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Anne Miller. The colony of Georgia was truly the vision of James Edward Oglethorpe. He had planned to use the new colony to help people in debtors prison.

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Presentation on theme: "Anne Miller. The colony of Georgia was truly the vision of James Edward Oglethorpe. He had planned to use the new colony to help people in debtors prison."— Presentation transcript:

1 Anne Miller

2 The colony of Georgia was truly the vision of James Edward Oglethorpe. He had planned to use the new colony to help people in debtors prison. James Edward OglethorpeJames Edward Oglethorpe However, by the time he received the charter for Georgia (June 9, 1732) Oglethorpe had dropped his plan to use debtors and hand-picked the 116 men and women who would travel to Georgia on The Ann. However, by the time he received the charter for Georgia (June 9, 1732) Oglethorpe had dropped his plan to use debtors and hand-picked the 116 men and women who would travel to Georgia on The Ann.116 men and women116 men and women

3 Anne Miller General James Edward Oglethorpe is considered the founding father of Savannah, Augusta, and Georgia. General James Edward Oglethorpe is considered the founding father of Savannah, Augusta, and Georgia. He brought 120 settlers to Georgia. This was the last of the 13 colonies. He also helped plan the city of Savannah. He brought 120 settlers to Georgia. This was the last of the 13 colonies. He also helped plan the city of Savannah.

4 Anne Miller Tomichichi was the chief of the Yamacraw Indians. Tomichichi was the chief of the Yamacraw Indians. He greeted Oglethorpe when he first landed on Yamacraw Bluff. He greeted Oglethorpe when he first landed on Yamacraw Bluff. They became friends. They became friends.

5 Anne Miller King George II signed the royal charter which established the colony of Georgia in King George II signed the royal charter which established the colony of Georgia in 1732.

6 Anne Miller Georgia colony was named in honor of King George II, the king of England.

7 Anne Miller "Anne" was the name of the ship that brought Oglethorpe and the colonists from England on November 17, "Anne" was the name of the ship that brought Oglethorpe and the colonists from England on November 17, They landed on Yamacraw Bluff in Savannah on February 12, They landed on Yamacraw Bluff in Savannah on February 12, 1733.

8 Anne Miller Yamacraw Bluff is located in Savannah on the Savannah River. It is where the settlers and Oglethorpe landed in Yamacraw was the name of a tribe of Indians that lived there. Yamacraw Bluff is located in Savannah on the Savannah River. It is where the settlers and Oglethorpe landed in Yamacraw was the name of a tribe of Indians that lived there. These monuments mark These monuments mark the spot where Oglethorpe landed with the first Georgia Colonists.

9 Anne Miller A colony is a place that is ruled by another country. James Oglethorpe brought 120 settlers to the Colony of Georgia. A colony is a place that is ruled by another country. James Oglethorpe brought 120 settlers to the Colony of Georgia. The settlers arrived in Georgia February 12, 1733, to start a new colony called Georgia. This new Colony was the 13th colony in the new world called America.

10 Anne Miller Yamacraw Indians lived on the land that we now call Savannah. Yamacraw Indians lived on the land that we now call Savannah. They are part of the Creek tribe. They are part of the Creek tribe.

11 Anne Miller The name Savannah is said to have came either from the Sawana people who lived in that area The name Savannah is said to have came either from the Sawana people who lived in that area Or the name may be from a Shawnee word for the Savannah River. Or the name may be from a Shawnee word for the Savannah River.

12 Anne Miller Mary Musgrove (Interpreter) helped Oglethorpe and Tomochichi talk to each other. Mary Musgrove (Interpreter) helped Oglethorpe and Tomochichi talk to each other. She also owned a trading post and became a very wealthy woman. She also owned a trading post and became a very wealthy woman.

13 Anne Miller In 1736, John Wesley wrote, She understands both languages, being educated amongst the English. She can read and write, and is a well- civilized women. She is likewise to teach us the Indian tongue. – In 1736, John Wesley wrote, She understands both languages, being educated amongst the English. She can read and write, and is a well- civilized women. She is likewise to teach us the Indian tongue. – Tomochichis interpreter was Mary Musgrove. Tomochichis interpreter was Mary Musgrove.

14 Anne Miller A colonial trading post -A trading post was a store where colonist and Native Americans traded with each other. A colonial trading post -A trading post was a store where colonist and Native Americans traded with each other. Mary and her husband moved their trading post to Yamacraw Bluff in The post, known as the Cowpens, became a successful business.

15 Anne Miller Life was simple in the new colony. P People farmed and raised cattle and horses. There was lumbering a a a and fur trade.

16 Anne Miller The first people to live in Georgia were the prehistoric Indians The first people to live in Georgia were the prehistoric Indians called the Mound Builders. They built mounds to bury the dead, for temples, and others were built in animal shapes

17 Anne Miller Before the White Settlers Before the White Settlers Cherokee Indians live in North Georgia. Creek Indians Creek Indians lived in South Georgia.

18 Anne Miller A Georgia Indian called Sequoyah was the first to make an Indian alphabet in A Georgia Indian called Sequoyah was the first to make an Indian alphabet in These words are written in Sequoyah's alphabet and are spoken in the Cherokee language.

19 Anne Miller The first Indian newspaper was The first Indian newspaper was published in Georgia in It was called the It was called the Cherokee Phoenix.

20 Anne Miller This is known as the "Trail of Tears" or "The Trail Where They Cried". In 1830 the Congress of the United States passed the "Indian Removal Act." This act forced the Cherokee Indians from their homelands in the east to Indian Territory what is now called Oklahoma in

21 Anne Miller The Trustees Garden was the first agricultural experimental farm and station in American. The Trustees Garden was the first agricultural experimental farm and station in American. It was started in 1733 in Savannah. The purpose It was started in 1733 in Savannah. The purpose was to experiment with herbs and plants from all over the world to find out which crops would grow best in Georgia such as peaches, such as peaches, rice, cotton, grapes, flax, hemp, indigo, olives, and hemp, indigo, olives, and the mulberry trees.

22 Anne Miller The first protestant Sunday School was started by John Wesley The first protestant Sunday School was started by John Wesley in Savannah in This was the first Sunday School in America. in America. Christ Church was founded in Christ Church was founded in 1733.

23 Anne Miller Bethesda Orphanage is the oldest Orphanage still in operation in America. It was opened in 1741 by George Whitefield and James Habersham. It was opened in 1741 by George Whitefield and James Habersham. It is located in Savannah. It is located in Savannah.

24 Anne Miller In 1788, two slaves, Andrew Bryan and Abraham Marshall, worked to organize the first black Church in America named the First African Baptist Church.

25 Anne Miller England ruled America. In 1775 the people in America decided they wanted to rule themselves. They went to war with England and gained their freedom in They went to war with England and gained their freedom in On January 2, 1788, Georgia became the fourth state to join the United States. On January 2, 1788, Georgia became the fourth state to join the United States.

26 Anne Miller Eli Whitney invented the first cotton gin near Savannah in The cotton gin helped to make cotton the souths most important crop.

27 Anne Miller The S.S. Savannah was the first steamship to cross the Atlantic Ocean. It took 29 days for the S.S. Savannah to travel from Savannah to Liverpool, England in 1891.

28 Anne Miller The first gold rush The first gold rush in the United States in the United States was in Dahlonega, Georgia in Georgia gold Georgia gold was used to cover was used to cover the dome of the Capital Building in Atlanta.

29 Anne Miller It is now a famous It is now a famous soft drink sold around the world. Coca – Cola was first made in a drugstore in Coca – Cola was first made in a drugstore in Atlanta in 1886.

30 Anne Miller The first The first Girl Scout Troop was started in was started in Savannah in It was formed by It was formed by Juliette Gordon Low.

31 Anne Miller Martin Luther King was the first Georgian to win the Nobel Peace Prize. Martin Luther King was the first Georgian to win the Nobel Peace Prize. He was a black Baptist minister that was known for his leadership during the black freedom movement in the sixties. He was a black Baptist minister that was known for his leadership during the black freedom movement in the sixties.

32 Anne Miller Jimmy Carter was the 39th President of the United States from Jimmy Carter was the 39th President of the United States from He was born on October 1, 1924 in Plains, Georgia. He was born on October 1, 1924 in Plains, Georgia. His name was James Earl Carter, Jr. His name was James Earl Carter, Jr. Jimmy Carter has been very active in his post-presidential life. He is a champion of human rights and works for several charitable causes such as Habitat for Humanity. Jimmy Carter has been very active in his post-presidential life. He is a champion of human rights and works for several charitable causes such as Habitat for Humanity.

33 Anne Miller

34 Links for Kids and Teachers Georgia for Kids Georgia for Kids Georgia for Kids Georgia for Kids Georgia with KidsKonnect Georgia with KidsKonnect Georgia with KidsKonnect Georgia with KidsKonnect President Jimmy Carter Coloring Pages President Jimmy Carter ( ) - picture only - no sentence. President Jimmy Carter at the White House Jimmy Carter Birth State - Georgia - picture only - no sentence. Jimmy Carter Birth State - Map of Georgia with Borders - picture only - no sentence. U.S. Flag flown during Jimmy Carter's Presidency - 50 star flag adopted in 1960 President Jimmy Carter ( ) - picture only - no sentence. President Jimmy Carter at the White House Jimmy Carter Birth State - Georgia - picture only - no sentence. Jimmy Carter Birth State - Map of Georgia with Borders - picture only - no sentence. U.S. Flag flown during Jimmy Carter's Presidency - 50 star flag adopted in 1960 President Jimmy Carter ( ) - picture only - no sentence. President Jimmy Carter at the White House Jimmy Carter Birth State - Georgia - picture only - no sentence. Jimmy Carter Birth State - Map of Georgia with Borders - picture only - no sentence. U.S. Flag flown during Jimmy Carter's Presidency - 50 star flag adopted in 1960 President Jimmy Carter ( ) - picture only - no sentence. President Jimmy Carter at the White House Jimmy Carter Birth State - Georgia - picture only - no sentence. Jimmy Carter Birth State - Map of Georgia with Borders - picture only - no sentence. U.S. Flag flown during Jimmy Carter's Presidency - 50 star flag adopted in 1960


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