Presentation on theme: "QUESTIONNAIRES IN QUALITATIVE RESEARCH"— Presentation transcript:
1QUESTIONNAIRES IN QUALITATIVE RESEARCH LG 524 WEEK THREEQUESTIONNAIRES IN QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
2The Questionnaire Model No all encompassing Good ModelQualitative Research may include quantitative methods in gathering data.Many questionnaires will combine both approaches, either free standing or as leading to the Interview.
3ETHICAL CONCERNS…. Intrusion. Time. Sensitivity Threat Privacy Offence and IrritationThe Ethical Concerns form is coming your way……….
4Structured, Semi-Structured or Unstructured? Number of RespondentsSize of QuestionnaireStatistical analysis and comparisonsStructured>Do you plan your lessons?Semi-Structured> Is lesson-planning always necessary do you think?Open/Unstructured> What can you tell me about your lesson planning?
5Avoiding Pitfalls in Question Writing. Leading questions.Highbrow questions.Complex questions.Irritating questions.Negatives and double negatives.Too many open –ended questionsAmbiguous questions.
6Types of Questions. Dichotomous >. Yes/ No questions. Multiple choice questions>a, b, c, d.Likert QuestionsRank OrderingUnstructured open-ended questions:More detailed responses, not guided, gains information that may not be forthcoming through more structured, guided questions.
7Open Questions…. A useful exercise for speaking contains…………… The uses of grammar in teaching speaking are……………………..Why might you omit pair-work in a class?Open –ended questions may gather data that sheds un-thought of information for research questions
8Questionnaire OrderFactual questions. Unthreatening. Age, gender, experience, training…>>Closed questions. Dichotomous, multiple choice. Ranking….>>More open questions. May be interspersed with closed questions to seek more information on answers, or to ask reason for answers.
9Layout of the Questionnaire: Introduce purpose of each section, makes process more simple for participant, guides them through it.Clarity of wording and design.Short clear instructions.Numbering of questions.Which parts need not be answered.Ask respondent for check, early return of the questionnaire, thanks…..
10Cover Letter Title Introduction Purpose of Research Benefits Return IncentiveThanks
11Piloting the Questionnaire ClarityFeedbackAmbiguityFormatEase of answeringTimeLengthNew CategoriesMisunderstandingData Analysis.
12Open - Ended…Can you explain why….Some reasons for…..Why…….