works needs to correspond to the household flock holdings, best bred but small flock size.Household level sheep fattening managements is extensive through extended period using generous inputs. Research needs to provide information on efficient and economic utilization of the available resources.Quantitative aspects of marketing (supply, demand, prices, producer and consumer behavior) require prompt further investigation to provide complete marketing information.The private sector needs to be encouraged in areas of sheep development by generating and availing appropriate information for investment on the potential benefits to be gained from the growing domestic and export markets.Farmers have to be equipped with the skills of innovative knowledge that can make them improve the management and storages of crop residues and proper supplementations.
14 Lessons learnedSheep and feed production constraints in the study area are identified.Production intervention should focus in providing improved breeds and forage seeds/seedling to the area.Major sheep and feed market channels have been identified by this study.Seasonality in supply and demand for sheep and feed are recognized.Sheep and feed marketing will remain to local markets where there are no formal market information and with very little infrastructure.