Presentation on theme: "1956 2006 What kind of people would you find in this street?"— Presentation transcript:
1956 2006 What kind of people would you find in this street?
London is... home to people of every race and faith. More than 300 languages are spoken here, and whilst some cultural groups have been here for centuries, 30% of Londoners today were born abroad
Your homework today: -Conduct an interview with someone who came originally from another country, or whose family did. -(We will come up with the questions later in this lesson)
Out of every 1,000 people in London, on average: In 2001, 25% of people living in Greater London were born abroad. 120 are Asian 114 are White non-British 109 are Black 32 are of mixed race 11 are Chinese
Map to be projected onto board – students mark with board pen where they think immigrants have come to London from
Caribbean Africa Asia UK (China) (India) (Vietnam)
As you listen to the story of the people who came to London, draw a line to show where on the timeline the boxes should go. Trade started to bring people from afar to London The Romans brought some black soldiers with them John Blanke played at the court of Henry VIII Britain started to build an empire Africans brought to London by those involved in the slave trade, and made to work as domestic servants People were invited to come from other countries to settle here, and help rebuild! Arrival of the Windrush Chinese immigrants settled in London Vietnamese immigrants began to arrive Bangladeshi people began to arrive in London 150017001600180019002000
Britain was always a land of immigrants – we all came from somewhere! Roman art found in London dating from 100-300AD shows that black soldiers travelled with the Romans to Britain.
In about 1450, Britain started to do a lot of international TRADE Why might this bring foreign people to London? In the ports of London, people would have seen soldiers and sailors from all over the globe
Empire From about 1500, Britain started to build up colonies in Asia and Africa. Some of the native people of these and other European colonies came to London. Lets look at the story of one man…
It appears that John Blanke, a Black trumpeter, was a regular musician at the court of Henry VIII (1509-1549). Musicians' payments were noted in the accounts of the Treasurer of the Chamber, who was responsible for paying the wages. There are several payments recorded to a 'John Blanke, the blacke trumpeter'.
Impact of the slave trade? During the eighteenth century (1700s) the enormous Atlantic slave trade brought many black Africans to Britain. Sea captains and plantation owners returning home from America would bring slaves back with them to work as servants. By the 1760s, the Black population had grown to somewhere between 20,000 and 40,000; Granville Sharp estimated the number of black servants in London alone at 20,000, in a city of 676,250 people
20 th century After the Second World War (1939-45), the British government wanted to rebuild! There were not enough British people for the job, so the Government looked to the empire.
In the post-war period heavy immigration from countries of the old British Empire changed the character of the London. Notting Hill and Brixton acquired large Caribbean populations, and Sikhs settled in Southall. The first large ship carrying people from Jamaica was called the Windrush. It arrived in 1948.
1960s: The next major wave of immigration came in the 1960's. Land reform in Hong Kong brought farmers to Britain in search of a new livelihood. Many settled in Soho, drawn to the booming Chinese restaurant trade. (By this time British soldiers from the war in the Far East had created a new customer base for Chinese cuisine.) 1970s: Lewisham and Lambeth became the next focal points for Chinese immigrants in the late 1970s when Vietnamese Chinese people fled the Vietnam War Chinese and Vietnamese Immigration
Bangladeshi Immigration In the 1970s, immigration reforms also allowed Bangladeshi people to come to England, fleeing the political troubles there. Many of the first immigrants settled in Whitechapel where they worked mainly in the rug trade.
In the last 10 years People have immigrated from many other countries, and continue to do so. Who are the new ethnic groups in London today?
Have a look at the board again – did you choose the right places?
What to do now? Spend 1 minute checking the timeline of the person next to you. Then open your book and write the title: The history of multiculturalism
This is your chance to think about the kind of questions you want to ask for your research project…