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Models, Demonstrations, Labs & Other Tools. In Science education what are models? Visual learning aids Visual learning aids Interactive learning aids.

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Presentation on theme: "Models, Demonstrations, Labs & Other Tools. In Science education what are models? Visual learning aids Visual learning aids Interactive learning aids."— Presentation transcript:

1 Models, Demonstrations, Labs & Other Tools

2 In Science education what are models? Visual learning aids Visual learning aids Interactive learning aids Interactive learning aids Mentoring by example Mentoring by example Exemplars/rubrics (models outcomes desired) Exemplars/rubrics (models outcomes desired) Objects that explain science Objects that explain science Representations Representations Similies Similies Metaphors Metaphors In Science education what are models? Visual learning aids Visual learning aids Interactive learning aids Interactive learning aids Mentoring by example Mentoring by example Exemplars/rubrics (models outcomes desired) Exemplars/rubrics (models outcomes desired) Objects that explain science Objects that explain science Representations Representations Similies Similies Metaphors Metaphors

3 In Science education what are demonstrations? Science experiments to class Science experiments to class Field trips Field trips An introduction to a unit etc. An introduction to a unit etc. Showing or presenting ideas, facts, etc. to students Showing or presenting ideas, facts, etc. to students In Science education what are demonstrations? Science experiments to class Science experiments to class Field trips Field trips An introduction to a unit etc. An introduction to a unit etc. Showing or presenting ideas, facts, etc. to students Showing or presenting ideas, facts, etc. to students

4 In Science education what are labs? Real hands-on learning Real hands-on learning Opportunity to do experiments, investigations, research, etc Opportunity to do experiments, investigations, research, etc A model of science in the work force A model of science in the work force Opportunity for Inquiry and construction of knowledge Opportunity for Inquiry and construction of knowledge Opportunity for social learning Opportunity for social learning In Science education what are labs? Real hands-on learning Real hands-on learning Opportunity to do experiments, investigations, research, etc Opportunity to do experiments, investigations, research, etc A model of science in the work force A model of science in the work force Opportunity for Inquiry and construction of knowledge Opportunity for Inquiry and construction of knowledge Opportunity for social learning Opportunity for social learning

5 What types of models are there in science education? Visual models Visual models Scale model Scale model Graphic models (diagramatic, 3-D images, computer apps, etc.) Graphic models (diagramatic, 3-D images, computer apps, etc.) Graphs Graphs Mathematical models Mathematical models Theoretical / conceptual Theoretical / conceptual Psychological representation of real or imaginary things Psychological representation of real or imaginary things M What types of models are there in science education? Visual models Visual models Scale model Scale model Graphic models (diagramatic, 3-D images, computer apps, etc.) Graphic models (diagramatic, 3-D images, computer apps, etc.) Graphs Graphs Mathematical models Mathematical models Theoretical / conceptual Theoretical / conceptual Psychological representation of real or imaginary things Psychological representation of real or imaginary things M

6 What is the purpose of models in science education? To increase understanding To increase understanding Task different learning styles of the students Task different learning styles of the students Help make connections to prior knowledge Help make connections to prior knowledge Makes science more engaging Makes science more engaging Makes information/ideas accessible Makes information/ideas accessible Exemplars of target outcome Exemplars of target outcome Encourages creative thinking (?) Encourages creative thinking (?) Can be uased in a constructivist manner Can be uased in a constructivist manner Can be used as an assessment tool Can be used as an assessment tool What is the purpose of models in science education? To increase understanding To increase understanding Task different learning styles of the students Task different learning styles of the students Help make connections to prior knowledge Help make connections to prior knowledge Makes science more engaging Makes science more engaging Makes information/ideas accessible Makes information/ideas accessible Exemplars of target outcome Exemplars of target outcome Encourages creative thinking (?) Encourages creative thinking (?) Can be uased in a constructivist manner Can be uased in a constructivist manner Can be used as an assessment tool Can be used as an assessment tool

7 What types of demonstrations are there in science education? Visual / audio Visual / audio Interactive software Interactive software Experiments Experiments Safety Safety Expressed models Expressed models Procedural Procedural What types of demonstrations are there in science education? Visual / audio Visual / audio Interactive software Interactive software Experiments Experiments Safety Safety Expressed models Expressed models Procedural Procedural

8 What is the purpose of demonstrations in science education? Spark interest and curiosity Spark interest and curiosity Same as models Same as models Validate teachers authority with a subject or concept Validate teachers authority with a subject or concept What is the purpose of demonstrations in science education? Spark interest and curiosity Spark interest and curiosity Same as models Same as models Validate teachers authority with a subject or concept Validate teachers authority with a subject or concept

9 What types of labs are there in science education? All are “Hands-On” All are “Hands-On” Representational Representational Investigative Investigative Inquiry-based Inquiry-based What types of labs are there in science education? All are “Hands-On” All are “Hands-On” Representational Representational Investigative Investigative Inquiry-based Inquiry-based

10 What is the purpose of labs in science education? Authenticate understanding Authenticate understanding Same as models Same as models Gain an appreciation for the science Gain an appreciation for the science Opportunity to discover for themselves Opportunity to discover for themselves Makes science real! Makes science real! Opportunity to develop skills Opportunity to develop skills What is the purpose of labs in science education? Authenticate understanding Authenticate understanding Same as models Same as models Gain an appreciation for the science Gain an appreciation for the science Opportunity to discover for themselves Opportunity to discover for themselves Makes science real! Makes science real! Opportunity to develop skills Opportunity to develop skills

11 What are some potential pitfalls with models, demonstrations and labs? Students may lose sight of teachers desired objective Students may lose sight of teachers desired objective Behaviour issues Behaviour issues Safety issues Safety issues Students may embrace the model as truth rather than a representation of the truth Students may embrace the model as truth rather than a representation of the truth What are some potential pitfalls with models, demonstrations and labs? Students may lose sight of teachers desired objective Students may lose sight of teachers desired objective Behaviour issues Behaviour issues Safety issues Safety issues Students may embrace the model as truth rather than a representation of the truth Students may embrace the model as truth rather than a representation of the truth

12 In-Class Activity: Briefly develop the following: 1.F’cton & area - A model that can be used in grade 1 to sufficiently cover outcome Elsi & area - A demonstration that can be used in grade 3 to sufficiently cover outcome b. 3.Listi & area - A lab that can be used in grade 5 to sufficiently cover outcome Use your own judgment as to where you belong -Use your own judgment as to where you belong In-Class Activity: Briefly develop the following: 1.F’cton & area - A model that can be used in grade 1 to sufficiently cover outcome Elsi & area - A demonstration that can be used in grade 3 to sufficiently cover outcome b. 3.Listi & area - A lab that can be used in grade 5 to sufficiently cover outcome Use your own judgment as to where you belong -Use your own judgment as to where you belong

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14 My demonstration of a pendulum, which could be easily converted into a lab My demonstration of a pendulum, which could be easily converted into a lab My demonstration of a pendulum, which could be easily converted into a lab My demonstration of a pendulum, which could be easily converted into a lab

15 Curriculum Outcomes that Pendulum activity covers: Curriculum Outcomes that Pendulum activity covers: describe instances in which scientific ideas and discoveries have led to new inventions and applications propose questions to investigate and practical problems to solve state a prediction and a hypothesis based on an observed pattern of events identify and control major variables in their investigations plan steps to solve a practical problem and to carry out a fair test of a science-related idea Curriculum Outcomes that Pendulum activity covers: Curriculum Outcomes that Pendulum activity covers: describe instances in which scientific ideas and discoveries have led to new inventions and applications propose questions to investigate and practical problems to solve state a prediction and a hypothesis based on an observed pattern of events identify and control major variables in their investigations plan steps to solve a practical problem and to carry out a fair test of a science-related idea

16 What other tools can you think of that would achieve the same effect as models, demonstrations and labs?


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