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ON THE WATERFRONT. CULTURAL, HISTORICAL AND SOCIAL SETTING  Based upon a series of newspaper articles written by Malcolm Johnson about trouble on the.

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Presentation on theme: "ON THE WATERFRONT. CULTURAL, HISTORICAL AND SOCIAL SETTING  Based upon a series of newspaper articles written by Malcolm Johnson about trouble on the."— Presentation transcript:

1 ON THE WATERFRONT

2 CULTURAL, HISTORICAL AND SOCIAL SETTING  Based upon a series of newspaper articles written by Malcolm Johnson about trouble on the New York waterfront in 1949  Articles exposed murder, extortion and standover tactics infesting the docks  A congressional Inquiry was set up to hear evidence from the dockworkers in an attempt to clean up the waterfront  The characters of Terry, Johnny Friendly and the crusading priest, Father Barry, were based on real people  The film revealed an ugly, gritty side of American society and politics. It was an immediate success and very popular much like the Underbelly series is in Australia today

3 WHAT ARE UNIONS?  An organization of workers joined to protect their common interests and improve their working conditions.  People create or join unions when they feel they are being treated unfairly by their employers.

4 MARITIME UNION OF AUSTRALIA  Unions in Australia include the Maritime Union of Australia which Maritime Union of Australia represents around 12,000 Australian men and women - stevedoring workers (wharfies), seafarers, divers, port workers and office staff.  This is the union Terry from ‘On the Waterfront’ would be a part of if he worked in Australia. In the film, he is part of the International Longshoremen’s Union of which Johnny Friendly is the boss.

5 AUSTRALIAN WORKERS UNION  View the recent video created by the AWU about wage equity. View the recent video created by the AWU about wage equity.   What is the role of the union in this clip?

6 ROLE OF UNIONS Unions represent members for the following sorts of issues:  wages (payment at the correct rate, penalty rates etc, wage rises)  conditions (eg hours of work, breaks, shift times, workplace facilities)  health and safety at work (more people die from work injuries than on the roads)  job security  discrimination and harassment  unfair dismissal

7 MAY DAY CLIP   What does this clip tell you about the values and purpose of unions?

8 EUREKA FLAG- SYMBOL OF UNIONISM IN AUSTRALIA

9 SLOGANS YOU MIGHT HEAR FROM A UNIONIST  ‘The workers united will never be defeated’  ‘An injury to one is an injury to all’  ‘Solidarity Forever’  ‘A victory for one is a victory for all’

10 FATHER BARRY  Some of these sentiments are echoed in ‘On the Waterfront’ by Father Barry. He is based on a real person, Father John M. Corridan who campaigned against corruption on the docks in New York in the 1950’s.  Watch the clip again 

11 IN ‘ON THE WATERFRONT’  While unions are there to benefit employees, there are cases of corruption within unions and this is what the film centres around.  A Waterfront Crime Commission was set up in 1953 to investigate corruption in the International Longshoremen’s Union.  Union bosses had the power to decide who worked on any given day.  Those who did work had to pay kickbacks to the Union Bosses- in the film- Johnny Friendly. Those who didn’t work were encouraged to take loans from the Union which had high interest rates.

12 IN ‘ON THE WATERFRONT’  In the film, workers such as Joey Doyle, were reporting on such corruption which made them targets for murder.

13 ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS  What is a union?  Why do people join unions?  What is an example of a union?  What values do unions have?  In what ways does the union exploit its members in the film?


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