Presentation on theme: "Think about it! I WANT THIS LIST THE TOP 5 REASONS WHY PEOPLE SHOULD COME TO LIVE IN CANADA TODAY. BE CREATIVE!"— Presentation transcript:
Think about it! I WANT THIS LIST THE TOP 5 REASONS WHY PEOPLE SHOULD COME TO LIVE IN CANADA TODAY. BE CREATIVE!
Welcome to the New World New France Nouvelle-France (1608 – 1760)
In Grade 5 you learned about... Jacques Cartier Jacques Cartier Samuel de Champlain Let’s Review…
We are learning what things had to change when the First Nations and French settlers had to live together We are learning about the French community and why settlers came to New France in the 17 th and 18 th centuries. WHAT ARE THE LEARNING GOALS
Coureurs de Bois Seigneurs Filles du Roi Habitant First Nations Intendant Governor General Bishop Sovereign Council Absolute Monarchy Jesuits Seven Years’ War Colonies Capitulation Siege Ursuline Nuns WHAT ARE WE GOING TO LEARN ABOUT?
Explain why people lived in New France. e.g. For land, For military reasons, For economic reasons, For religious reasons. Describe what happened to the First Nations when Europeans immigrated to New France. List the members of the seigneurial system and describe their roles. You will be able to say I can… AT THE END OF THE UNIT
Describe the political structure of New France and the role the Governor, Bishop and Intendant. Identify and explain examples of conflicts and cooperation between the French and the First Nation people. e.g. Fur Trade, Military affiliation and Religion. Describe and name the parties involved in the Seven Years War, The Expulsion of Acadia and The Battle on the Plains of Abraham. You will be able to say I can… AT THE END OF THE UNIT
The final project you will answer the question… How is it possible that Québec has maintained their French Culture despite the wide spread use of the English culture and language in Canada?
Final Project options 4 choices 1. Newspaper Article 2. Children’s book 3.Conduct an interview 4. Create a Graphic organizer
Important people and events in modern day Québec People and events René lévesque Robert Bourassa October Crisis Rocket Richard Riot October Crisis Rocket Richard Riot
? WHAT INSPIRED THESE PEOPLE & EVENTS TO OCCUR
Let’s take a look at New France!
WHERE IS NEW FRANCE?
Economics Political Religion Social WE WILL FOCUS ON 4 AREAS
A colony is an area that is controlled by or belongs to a country and is usually far away from it. To gain money and land for France and King Louis XIV Jesuit Priests and Ursuline Nuns want to bring Christianity specifically Roman Catholicism to the First Nations To establish a new life and have land for themselves. To explore new land WHY DID PEOPLE COLONIZE NEW FRANCE?
STOP & THINK Now that you know the main reasons why people moved to New France, do you think people immigrate to Canada for any other reasons today? &
Mostly men lived in New France As result of a low female population two new groups were formed Métis One parent was First Nations, the other parent was of European descent Filles du Roi A young orphan woman sent to marry a settler in New France MAJOR ISSUE WITH EARLY NEW FRANCE
Good Established a trading partner where both sides benefitted Built a relationship that would help in later military battles Bad The Europeans brought over diseases such as smallpox to North America killing thousands of the Huron Nation. The Jesuit Priests and Usuline Nuns did not respect the traditions of the First Nations Only reason why some Hurons converted to Catholicism was their fear of losing a trading partner THE GOOD AND AND BAD WITH FRANCE COLONIZING NEW FRANCE?
STOP & THINK How would you feel if Canada sent you somewhere to marry a total stranger? &
Draw a title page and include key words listed in your textbook Be Creative! TIME TO CREATE A TITLE PAGE
Read pages 1-9 In partners discover why France explored the New World. Answer question 1-3 on page 9. Read page 15-17 In partners discuss the role the habitant and Filles du Roi played in New France. Answer questions 1 & 2 on page 17 FIGURE IT OUT?
Jacques Cartier In 1534, King François I of France sent Cartier on an exploration two find two things: Gold, silver and diamonds Shipping route or path to the to allow French traders to import silk and other fine products to Europe. Travelled 1 st to Newfoundland, PEI and later St. Lawrence River Did not respect the First Nation People Thought he found diamonds but instead found quartz, a rock that sparkles. Not successful in making France rich. Samuel de Champlain Map Maker Found the 1 st permanent settlement in Canada Québec City The “Father of New France” Partnered with the Huron people A First Nations Tribe EXPLORATION OF NEW FRANCE
Besides fur trading, people were farming. There was two groups involved in the farming system. Seigneurs and Habitants Each played an important role in the farming system ECONOMICS &SOCIAL
Seigneurs Were granted land by the king and were ordered to divide the land up in 10 km X 5 km plots. They would then act as landlords to the habitant. SOCIAL
Other duties Conserve oak trees for his majesties ships Mines and minerals Make a place of residence Clear the land Roads for public use Leave sandbars open for fishing (except his own) Rights Fish Hunt Trade with Aboriginals Payments they received were their own DUTIES & RIGHTS
Habitant Were granted land by the Seigneur. They were able to grow their own crops To pay back to seigneur the habitant had to… Give a portion of their crops to the seigneur. Work without pay for about 10 days a year when planted the seigneur’s crops. Help maintain the roads and church. Tithe to the church and pay taxes the government. SOCIAL
Role for men and women All men age 16 to 60 were members of the military. Men had various options for where to work and woman had very few options. However, woman played a major role in New France. Women got married at as young as 12 and were expected to have 1 child every 2 years. Had an average 6 children Life expectancy was around 35 years old during the 17 th Century. SOCIAL
New France was Roman Catholic. Much like in political system which we will discuss later, there was a hierarchy in the Roman Catholic Church. Who is the head of the Roman Catholic Church? RELIGION
The Pope is the head of the church. Who is the current Pope? Pope Francis Pope Alexander VII appointed François de Laval to be the Bishop of Québec. A bishop is a a high-ranking Church official in charge of a district or diocese. The bishop oversaw the clergy, priests, and local parishes in New France. Lay organizations were also played an important role in New France. They are a religious organizations run by people who are not clergy. RELIGION
Read pages 10-12 and read the 2001 census information and the handout. Answer the following questions. 1.What role did the Jesuit Priest and Ursuline Nuns play in New France? 2.Who was Marie Martin and what did she do? 1.Why did the French take only the Roman Catholic religion to New France and does Québec still have a strong Roman Catholic presence today and why? STOP AND THINK! Let’ explore early religious organizations in New France
RELIGION Jesuit Priests Missionaries from France had two goals when they arrived to New France 1.To spread Roman Catholic religion to the First Nation people 2.To setup schools for boys
Ursuline Nuns Female version of Jesuit Priests Provided education to girls. Although the Jesuits provided education to boys, girls often got a better education. The taught subjects like Latin, math, philosophy and of course religion Took care of the sick. Taught the First Nations RELIGION