Non violent action had failed. Member of the Nation of Islam, a group which shared many Muslim beliefs. Very troubled upbringing. Father had been shot by white supremacists. Believed that integration had failed. Believed that black people would be better off living separately or even returning to Africa. Critical of MLK, he felt that the Civil Rights movement was wrong to work with white politicians. He saw the White politicians as the enemy. Wanted to help deal with all inequalities in both the North and the South. Believed that violence should be met with violence. Son of a Catholic minister. Successful middle class family upbringing. Saw integration as a key to success and improving Civil Rights. Focused heavily upon voter registration and desegregation in the South. Wanted to work alongside white politicians to achieve change. Meet violence with non-violence. Believed in peaceful protests. Martin Luther King Malcolm X
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