Presentation on theme: "I want this list the top 5 reasons why people should come to live in Canada today. Be creative! Think about it!"— Presentation transcript:
1I want this list the top 5 reasons why people should come to live in Canada today. Be creative! Think about it!
2New France Nouvelle-France (1608 – 1760) Welcome to the New World
3Let’s Review… In Grade 5 you learned about... Jacques Cartier Samuel de Champlain
4What are the learning Goals We are learning what things had to change when the First Nations and French settlers had to live togetherWe are learning about the French community and why settlers came to New France in the 17th and 18th centuries.
5What are we going to learn about? Coureurs de BoisSeigneursFilles du RoiHabitantFirst NationsIntendantGovernor GeneralBishopSovereign CouncilAbsolute MonarchyJesuitsSeven Years’ WarColoniesCapitulationSiegeUrsuline Nuns
6List the members of the seigneurial system and describe their roles. Explain why people lived in New France. e.g. For land, For military reasons, For economic reasons, For religious reasons.Describe what happened to the First Nations when Europeans immigrated to New France.List the members of the seigneurial system and describe their roles.At the end of the unitYou will be able to say I can…
7Describe the political structure of New France and the role the Governor, Bishop and Intendant. Identify and explain examples of conflicts and cooperation between the French and the First Nation people. e.g. Fur Trade, Military affiliation and Religion.Describe and name the parties involved in the Seven Years War, The Expulsion of Acadia and The Battle on the Plains of Abraham.At the end of the unitYou will be able to say I can…
8How is it possible that Québec has maintained their French Culture despite the wide spread use of the English culture and language in Canada?The final project you will answer the question…
9Final Project options4 choices 1. Newspaper Article 2. Children’s book 3.Conduct an interview 4. Create a Graphic organizer
10Important people and events in modern day Québec People and events René lévesque Robert Bourassa October Crisis Rocket Richard Riot
14We will focus on 4 areasEconomicsPoliticalReligionSocial
15Why Did people colonize New France? A colony is an area that is controlled by or belongs to a country and is usually far away from it.To gain money and land for France and King Louis XIVJesuit Priests and Ursuline Nuns want to bring Christianity specifically Roman Catholicism to the First NationsTo establish a new life and have land for themselves.To explore new land
16Stop & ThinkNow that you know the main reasons why people moved to New France, do you think people immigrate to Canada for any other reasons today?&
17Major Issue with Early New France Mostly men lived in New FranceAs result of a low female population two new groups were formedMétisOne parent was First Nations, the other parent was of European descentFilles du RoiA young orphan woman sent to marry a settler in New France
18The good and and Bad with France colonizing New FRANCE? Established a trading partner where both sides benefittedBuilt a relationship that would help in later military battlesThe Europeans brought over diseases such as smallpox to North America killing thousands of the Huron Nation.The Jesuit Priests and Usuline Nuns did not respect the traditions of the First NationsOnly reason why some Hurons converted to Catholicism was their fear of losing a trading partner
19Stop & Think&How would you feel if Canada sent you somewhere to marry a total stranger?
20Time to Create a title page Draw a title page and include key words listed in your textbook Be Creative!
21Figure it out? Read pages 1-9 In partners discover why France explored the New World.Answer question 1-3 on page 9.Read page 15-17In partners discuss the role the habitant and Filles du Roi played in New France.Answer questions 1 & 2 on page 17Figure it out?
23Exploration of New France Jacques CartierSamuel de ChamplainIn 1534, King François I of France sent Cartier on an exploration two find two things:Gold, silver and diamondsShipping route or path to the to allow French traders to import silk and other fine products to Europe.Travelled 1st to Newfoundland, PEI and later St. Lawrence RiverDid not respect the First Nation PeopleThought he found diamonds but instead found quartz, a rock that sparkles.Not successful in making France rich.Map MakerFound the 1st permanent settlement in CanadaQuébec CityThe “Father of New France”Partnered with the Huron peopleA First Nations Tribe
24Economics & Social Besides fur trading, people were farming. There was two groups involved in the farming system.Seigneurs and HabitantsEach played an important role in the farming systemEconomics & Social
25SeigneursWere granted land by the king and were ordered to divide the land up in 10 km X 5 km plots.They would then act as landlords to the habitant.Social
26Duties & Rights Other duties Rights Conserve oak trees for his majesties shipsMines and mineralsMake a place of residenceClear the landRoads for public useLeave sandbars open for fishing (except his own)FishHuntTrade with AboriginalsPayments they received were their own
27Social Habitant Were granted land by the Seigneur. They were able to grow their own cropsTo pay back to seigneur the habitant had to…Give a portion of their crops to the seigneur.Work without pay for about 10 days a year when planted the seigneur’s crops.Help maintain the roads and church.Tithe to the church and pay taxes the government.Social
28Social Role for men and women All men age 16 to 60 were members of the military.Men had various options for where to work and woman had very few options.However, woman played a major role in New France.Women got married at as young as 12 and were expected to have 1 child every 2 years.Had an average 6 childrenLife expectancy was around 35 years old during the 17th Century.Social
29Religion New France was Roman Catholic. Much like in political system which we will discuss later, there was a hierarchy in the Roman Catholic Church.Who is the head of the Roman Catholic Church?Religion
30Religion The Pope is the head of the church. Who is the current Pope? Pope FrancisPope Alexander VII appointed François de Laval to be the Bishop of Québec.A bishop is a a high-ranking Church official in charge of a district or diocese.The bishop oversaw the clergy, priests, and local parishes in New France.Lay organizations were also played an important role in New France. They are a religious organizations run by people who are not clergy.Religion
31Let’ explore early religious organizations in New France Stop and think!Let’ explore early religious organizations in New FranceRead pages and read the 2001 census information and the handout. Answer the following questions.What role did the Jesuit Priest and Ursuline Nuns play in New France?Who was Marie Martin and what did she do?Why did the French take only the Roman Catholic religion to New France and does Québec still have a strong Roman Catholic presence today and why?
32Religion Jesuit Priests Missionaries from France had two goals when they arrived to New FranceTo spread Roman Catholic religion to the First Nation peopleTo setup schools for boysReligion
33Religion Ursuline Nuns Female version of Jesuit Priests Provided education to girls.Although the Jesuits provided education to boys, girls often got a better education.The taught subjects like Latin, math, philosophy and of course religionTook care of the sick.Taught the First NationsReligion