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O BRAVE NEW WORLD EUROPEAN IMPERIALISM THE SPANISH AND THE PORTUGUESE THE IMPACTS OF IMPERIALISM EUROCENTRISM THE RISE OF ENGLAND.

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Presentation on theme: "O BRAVE NEW WORLD EUROPEAN IMPERIALISM THE SPANISH AND THE PORTUGUESE THE IMPACTS OF IMPERIALISM EUROCENTRISM THE RISE OF ENGLAND."— Presentation transcript:

1 O BRAVE NEW WORLD EUROPEAN IMPERIALISM THE SPANISH AND THE PORTUGUESE THE IMPACTS OF IMPERIALISM EUROCENTRISM THE RISE OF ENGLAND

2 EUROPEAN IMPERIALISM When the early explorers including Columbus returned from their voyages to Europe, they often brought back indigenous peoples in addition to treasures like gold In this painting from the 1800s by Eugene Deveria, Columbus is kneeling at the feet of Queen Isabella How do some of the choices of this painting represent a European bias?

3 EUROPEAN IMPERIALISM When the early explorers including Columbus returned from their voyages to Europe, they often brought back indigenous peoples in addition to treasures like gold In this painting from the 1800s by Eugene Deveria, Columbus is kneeling at the feet of Queen Isabella How do some of the choices of this painting represent a European bias? –EUROCENTRISM: »The tendency of Europeans to view historical events from the European perspective »http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g0EqTRCJb_g&safety_mode =true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=activehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g0EqTRCJb_g&safety_mode =true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active

4 TREATY OF TORDESILLAS Portugal and Spain competed to find the trade routes to Asia Spain and Portugal could not arrive at a settlement for splitting up the Asians trade In 1494, the pope proposed a secret treaty, The Treaty of Tordesillas It divided the world between the Spanish and the Portuguese »Spain would maintain control of all land west of an imaginary line running north and south through the Atlantic »Portugal would have any land east of that line

5 TREATY OF TORDESILLAS

6 Other European leaders were angry when they heard about the treaty England and France ignored it and sent out explorers across North America to find new territories Imperialism – the extension of power over a territory became the prevailing movement »For example France and England fought for control over the territory we now know as Canada

7 TAKING CHARGE The territories in Central and South America claimed by Columbus and other Spanish explorers became known as New Spain The Spanish government granted land to people who wanted to settle in New Spain to mine for precious minerals or set up plantations to grow crops for export to Spain Indigenous people were enslaved by Spanish landowners and forced to work in terrible conditions Millions of people were literally worked to death in the silver mines and fields

8 IMPERIALIST TREASURE Mines in Peru, Bolivia and other areas shipped thousands of tonnes of gold, silver and emeralds to Spain For a period of time Spain was the richest country in Europe The English developed small, fast, highly manoeuvrable ships that were ideal for attacks against the slower-moving Spanish galleons Soon the English captains were raiding Spanish ships and coastal towns

9 THE COSTS OF IMPERIALISM In the early 1400s, the Inca and Aztecs had thriving cultures in what is now Central and South America Everywhere the Europeans settled in the Americas, the Indigenous peoples paid a terrible costs »http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m8S_WFqJ4AY&feature=r elatedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m8S_WFqJ4AY&feature=r elated »http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W1- QfatP64Q&feature=relatedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W1- QfatP64Q&feature=related

10 THE COSTS OF IMPERIALISM Roland Wright, author of Stolen Continents, identified the following results of European imperialism »By 1600 less than 1/10th of the original population of the Americas remained »Perhaps 90 million Indigenous peoples died during that time »Most died of diseases such as smallpox, measles and influenza brought by the Europeans »Indigenous peoples had no natural immunity to them »Many indigenous people in North America died out

11 THE RISE OF THE ENGLISH Francis Drake was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the world He gained notoriety for his attacks on Spanish ships and bringing wealth to England and earning the gratitude of Queen Elizabeth Elizabeth was well educated, fluent in Greek and Latin and a patron of the arts Under her reign England defeated the Spanish Armada, in a great naval battle Under her reign England emerged as a true world power ature=relatedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=35djJpYpP7k&fe ature=related

12 THE RISE OF THE ENGLISH The military and economic success of England gave its people a sense of confidence and pride Patriotism a sense of identity linked with the achievements of one’s country grew in England One of the sources of pride for England during this period was the writer William Shakespeare »http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLg-ziZg2fchttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLg-ziZg2fc

13 EXPANSIONISM AND IMPERIALISM Europeans saw themselves as superior to the Indigenous peoples They needed the resources of the Americas to support their economy and fuel the establishment of colonies They saw competition for land and resources as necessary for survival and supremacy These attitudes led to a disregard for the rights of Indigenous and First Nations peoples The expansion of the slave trade carried out largely by English merchants who provided labour for plantation owners


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