2One Reason Why Georgia was Founded The colony of Georgia was truly the vision of James Edward Oglethorpe. He had planned to use the new colony to help people in debtors prison.However, by the time he received the charter for Georgia (June 9, 1732) Oglethorpe had dropped his plan to use debtors and hand-picked the 116 men and women who would travel to Georgia on The Ann.
3James Edward Oglethorpe General James Edward Oglethorpe is considered the founding father of Savannah, Augusta, and Georgia.He brought 120 settlers to Georgia. This was the last of the 13 colonies. He also helped plan the city of Savannah.
4Tomichichi Tomichichi was the chief of the Yamacraw Indians. He greeted Oglethorpe when he first landed on Yamacraw Bluff.They became friends.
5GeorgiaKing George II signed the royal charter which established the colony of Georgia in 1732.
6King George IIGeorgia colony was named in honor of King George II, the king of England.
7Ship "Anne""Anne" was the name of the ship that brought Oglethorpe and the colonists from England on November 17, 1732.They landed on Yamacraw Bluff in Savannah on February 12, 1733.
8Yamacraw BluffYamacraw Bluff is located in Savannah on the Savannah River. It is where the settlers and Oglethorpe landed in Yamacraw was the name of a tribe of Indians that lived there.These monuments markthe spot where Oglethorpelanded with the firstGeorgia Colonists.
9Colony of GeorgiaA colony is a place that is ruled by another country. James Oglethorpe brought 120 settlers to the Colony of Georgia.The settlers arrived inGeorgia February 12, 1733,to start a new colonycalled Georgia. This newColony was the 13th colonyin the new world called America.
10Yamacraw IndiansYamacraw Indians lived on the land that we now call Savannah.They are part of the Creek tribe.
11SavannahThe name Savannah is said to have came either from the Sawana people who lived in that areaOr the name may be from a Shawnee word for the Savannah River.
12Mary Musgrove Mary and John Musgrove Mary Musgrove (Interpreter) helped Oglethorpe and Tomochichi talk to each other.She also owned a trading post and became a very wealthy woman.Mary andJohn Musgrove
13Mary Musgrove the Interpreter Tomochichi’s interpreter was Mary Musgrove.In 1736, John Wesley wrote, “She understands both languages, being educated amongst the English. She can read and write, and is a well-civilized women. She is likewise to teach us the Indian tongue.” –
14A Colonial Trading Post A colonial trading post -A trading post was a store where colonist and Native Americans traded with each other.Mary and her husband moved their trading post to Yamacraw Bluff in The post, known as the Cowpens, became a successful business.
15Life in the Colony Life was simple in the new colony. People farmed and raised cattle andhorses.There was lumbering and fur trade.
16First Native Americans in Georgia: MOUND BUILDERSThe first people to live in Georgia were the prehistoric Indianscalled the Mound Builders.They built mounds to burythe dead, for temples, andothers were built in animal shapes
17Native Americans in Georgia: Before the White SettlersCherokee Indianslive in North Georgia.Creek Indianslived in SouthGeorgia.
18SequoyahA Georgia Indian called Sequoyah was the first to make an Indian alphabet in 1821.These words are written in Sequoyah's alphabet and are spoken in the Cherokee language.
19The Cherokee Phoenix The first Indian newspaper was published in Georgiain 1828.It was called the“Cherokee Phoenix”.
20Trail Of TearsIn 1830 the Congress of the United States passed the "Indian Removal Act." This act forced the Cherokee Indians from their homelands in the east to Indian Territory what is now called Oklahoma inThis is known as the "Trail of Tears" or "The Trail Where They Cried".
21Trustee’s GardenThe “Trustee’s Garden” was the first agricultural experimental farm and station in American.It was started in 1733 in Savannah. The purposewas to experiment with herbs and plants from allover the world to find outwhich crops would grow best in Georgiasuch as peaches,rice, cotton, grapes, flax,hemp, indigo, olives, andthe mulberry trees.
22The First Sunday School The first protestant Sunday School was started by John Wesleyin Savannah in This was the first“Sunday School”in America.Christ Church was founded in 1733.
23Bethesda OrphanageBethesda Orphanage is the oldest Orphanage still in operation in America.It was opened in 1741 by George Whitefield and James Habersham.It is located in Savannah.
24First African Baptist Church In 1788, two slaves, Andrew Bryanand Abraham Marshall,worked to organizethe first blackChurch inAmerica namedthe First AfricanBaptist Church.
25Revolutionary War England ruled America. In 1775 the people in America decided they wanted to rule themselves.Washington’s Gunsare British cannonsgiven to Savannahby George Washington.They went to war with England and gained their freedom in 1783.On January 2, 1788, Georgia became the fourth state to join the United States.
26Cotton Gin – Eli Whitney Eli Whitney inventedthe first cotton ginnear Savannah in 1793.The cotton gin helpedto make cotton thesouth’s most important crop.
27S.S. Savannah – Steamship The S.S.Savannah wasthe firststeamship tocross theAtlantic Ocean.It took 29 days for the S.S. Savannah to travel from Savannah to Liverpool, England in 1891.
28First Gold Rush The first gold rush in the United States was in Dahlonega, Georgia in 1828.Georgia goldwas used to coverthe dome of theCapital Building in Atlanta.
29Coca – Cola Coca – Cola was first made in a drugstore in Atlanta in 1886.It is now a famoussoft drink soldaround the world.
30First Girl Scouts Troop The firstGirl Scout Troopwas started inSavannah in 1912.Headquartersfor the firstGirl Scout TroopIt was formed byJuliette Gordon Low.
31Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Martin Luther King was the first Georgian to win the Nobel Peace Prize.He was a black Baptist minister that was known for his leadership during the black freedom movement in the sixties.
32Jimmy CarterJimmy Carter was the 39th President of the United States fromHe was born on October 1, 1924 in Plains, Georgia.His name was James Earl Carter, Jr.Jimmy Carter has been very active in his post-presidential life. He is a champion of human rights and works for several charitable causes such as Habitat for Humanity.
34Links for Kids and Teachers Georgia for KidsGeorgia with KidsKonnectPresident Jimmy Carter Coloring PagesPresident Jimmy Carter ( ) - picture only - no sentence. President Jimmy Carter at the White House Jimmy Carter Birth State - Georgia - picture only - no sentence. Jimmy Carter Birth State - Map of Georgia with Borders - picture only - no sentence. U.S. Flag flown during Jimmy Carter's Presidency - 50 star flag adopted in 1960